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Title The Revolutionary Phenotype The amazing story of how life begins and how it ends
Author J. -F. Gariépy
Publisher Lulu.com
Release Date 2019-04-10
Category Science
Total Pages 142
ISBN 9780359570799
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Revolutionary Phenotype is a science book that brings us four billion years into the past, when the first living molecules showed up on Planet Earth. Unlike what was previously thought, we learn that DNA-based life did not emerge from random events in a primordial soup. Indeed, the first molecules of DNA were fabricated by a previous life form. By describing the fascinating events referred to as Phenotypic Revolutions, this book provides a dire warning to humanity: if humans continue to play with their own genes, we will be the next life form to fall to our own creation.

The Selfish Gene by Charles Simonyi Professor of the Public Understanding of Science Richard Dawkins

Title The Selfish Gene
Author Charles Simonyi Professor of the Public Understanding of Science Richard Dawkins
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date 1989
Category Literary Criticism
Total Pages 352
ISBN 0192860925
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

An ethologist shows man to be a gene machine whose world is one of savage competition and deceit

The Gene by Siddhartha Mukherjee

Title The Gene
Author Siddhartha Mukherjee
Publisher Simon and Schuster
Release Date 2016-05-17
Category Medical
Total Pages 608
ISBN 9781476733531
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The #1 NEW YORK TIMES Bestseller The basis for the PBS Ken Burns Documentary The Gene: An Intimate History From the Pulitzer Prize–winning author of The Emperor of All Maladies—a fascinating history of the gene and “a magisterial account of how human minds have laboriously, ingeniously picked apart what makes us tick” (Elle). "Sid Mukherjee has the uncanny ability to bring together science, history, and the future in a way that is understandable and riveting, guiding us through both time and the mystery of life itself." –Ken Burns “Dr. Siddhartha Mukherjee dazzled readers with his Pulitzer Prize-winning The Emperor of All Maladies in 2010. That achievement was evidently just a warm-up for his virtuoso performance in The Gene: An Intimate History, in which he braids science, history, and memoir into an epic with all the range and biblical thunder of Paradise Lost” (The New York Times). In this biography Mukherjee brings to life the quest to understand human heredity and its surprising influence on our lives, personalities, identities, fates, and choices. “Mukherjee expresses abstract intellectual ideas through emotional stories…[and] swaddles his medical rigor with rhapsodic tenderness, surprising vulnerability, and occasional flashes of pure poetry” (The Washington Post). Throughout, the story of Mukherjee’s own family—with its tragic and bewildering history of mental illness—reminds us of the questions that hang over our ability to translate the science of genetics from the laboratory to the real world. In riveting and dramatic prose, he describes the centuries of research and experimentation—from Aristotle and Pythagoras to Mendel and Darwin, from Boveri and Morgan to Crick, Watson and Franklin, all the way through the revolutionary twenty-first century innovators who mapped the human genome. “A fascinating and often sobering history of how humans came to understand the roles of genes in making us who we are—and what our manipulation of those genes might mean for our future” (Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel), The Gene is the revelatory and magisterial history of a scientific idea coming to life, the most crucial science of our time, intimately explained by a master. “The Gene is a book we all should read” (USA TODAY).

Title Beyond the Black Sea the Mysterious Paracas of Peru
Author Brien Foerster
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2018-05-12
Category
Total Pages 218
ISBN 198107418X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

An enigmatic people lived on the coast of Peru between 2700 and 2000 years ago that academia spends little time studying. In the driest part of the country which receives less than half an inch of rain per year they were enormously successful at agriculture and fishing and were very advanced as regards textile production, had the potters wheel and constructed ships of totora reed with cotton cloth sails.The most intriguing characteristic of these Paracas people was that they had elongated heads, and through my research I can state that the earliest of them, especially their nobility were born with elongated skulls; cranial deformation of their infants being performed later due to genetic mixing with normal local Homo sapiens sapiens.They also had genetically red hair, and thus were most likely light skinned and may have had green or blue eyes; thus, they were not Native Americans. Recent and extensive DNA testing shows us that they very well could have migrated from the Black Sea area as much as 3000 years ago, and sought refuge from invasion and oppression.Academia has either ignored or suppressed this information, and that is why I present it to you here.

