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The Warsaw Uprising Of 1944 by Włodzimierz Borodziej

Title The Warsaw Uprising of 1944
Author Włodzimierz Borodziej
Publisher Univ of Wisconsin Press
Release Date 2006
Category History
Total Pages 183
ISBN 0299207307
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Warsaw Uprising of 1944 dramatically tells the largely unknown story of the Warsaw resistance movement during World War II. Desperate to free themselves from German military oppression but also hoping to show the advancing Soviets that they could not impose easy rule upon the citizens of Warsaw, the Poles launched an almost hopeless attack against the Germans on August 1, 1944. Wlodzimierz Borodziej presents an evenhanded account of what is commonly considered the darkest chapter in Polish history during World War II. In only sixty-three days, the Germans razed Warsaw to the ground and 200,000 people, mostly civilians, lost their lives. The result—a heroic and historically pivotal turning point—meant that the Poles would lose both their capital and an entire generation. This concise account of the trauma—little known to English-speaking readers—will appeal to anyone interested in the history of World War II in general and is a must-read for students of Polish history in particular.

Warsaw 1944 by Alexandra Richie

Title Warsaw 1944
Author Alexandra Richie
Publisher Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Release Date 2013-12-10
Category History
Total Pages 752
ISBN 9781466848474
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The full untold story of how one of history's bravest revolts ended in one of its greatest crimes In 1943, the Nazis liquidated Warsaw's Jewish ghetto. A year later, they threatened to complete the city's destruction by deporting its remaining residents. A sophisticated and cosmopolitan community a thousand years old was facing its final days—and then opportunity struck. As Soviet soldiers turned back the Nazi invasion of Russia and began pressing west, the underground Polish Home Army decided to act. Taking advantage of German disarray and seeking to forestall the absorption of their country into the Soviet empire, they chose to liberate the city of Warsaw for themselves. Warsaw 1944 tells the story of this brave, and errant, calculation. For more than sixty days, the Polish fighters took over large parts of the city and held off the SS's most brutal forces. But in the end, their efforts were doomed. Scorned by Stalin and unable to win significant support from the Western Allies, the Polish Home Army was left to face the full fury of Hitler, Himmler, and the SS. The crackdown that followed was among the most brutal episodes of history's most brutal war, and the celebrated historian Alexandra Richie depicts this tragedy in riveting detail. Using a rich trove of primary sources, Richie relates the terrible experiences of individuals who fought in the uprising and perished in it. Her clear-eyed narrative reveals the fraught choices and complex legacy of some of World War II's most unsung heroes.

The Warsaw Uprising Of 1944 by Charles River Editors

Title The Warsaw Uprising of 1944
Author Charles River Editors
Publisher Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release Date 2016-07-25
Category
Total Pages 84
ISBN 1535467800
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

