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Title The Roman Foundations of the Law of Nations
Author Benedict Kingsbury
Publisher Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date 2010-12-09
Category History
Total Pages 382
ISBN 9780199599875
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book explores ways in which both the theory and the practice of international politics was built upon Roman private and public law foundations on a variety of issues including the organization and limitation of war, peace settlements, embassies, commerce, and shipping.

The Law Of Nations by Emer de Vattel

Title The Law of Nations
Author Emer de Vattel
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1852
Category International law
Total Pages 656
ISBN STANFORD:36105044431752
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

War For Peace by Murad Idris

Title War for Peace
Author Murad Idris
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date 2018-12-03
Category Political Science
Total Pages 336
ISBN 9780190658014
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Peace is a universal ideal, but its political life is a great paradox: "peace" is the opposite of war, but it also enables war. If peace is the elimination of war, then what does it mean to wage war for the sake of peace? What does peace mean when some say that they are committed to it but that their enemies do not value it? Why is it that associating peace with other ideals, like justice, friendship, security, and law, does little to distance peace from war? Although political theory has dealt extensively with most major concepts that today define "the political" it has paid relatively scant critical attention to peace, the very concept that is often said to be the major aim and ideal of humanity. In War for Peace, Murad Idris looks at the ways that peace has been treated across the writings of ten thinkers from ancient and modern political thought, from Plato to Immanuel Kant and Sayyid Qutb, to produce an original and striking account of what peace means and how it works. Idris argues that peace is parasitical in that the addition of other ideals into peace, such as law, security, and friendship, reduces it to consensus and actually facilitates war; it is provincial in that its universalized content reflects particularistic desires and fears, constructions of difference, and hierarchies within humanity; and it is polemical, in that its idealization is not only the product of antagonisms, but also enables hostility. War for Peace uncovers the basis of peace's moralities and the political functions of its idealizations, historically and into the present. This bold and ambitious book confronts readers with the impurity of peace as an ideal, and the pressing need to think beyond universal peace.

Title The Laws of War in International Thought
Author Pablo Kalmanovitz
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date 2020-09-14
Category Law
Total Pages 208
ISBN 9780198790259
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Two broad competing normative conceptions of war can be distinguished in the history of legal and political thought. The first and nowadays more familiar belongs to the tradition of "just war." It sees war as an instrument of justice, indeed the most extreme form of supra-national lawenforcement, justified only in the most serious cases of violation of right. The second conception has been labelled "lawful", "legitimate", or "regular war", where war is not enforcement of justice, but a legally regulated procedure governing the pursuit of conflicting legitimate claims amongequal and autonomous political entities.This book sheds light on the relationship between law and morals in armed conflict, and can be read as a historical argument against the disappearance of the regular war concept. Kalmanovitz highlights three important contemporary challenges: the juridification of aggression and the "turn to ethics"in international law; the progressive individualization of war; and the predominance of asymmetrical warfare and armed nonstate actors.This study of the regular war tradition brings historical and theoretical perspective to these recent conceptual transformations, which undermine the fundamental and long-standing distinction between war and police action. It contributes to clarify the stakes in the erosion of internationalpluralism and the normative depoliticization of war. In revisiting the regular war tradition, a clearer sense of these ongoing transformations is realised, inspiring fresh perspectives on the justifiability of war.

Consuls And Captives by Erica Heinsen-Roach

Title Consuls and Captives
Author Erica Heinsen-Roach
Publisher Changing Perspectives on Early
Release Date 2019
Category History
Total Pages 258
ISBN 9781580469746
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Analyzes how negotiations between Dutch consuls and North African rulers over the liberation of Dutch sailors helped create a new diplomatic order in the western Mediterranean.

The Humanity Of Universal Crime by Assistant Professor of Political Science Sinja Graf

Title The Humanity of Universal Crime
Author Assistant Professor of Political Science Sinja Graf
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date 2021-03
Category Law
Total Pages 276
ISBN 9780197535707
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

""Crimes against humanity" has become integral to contemporary political and legal discourse. The conceptual core of the term - an act offending against all of mankind -, however, runs deep in the history in international political thought. In an original excavation of this history, The Politics of Universal Crime examines theoretical mobilizations of the idea of "universal crime" in colonial and post-colonial contexts. The book demonstrates the overlooked centrality of humanity and criminality to political liberalism's historical engagement with world politics, thereby breaking with the exhaustively studied status of individual rights in liberal thought. It is argued that invocations of universal crime project humanity as a normatively integrated, yet minimally inclusive and hierarchically structured subject. Such visions of humanity have in turn underwritten justifications of foreign rule and outsider intervention based on claims to an injury universally suffered by all mankind. The study foregrounds the "political productivity" of universal crime that entails distinct figures, relationships and forms of authority and agency. The book traces this argument through European political theorists' deployments of universal crime in assessing the legitimacy of colonial rule and foreign intervention in non-European societies. Analyzing John Locke's notion of universal crime in the context of English colonialism, the concept's retooled circulation during the nineteenth century and contemporary cosmopolitanism's reliance on 'crimes against humanity', it identifies an 'inclusionary Eurocentrism' that subtends the authorizing and coercive dimensions of universal crime. Unlike much-studied 'exclusionary Eurocentrist' thinking, 'inclusionary Eurocentrist' arguments have historically extended an unequal, repressive 'recognition via liability' to non-European peoples"--