The Extended Phenotype by Richard Dawkins

Title The Extended Phenotype
Author Richard Dawkins
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release Date 2016-09-14
Category Science
Total Pages 284
ISBN 9780192506238
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In The Selfish Gene, Richard Dawkins crystallized the gene's eye view of evolution developed by W.D. Hamilton and others. The book provoked widespread and heated debate. Written in part as a response, The Extended Phenotype gave a deeper clarification of the central concept of the gene as the unit of selection; but it did much more besides. In it, Dawkins extended the gene's eye view to argue that the genes that sit within an organism have an influence that reaches out beyond the visible traits in that body - the phenotype - to the wider environment, which can include other individuals. So, for instance, the genes of the beaver drive it to gather twigs to produce the substantial physical structure of a dam; and the genes of the cuckoo chick produce effects that manipulate the behaviour of the host bird, making it nurture the intruder as one of its own. This notion of the extended phenotype has proved to be highly influential in the way we understand evolution and the natural world. It represents a key scientific contribution to evolutionary biology, and it continues to play an important role in research in the life sciences. The Extended Phenotype is a conceptually deep book that forms important reading for biologists and students. But Dawkins' clear exposition is accessible to all who are prepared to put in a little effort. Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think.

Hitler by R. H. S. Stolfi

Title Hitler
Author R. H. S. Stolfi
Publisher Prometheus Books
Release Date 2011-12-13
Category Biography & Autobiography
Total Pages 520
ISBN 9781616144753
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This fascinating and richly detailed new biography of Hitler reinterprets the known facts about the Nazi Fuehrer to construct a convincing, realistic portrait of the man. In place of the hollow shell others have made into an icon of evil, the author sees a complex, nuanced personality. Without in any way glorifying its subject, this unique revision of the historical Hitler brings us closer to understanding a pivotal personality of the twentieth century.

Rare Earth by Peter D. Ward

Title Rare Earth
Author Peter D. Ward
Publisher Springer
Release Date 2007-05-08
Category Science
Total Pages 338
ISBN 9780387218489
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

What determines whether complex life will arise on a planet, or even any life at all? Questions such as these are investigated in this groundbreaking book. In doing so, the authors synthesize information from astronomy, biology, and paleontology, and apply it to what we know about the rise of life on Earth and to what could possibly happen elsewhere in the universe. Everyone who has been thrilled by the recent discoveries of extrasolar planets and the indications of life on Mars and the Jovian moon Europa will be fascinated by Rare Earth, and its implications for those who look to the heavens for companionship.

Life by Richard Fortey

Title Life
Author Richard Fortey
Publisher Vintage
Release Date 2011-03-23
Category Science
Total Pages 400
ISBN 9780307761187
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

By one of Britain's most gifted scientists: a magnificently daring and compulsively readable account of life on Earth (from the "big bang" to the advent of man), based entirely on the most original of all sources--the evidence of fossils. With excitement and driving intelligence, Richard Fortey guides us from the barren globe spinning in space, through the very earliest signs of life in the sulphurous hot springs and volcanic vents of the young planet, the appearance of cells, the slow creation of an atmosphere and the evolution of myriad forms of plants and animals that could then be sustained, including the magnificent era of the dinosaurs, and on to the last moment before the debut of Homo sapiens. Ranging across multiple scientific disciplines, explicating in wonderfully clear and refreshing prose their findings and arguments--about the origins of life, the causes of species extinctions and the first appearance of man--Fortey weaves this history out of the most delicate traceries left in rock, stone and earth. He also explains how, on each aspect of nature and life, scientists have reached the understanding we have today, who made the key discoveries, who their opponents were and why certain ideas won. Brimful of wit, fascinating personal experience and high scholarship, this book may well be our best introduction yet to the complex history of life on Earth. A Book-of-the-Month Club Main Selection With 32 pages of photographs

River Out Of Eden by Richard Dawkins

Title River Out of Eden
Author Richard Dawkins
Publisher Basic Books
Release Date 2008-08-04
Category Science
Total Pages 192
ISBN 0786724269
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

How did the replication bomb we call ”life” begin and where in the world, or rather, in the universe, is it heading? Writing with characteristic wit and an ability to clarify complex phenomena (the New York Times described his style as ”the sort of science writing that makes the reader feel like a genius”), Richard Dawkins confronts this ancient mystery.