*Includes pictures *Includes accounts of the uprising from both sides *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents "When we crush the uprising, Warsaw will get what it deserves: total annihilation." - Adolf Hitler "I kneel before the heroes who fought in Warsaw, however I think that the uprising was the biggest and most reckless catastrophe of Poland." - General Wladyslaw Anders After a brief revival following World War I, during which it successfully defeated a Soviet attempt to invade in an effort to carry "international revolution" into Germany and Central Europe, Poland once again fell victim to its neighbors in 1939. Adolf Hitler's Third Reich and Josef Stalin's USSR collaborated in the conquest, and then split Poland between them. The Germans carried out most of the fighting and gained the choicest parts of the nation. As a penetratingly bitter New York Times editorial stated on September 18th, 1939, "Germany having killed the prey, Soviet Russia will seize that part of the carcass that Germany cannot use. It will play the noble role of hyena to the German lion. This gross betrayal of the professions that Soviet Russia has been making for years is being defended in the manner with which the world has now grown sickeningly familiar. Because Poland has 'virtually ceased to exist, ' Russia is free to break every treaty with it (Sword, 1991, 292). The Germans instituted oppressive rule in their portion of Poland, executing some 7,000 people on political grounds and imprisoning thousands of others. 1.5 million Poles became forced laborers in Germany, and though seldom noted, the Soviets applied equally brutal methods in their sector, executing 22,000 Polish officers at the Katyn Forest Massacre. NKVD death squads murdered 40,000 civilians and deported 1.4 million people to Siberia and other remote areas, from which a sizable percentage never returned alive. As the Soviets began to push the Germans back west, the Red Army plunged headlong into Poland in late June 1944 on the heels of German Army Group Center's retreating forces. The British urged the AK to cooperate with the Soviets, but the Russians wanted Poland and treated the Resistance as enemy partisans. The NKVD arrested AK members by the thousands, executing their leaders out of hand. By late July, the Polish government in exile thought it was time to order the AK to lead an uprising in Warsaw. The sight of German units retreating, and Soviet tanks seen on July 31st very close to the city, prompted the order to openly retake Poland's capital for the nation. Unfortunately, it was a decision also predicated on a naively optimistic faith in Anglo-American support. As a result, the Poles fought bravely but futilely in August and September against the Nazis, and the Nazis, as they so often did, mercilessly destroyed the city causing the trouble. Heinrich Himmler, the head of the notorious SS, told his men, "The city must completely disappear from the surface of the earth and serve only as a transport station for the Wehrmacht. No stone can remain standing. Every building must be razed to its foundation." In fact, the Germans had intended to destroy Warsaw from the beginning of the war, and they were terribly successful. One Allied pilot recalled, "There was no difficulty in finding Warsaw. It was visible from 100 kilometers away. The city was in flames but with so many huge fires burning, it was almost impossible to pick up the target marker flares." It's estimated that up to 200,000 Poles were killed in the process, and to top it all off, the Soviets arrested and executed countless more after the Nazis were finally gone. The Warsaw Uprising of 1944: The History of the Polish Resistance's Failed Attempt to Liberate Poland's Capital from Nazi Germany looks at the events that led to the uprising and the Nazi destruction of the city.

A Memoir Of The Warsaw Uprising by Miron Bialoszewski

Title A Memoir of the Warsaw Uprising
Author Miron Bialoszewski
Publisher New York Review of Books
Release Date 2015-10-27
Category Biography & Autobiography
Total Pages 288
ISBN 9781590176979
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

On August 1, 1944, Miron Białoszewski, later to gain renown as one of Poland’s most innovative poets, went out to run an errand for his mother and ran into history. With Soviet forces on the outskirts of Warsaw, the Polish capital revolted against five years of Nazi occupation, an uprising that began in a spirit of heroic optimism. Sixty-three days later it came to a tragic end. The Nazis suppressed the insurgents ruthlessly, reducing Warsaw to rubble while slaughtering some 200,000 people, mostly through mass executions. The Red Army simply looked on. Białoszewski’s blow-by-blow account of the uprising brings it alive in all its desperate urgency. Here we are in the shoes of a young man slipping back and forth under German fire, dodging sniper bullets, collapsing with exhaustion, rescuing the wounded, burying the dead. An indispensable and unforgettable act of witness, A Memoir of the Warsaw Uprising is also a major work of literature. Białoszewski writes in short, stabbing, splintered, breathless sentences attuned to “the glaring identity of ‘now.’” His pages are full of a white-knuckled poetry that resists the very destruction it records. Madeline G. Levine has extensively revised her 1977 translation, and passages that were unpublishable in Communist Poland have been restored.

Title The Civilian Population and the Warsaw Uprising of 1944
Author Joanna K. M. Hanson
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release Date 2004-08-12
Category History
Total Pages 364
ISBN 0521531195
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book analyses of their reaction to the battle itself and to its political and diplomatic implications. It is a study, where possible, of public opinion. The first chapter of the book is a detailed description of life in occupied Warsaw from 1939 to 1944, as this forms an indispensable background to the work.