The Wars Of The Romans by Alberico Gentili

Title The Wars of the Romans
Author Alberico Gentili
Publisher Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date 2011-02-24
Category History
Total Pages 388
ISBN 9780199600519
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

"A project of the Institute for International Law and Justice at New York University School of Law"

Commentaries On The Laws Of England by Sir William Blackstone

Title Commentaries on the Laws of England
Author Sir William Blackstone
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1852
Category Law
Total Pages 86
ISBN UOM:35112203969276
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Title The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
Author Edward Gibbon
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1857
Category Byzantine Empire
Total Pages 677
ISBN NYPL:33433081571113
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Legal Foundations Of Capitalism by John Rogers Commons

Title Legal Foundations of Capitalism
Author John Rogers Commons
Publisher The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
Release Date 2012-06-01
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 394
ISBN 9781584775973
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

One of his most important American studies of labor economics published in the twentieth century, this book outlines an evolutionary and behavioral theory of value based on data drawn from court decisions. Analyzing the meaning of reasonable value as defined by the courts, he finds that the answer is based on a notion of reasonable conduct. Expanding this point to encompass the habits and customs of social life, he shows that court decisions are based on customs that are powerful forces shaping the economic system. In an early review Wesley Mitchell declared that Commons [1862-1945] carried this "analysis further along his chosen line than any of his predecessors. Into our knowledge of capitalism he has incorporated a great body of new materials which no one else has used adequately.": American Economic Review, XIV (1924) 253.

Discourses On Livy by Niccolò Machiavelli

Title Discourses on Livy
Author Niccolò Machiavelli
Publisher University of Chicago Press
Release Date 2009-02-27
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 424
ISBN 0226500330
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Discourses on Livy is the founding document of modern republicanism, and Harvey C. Mansfield and Nathan Tarcov have provided the definitive English translation of this classic work. Faithful to the original Italian text, properly attentive to Machiavelli's idiom and subtlety of thought, it is eminently readable. With a substantial introduction, extensive explanatory notes, a glossary of key words, and an annotated index, the Discourses reveals Machiavelli's radical vision of a new science of politics, a vision of "new modes and orders" that continue to shape the modern ethos. "[Machiavelli] found in Livy the means to inspire scholars for five centuries. Within the Discourses, often hidden and sometimes unintended by their author, lie the seeds of modern political thought. . . . [Mansfield and Tarcov's] translation is careful and idiomatic."—Peter Stothard, The Times "Translated with painstaking accuracy—but also great readability."—Weekly Standard "A model of contemporary scholarship and a brave effort at Machiavelli translation that allows the great Florentine to speak in his own voice."—Choice

Roman Law In The State Of Nature by Benjamin Straumann

Title Roman Law in the State of Nature
Author Benjamin Straumann
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release Date 2015-02-12
Category History
Total Pages 283
ISBN 9781107092907
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Offers a new interpretation of the foundations of Hugo Grotius' highly influential doctrine of natural law and natural rights.

Title Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World
Author Jack Weatherford
Publisher Broadway Books
Release Date 2005
Category Biography & Autobiography
Total Pages 312
ISBN 9780609809648
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

A re-evaluation of Genghis Khan's rise to power examines the reforms the conqueror instituted throughout his empire and his uniting of East and West, which set the foundation for the nation-states and economic systems of the modern era.

The Law Of Obligations by Reinhard Zimmermann

Title The Law of Obligations
Author Reinhard Zimmermann
Publisher Clarendon Press
Release Date 1996
Category Law
Total Pages 1241
ISBN 019876426X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Dealing specifically with the Roman roots of the civilian tradition, this book confines itself to the traditional core areas of the law of obligations and its subject matter is purely the substantive private law.

Essays On The Progress Of Nations by Ezra Champion Seaman

Title Essays on the Progress of Nations
Author Ezra Champion Seaman
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1852
Category Economic history
Total Pages 631
ISBN HARVARD:32044011468709
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Communities In Action by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Title Communities in Action
Author National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 2017-04-27
Category Medical
Total Pages 582
ISBN 9780309452960
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.