Title Wonderful Life The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History
Author Stephen Jay Gould
Publisher W. W. Norton & Company
Release Date 1990-09-17
Category Science
Total Pages 352
ISBN 9780393245202
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

"[An] extraordinary book. . . . Mr. Gould is an exceptional combination of scientist and science writer. . . . He is thus exceptionally well placed to tell these stories, and he tells them with fervor and intelligence."—James Gleick, New York Times Book Review High in the Canadian Rockies is a small limestone quarry formed 530 million years ago called the Burgess Shale. It hold the remains of an ancient sea where dozens of strange creatures lived—a forgotten corner of evolution preserved in awesome detail. In this book Stephen Jay Gould explores what the Burgess Shale tells us about evolution and the nature of history.

Title Potential Risks and Benefits of Gain of Function Research
Author National Research Council
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 2015-04-13
Category Science
Total Pages 140
ISBN 9780309367868
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

On October 17, 2014, spurred by incidents at U.S. government laboratories that raised serious biosafety concerns, the United States government launched a one-year deliberative process to address the continuing controversy surrounding so-called "gain-of-function" (GOF) research on respiratory pathogens with pandemic potential. The gain of function controversy began in late 2011 with the question of whether to publish the results of two experiments involving H5N1 avian influenza and continued to focus on certain research with highly pathogenic avian influenza over the next three years. The heart of the U.S. process is an evaluation of the potential risks and benefits of certain types of GOF experiments with influenza, SARS, and MERS viruses that would inform the development and adoption of a new U.S. Government policy governing the funding and conduct of GOF research. Potential Risks and Benefits of Gain-of-Function Research is the summary of a two-day public symposia on GOF research. Convened in December 2014 by the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council, the main focus of this event was to discuss principles important for, and key considerations in, the design of risk and benefit assessments of GOF research. Participants examined the underlying scientific and technical questions that are the source of current discussion and debate over GOF research involving pathogens with pandemic potential. This report is a record of the presentations and discussion of the meeting.

Do Or Die by Leon Bing

Title Do or Die
Author Leon Bing
Publisher Harper Collins
Release Date 1992-05-20
Category Social Science
Total Pages 304
ISBN 9780060922917
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Do or Die is the first insider account of teenage gangs--the lives, loves, and battles of children who kill--from the only journalist ever allowed inside this closed and dangerous world. This is no West Side Story. Welcome to a world where teenagers wear colostomy bags and have scrapbooks filled with funeral invitations; where a young man, after being shot in the chest, drives himself to the hospital; where another youngster, caught in crossfire, uses his girlfriend as a human shield; where teenage gangsters are kidnapped, tortured, and held for six-figure ransoms; where kids hum the latest movie's theme music while killing people. It's a world of clickheads, sherms, bangers, ballers, and mummyheads; a world where the strongest feelings of family come from other gang members; a world where the most potent feelings of self-worth come from murder.

The Selfish Gene by Richard Dawkins

Title The Selfish Gene
Author Richard Dawkins
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release Date 2016-05-26
Category Science
Total Pages 544
ISBN 9780191093067
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The million copy international bestseller, critically acclaimed and translated into over 25 languages. As influential today as when it was first published, The Selfish Gene has become a classic exposition of evolutionary thought. Professor Dawkins articulates a gene's eye view of evolution - a view giving centre stage to these persistent units of information, and in which organisms can be seen as vehicles for their replication. This imaginative, powerful, and stylistically brilliant work not only brought the insights of Neo-Darwinism to a wide audience, but galvanized the biology community, generating much debate and stimulating whole new areas of research. Forty years later, its insights remain as relevant today as on the day it was published. This 40th anniversary edition includes a new epilogue from the author discussing the continuing relevance of these ideas in evolutionary biology today, as well as the original prefaces and foreword, and extracts from early reviews. Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think.

Beyond Alterity by Paula López Caballero

Title Beyond Alterity
Author Paula López Caballero
Publisher University of Arizona Press
Release Date 2018-04-17
Category History
Total Pages 320
ISBN 9780816535460
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

A sweeping look at the complicated concept and history of Indigeneity in Mexico--Provided by publisher.