Kaia Heroine Of The 1944 Warsaw Rising by Aleksandra Ziolkowska-Boehm

Title Kaia Heroine of the 1944 Warsaw Rising
Author Aleksandra Ziolkowska-Boehm
Publisher Lexington Books
Release Date 2012-05-04
Category Biography & Autobiography
Total Pages 232
ISBN 9780739172711
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Kaia, Heroine of the 1944 Warsaw Rising tells the story of one woman, whose life encompasses a century of Polish history. From Siberia, to the German occupation of Poland, to the Warsaw Rising, to a Soviet prison, to the rebuilding of postwar Warsaw—Kaia’s memories are given life and context in this biography that sheds light not only on her life, but on twentieth-century Poland, as well.

Rising 44 by Norman Davies

Title Rising 44
Author Norman Davies
Publisher Pan Macmillan
Release Date 2008-09-04
Category History
Total Pages 86
ISBN 9780330475747
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Rising '44 is a brilliant narrative account of one of the most dramatic episodes in 20th century history, drawing on Davies' unique understanding of the issues and characters involved. In August 1944 Warsaw offered the Wehrmacht the last line of defence against the Red Army's march from Moscow to Berlin. When the Red Army reached the river Vistula, the people of Warsaw believed that liberation had come. The Resistance took to the streets in celebration, but the Soviets remained where they were, allowing the Wehrmacht time to regroup and Hitler to order that the city of Warsaw be razed to the ground. For 63 days the Resistance fought on in the cellars and the sewers. Defenceless citizens were slaughtered in their tens of thousands. One by one the City's monuments were reduced to rubble, watched by Soviet troops on the other bank of the river. The Allies expressed regret but decided that there was nothing to be done, Poland would not be allowed to be governed by Poles. The sacrifice was in vain and the Soviet tanks rolled in to the flattened city. It is a hugely dramatic story, vividly and authoritatively told by one of our greatest historians.

The Warsaw Rising Of 1944 by Jan M. Ciechanowski

Title The Warsaw Rising of 1944
Author Jan M. Ciechanowski
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release Date 2002-05-16
Category History
Total Pages 348
ISBN 0521894417
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Why did the Polish underground Home Army call for what proved to be a suicidal uprising? Why did they decide that their poorly armed troops should alone liberate Warsaw shortly before the Soviet entry into the capital? Why were the approaching Russians not informed? Why did the Red Army fail to take Warsaw in the first days of August 1944 as both Stalin and Bor-Kornorowski had anticipated? Dr Ciechanowski examines in detail the political, diplomatic, ideological and military background of the Rising and the events and decisions which immediately preceded it. He traces in turn: the main aspects of Polish politics, strategy and diplomacy during the whole of the Second World War. It is based primarily on unpublished Polish contemporary documents and on interviews with highly placed participants in, and witnesses of, the Warsaw Rising. It provides a definitive account of why the Rising took place and is an extremely important contribution to the history of the Second World War.

Title The Warsaw Uprising 1 August 2 October 1944
Author George Bruce
Publisher HarperCollins Publishers
Release Date 1972
Category Warsaw (Poland)
Total Pages 224
ISBN UOM:39015000671530
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title The Civilian Population and the Warsaw Uprising of 1944
Author Joanna K. M. Hanson
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release Date 2004-08-12
Category History
Total Pages 364
ISBN 0521531195
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book analyses of their reaction to the battle itself and to its political and diplomatic implications. It is a study, where possible, of public opinion. The first chapter of the book is a detailed description of life in occupied Warsaw from 1939 to 1944, as this forms an indispensable background to the work.