The Sixth Extinction by Elizabeth Kolbert

Title The Sixth Extinction
Author Elizabeth Kolbert
Publisher Henry Holt and Company
Release Date 2014-02-11
Category Nature
Total Pages 336
ISBN 9780805099799
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

ONE OF THE NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW'S 10 BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR A major book about the future of the world, blending intellectual and natural history and field reporting into a powerful account of the mass extinction unfolding before our eyes Over the last half a billion years, there have been five mass extinctions, when the diversity of life on earth suddenly and dramatically contracted. Scientists around the world are currently monitoring the sixth extinction, predicted to be the most devastating extinction event since the asteroid impact that wiped out the dinosaurs. This time around, the cataclysm is us. In The Sixth Extinction, two-time winner of the National Magazine Award and New Yorker writer Elizabeth Kolbert draws on the work of scores of researchers in half a dozen disciplines, accompanying many of them into the field: geologists who study deep ocean cores, botanists who follow the tree line as it climbs up the Andes, marine biologists who dive off the Great Barrier Reef. She introduces us to a dozen species, some already gone, others facing extinction, including the Panamian golden frog, staghorn coral, the great auk, and the Sumatran rhino. Through these stories, Kolbert provides a moving account of the disappearances occurring all around us and traces the evolution of extinction as concept, from its first articulation by Georges Cuvier in revolutionary Paris up through the present day. The sixth extinction is likely to be mankind's most lasting legacy; as Kolbert observes, it compels us to rethink the fundamental question of what it means to be human.

Title The End of Books or Books Without End
Author J. Yellowlees Douglas
Publisher University of Michigan Press
Release Date 2001
Category Technology & Engineering
Total Pages 205
ISBN 0472088467
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

An exploration of the possibilities of hypertext fiction as art form and entertainment

Title The Epigenetics Revolution
Author Nessa Carey
Publisher Columbia University Press
Release Date 2012-03-06
Category Science
Total Pages 352
ISBN 9780231530712
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Epigenetics can potentially revolutionize our understanding of the structure and behavior of biological life on Earth. It explains why mapping an organism's genetic code is not enough to determine how it develops or acts and shows how nurture combines with nature to engineer biological diversity. Surveying the twenty-year history of the field while also highlighting its latest findings and innovations, this volume provides a readily understandable introduction to the foundations of epigenetics. Nessa Carey, a leading epigenetics researcher, connects the field's arguments to such diverse phenomena as how ants and queen bees control their colonies; why tortoiseshell cats are always female; why some plants need cold weather before they can flower; and how our bodies age and develop disease. Reaching beyond biology, epigenetics now informs work on drug addiction, the long-term effects of famine, and the physical and psychological consequences of childhood trauma. Carey concludes with a discussion of the future directions for this research and its ability to improve human health and well-being.

Title The God Delusion 10th Anniversary Edition
Author Richard Dawkins
Publisher Random House
Release Date 2016-05-19
Category
Total Pages 496
ISBN 9781784161934
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The God Delusion caused a sensation when it was published in 2006. Within weeks it became the most hotly debated topic, with Dawkins himself branded as either saint or sinner for presenting his hard-hitting, impassioned rebuttal of religion of all types. His argument could hardly be more topical. While Europe is becoming increasingly secularized, the rise of religious fundamentalism, whether in the Middle East or Middle America, is dramatically and dangerously dividing opinion around the world. In America, and elsewhere, a vigorous dispute between 'intelligent design' and Darwinism is seriously undermining and restricting the teaching of science. In many countries religious dogma from medieval times still serves to abuse basic human rights such as women's and gay rights. And all from a belief in a God whose existence lacks evidence of any kind. Dawkins attacks God in all his forms. He eviscerates the major arguments for religion and demonstrates the supreme improbability of a supreme being. He shows how religion fuels war, foments bigotry and abuses children. The God Delusion is a brilliantly argued, fascinating polemic that will be required reading for anyone interested in this most emotional and important subject.

Out Of Control by Kevin Kelly

Title Out Of Control
Author Kevin Kelly
Publisher Basic Books
Release Date 2009-04-30
Category Science
Total Pages 528
ISBN 9780786747030
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Out of Control chronicles the dawn of a new era in which the machines and systems that drive our economy are so complex and autonomous as to be indistinguishable from living things.