Title The Foreign Office and the Warsaw Uprising of 1944
Author Andrzej Janusz Matyla
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2000
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN OCLC:911152561
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Days Of Adversity by Evan McGilvray

Title Days of Adversity
Author Evan McGilvray
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2016-09-15
Category
Total Pages 256
ISBN 1911096737
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This work is a re-examination of the decisions regarding the 1944 Warsaw Uprising made by the leadership of the underground Polish Army (AK), as well as the questionable attitudes of senior Polish commanders in exile in London. The questions raised are, was the uprising necessary and why was it so poorly conducted by a totally indifferent leadership? The challenge is made that the Polish leaders in Warsaw and in London were clearly unfeeling. In Warsaw the uprising was allowed to happen and was doomed from the very beginning owing to poor generalship. The Soviets can be seen rather than to have betrayed the Poles, to have behaved in the same manner as they had always behaved to the Poles and Poland, that is underhanded and with great deceit. Therefore why did the Warsaw Poles rise up when encouraged by the Soviets? The Poles should have known that it was a trick. Despite plans laid down by the Allies to support such uprisings, as had been the case in Paris during August 1944, the Red Army watched the AK be destroyed by the Germans, to save themselves the same job. Once the uprising failed, the Polish leadership went into what could only be described as 'genteel' captivity, compared with the fate of hundreds of thousands of their countrymen and women who were herded out of Warsaw by German armed forces and sent to concentration camps, illegal prisoner of war camps or forced into slave labour. In the West senior Polish commanders did not consider a 100% casualty rate to be unacceptable as they pushed for Allied flights to re-supply Warsaw. This callous disregard for life was part of the lack of understanding in the leadership of the reality of the Polish situation in 1944: the war was not about Poland but the complete defeat of Germany. If Polish freedom came out of this, then good, otherwise the Allies were not going to be diverted from the constant aerial bombardment of Germany, as the Allies swept eastward and westward towards Germany. This work is supplemented with Polish sources as well as interviews with five women who had been involved in the Warsaw Uprising as young women and girls in 1944. Now in their 80s these ladies kindly granted interviews with the author in Poland during 2012.

Frantic 7 by John Radzilowski

Title Frantic 7
Author John Radzilowski
Publisher Casemate Publishers
Release Date 2017-09-19
Category History
Total Pages 208
ISBN 9781612005614
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

An “amazingly detailed” and “inspiring” account of the only daytime air expedition to help Polish freedom fighters during World War II (Books Monthly). The Frantic operations were conceived in late 1943 during World War II, making Soviet airfields accessible to long-range American aircraft based in Italy and later England. Yet Stalin had to be persuaded by the United States to let them use Frantic to drop supplies to the Poles after the Warsaw Uprising began in 1944. On September 18, 1944, American B-17 Flying Fortresses, supported by fighter planes, dropped arms, ammunition, medical supplies, and food over the city of Warsaw. The assistance came too late and had no bearing on the situation of the Polish freedom fighters in Warsaw, but the events of that day—and the courage of 1,220 airmen who risked their lives—are still remembered by the Poles of Warsaw. “A thoroughly researched, impressively detailed, and exceptionally well written history,” this book gives a full narrative of the Frantic 7 operation itself (Midwest Book Review). Using firsthand accounts of the events from the freedom fighters on the ground in Warsaw, the fates of the young aircrew, in particular those of “I’ll Be Seeing You,” are told in detail. It also sets Frantic 7 in its political context and explains how the diplomatic wrangles helped set the stage for the breakdown in relations between the Soviet Union and the United States—and the beginning of the path to the Cold War.

Poland Alone by Jonathan Walker

Title Poland Alone
Author Jonathan Walker
Publisher The History Press
Release Date 2011-08-26
Category History
Total Pages 192
ISBN 9780752469430
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Poland was the 'tripwire' that brought Britain into the Second World War but neither Britain, nor Poland's older ally, France, had the material means to prevent Poland being overrun. The broadcast, 'Poland is no longer alone' had a distinctly hollow ring. During the next four years the Polish Government in exile and armed forces made a significant contribution to the Allied war effort; in return the Polish Home Army received a paltry 600 tons of supplies. Poland Alone focuses on the climactic year of 1944 when the Polish Resistance attempted to gain control of Warsaw from the Germans. A bloody uprising ensued, but little help was received from the Allies. After the Warsaw Poles were massacred, the Red Army finally moved into the city and then occupied the whole country. Jonathan Walker examines whether Britain could have done more to save the Polish people and the victims of the Holocaust. While Allied political and military leaders clashed over the level of support for the Poles, SOE, RAF and Intelligence personnel fought a bitter covert war to help the Polish resistance fighters. The War ended with over five million Poles dead. Had Britain betrayed her ally?

The Art Of Commemoration by Titus Ensink

Title The Art of Commemoration
Author Titus Ensink
Publisher John Benjamins Publishing
Release Date 2003-01-01
Category Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Pages 245
ISBN 9027226970
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Art of Commemoration focuses on a particular historical event that illustrates how nations define their own identities and establish mutual relations in their discourse: the Warsaw Uprising of August 1944 and its Commemoration in 1994. This Commemoration was an innovative and unique form of transnational communication because it brought together representative speakers from all parties involved. They considered the commemorated event from different perspectives: the victim (Poland), the former enemy (Germany) and the former allies (England, USA, France and other countries, as well as Russia which liberated Poland but had not supported the Uprising). A letter from the Pope added a Catholic perspective. The 'art of commemoration' consists in invoking the past events from one's own perspective while simultaneously considering the other perspectives, as well as in making sense of the past and present at the same time. This volume analyses the artful way in which the speakers coped with these complexities in a full discourse analytic reconstruction of each address.

W Hour by Arthur Ney

Title W Hour
Author Arthur Ney
Publisher Azrieli Foundation
Release Date 2014-09-01
Category Social Science
Total Pages 204
ISBN 9781897470848
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Arthur Ney, a twelve-year-old smuggler outside the Warsaw ghetto walls when the ghetto uprising began in the spring of 1943, fled to the countryside with false papers to work on a farm. Almost a year later, he returned to Warsaw and faced the realization that his family was gone. Under the protection of the Salesian Fathers as a "Christian" boy, he struggled with loneliness, guilt, fear and indecision regarding his "dual identity." When the Warsaw Uprising began on August 1, 1944, then fourteen-year-old Arthur Ney joined the barricades and fought the Germans -- W Hour is the code name for the Uprising.

The Eagle Unbowed by Halik Kochanski

Title The Eagle Unbowed
Author Halik Kochanski
Publisher Harvard University Press
Release Date 2012-11-13
Category History
Total Pages 782
ISBN 9780674071056
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

World War II gripped Poland as it did no other country. Invaded by Germany and the USSR, it was occupied from the first day of war to the last, and then endured 44 years behind the Iron Curtain while its wartime partners celebrated their freedom. The Eagle Unbowed tells, for the first time, the story of Poland’s war in its entirety and complexity.

Title Warsaw Uprising 1944
Author Anonim
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2014
Category Poland
Total Pages 26
ISBN OCLC:1028746851
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Warsaw Ii by Norbert Bacyk

Title Warsaw II
Author Norbert Bacyk
Publisher Leandoer & Ekholm Forlag
Release Date 2009
Category History
Total Pages 272
ISBN 9197589543
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

It is a common misunderstanding that the Red army, on Stalin's order, halted outside Warsaw in August 1944 to let the German troops suppress the Polish uprising in the capital. Joseph Stalin of course didn't want to let a pro-British Polish government get a foothold in Warsaw. The fact is that on the last day of July (the night before the start of the uprising) the Red Army was on their way into Praga (the east part of Warsaw on the east bank of Vistula) when the German troops put in a violent counterattack. This started the bitter fight that came to be called The Battle for Praga, which is virtually unknown in Western military history publishing.

Title The Polish Underground and the Jews 1939 1945
Author Joshua D. Zimmerman
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release Date 2015-06-05
Category History
Total Pages 474
ISBN 9781107014268
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Zimmerman examines the attitude and behavior of the Polish Underground towards the Jews during the Holocaust.