Download The Regenerative Business Ebook, Epub, Textbook, quickly and easily or read online The Regenerative Business full books anytime and anywhere. Click download or read online button and get unlimited access by create free account.

The Regenerative Business by Carol Sanford

Title The Regenerative Business
Author Carol Sanford
Publisher Nicholas Brealey
Release Date 2017-10-10
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 256
ISBN 1473669103
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

What if leaders stripped away all preconceptions about how business operates, allowing the organization to go back to its core and build itself back up to become something new-something so responsive, so innovative and resilient, it becomes virtually non-displaceable in the market? The Regenerative Business sets the stage for what is now only dreamt of by most of today's forward-thinking leaders and paves the path to make it possible. The book features: Real stories from companies leading innovation and transformation across the globe including; Google, Colgate Europe, Seventh Generation, Nike and others A logical, comprehensive approach that factors in the complexities of the modern organization The work of internationally-recognized leadership expert Carol Sanford, who for decades has been designing and leading systemic business change

The Regenerative Business by Carol Sanford

Title The Regenerative Business
Author Carol Sanford
Publisher Nicholas Brealey
Release Date 2017-10-10
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 256
ISBN 9781473669673
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

Forewords by: Cheryl Y. Kiser, Babson College & Michiel Bakker, Google Courageous leaders today are calling for a disruptive yet effective way of working: one that unlocks significant new levels of innovation, delivers enduring financial results, and creates exceptional customer loyalty while simultaneously building human capacity to contribute to on-going positive change. The good news is there is a proven, but infrequently taken, path. Through a fundamentally contrasting paradigm, Carol Sanford shows leaders why today's so-called business "best practices" undermine success-and then, how to transform their business into something so flexible, so innovative, so developmental, it becomes virtually non-displaceable in the market. The Regenerative Business is built by connecting every person in the business to the "essential core" of that business - its unique foundation for innovation and market power. This provides the fulcrum for an organizational culture that embraces the internal destabilization and discomfort that comes with responding creatively to the unfamiliar. The payoff for doing so is a motivated and innovative workforce that is prepared to take a business to the top of its industry - and stay there. Carol's work focuses on what fundamentally fuels the organization: the capacity and capabilities of the people within it and the design of work to empower them. She defines these for readers and shows that when these are internally developed, you change who people are and what they are able to take on, which she calls "promises beyond able-ness." She shows through many cases drawn from her work that by implement this all-encompassing way of working, businesses are able to have a positive impact beyond the bottom line, to the broader marketplace and the communities in which they operate.

The Regenerative Business by Carol Sanford

Title The Regenerative Business
Author Carol Sanford
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2022-01-18
Category
Total Pages 256
ISBN 1529359112
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

What if leaders stripped away all preconceptions about how business operates, allowing the organization to go back to its core and build itself back up to become something new-something so responsive, so innovative and resilient, it becomes virtually non-displaceable in the market? The Regenerative Business sets the stage for what is now only dreamt of by most of today's forward-thinking leaders and paves the path to make it possible. The book features: Real stories from companies leading innovation and transformation across the globe including; Google, Colgate Europe, Seventh Generation, Nike and others A logical, comprehensive approach that factors in the complexities of the modern organization The work of internationally-recognized leadership expert Carol Sanford, who for decades has been designing and leading systemic business change

The Regenerative Business by Carol Sanford

Title The Regenerative Business
Author Carol Sanford
Publisher Hachette UK
Release Date 2017-11-30
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 288
ISBN 9781473669093
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

What if leaders stripped away all preconceptions about how business operates, allowing the organization to go back to its core and build itself back up to become something new-something so responsive, so innovative and resilient, it becomes virtually non-displaceable in the market? The Regenerative Business sets the stage for what is now only dreamt of by most of today's forward-thinking leaders and paves the path to make it possible. The book features: -Real stories from companies leading innovation and transformation across the globe including; Google, Colgate Europe, Seventh Generation, Nike and others -A logical, comprehensive approach that factors in the complexities of the modern organization -The work of internationally-recognized leadership expert Carol Sanford, who for decades has been designing and leading systemic business change

The Regenerative Life by Carol Sanford

Title The Regenerative Life
Author Carol Sanford
Publisher Nicholas Brealey
Release Date 2020-03-10
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 240
ISBN 9781529311938
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

Dear Friends. Pay attention, please. I have no z-e-r-o doubt that The Regenerative Life will be a solid-gold winner. --Tom Peters The world often falls short of how we'd like it to be, and our ability to make even just a little difference can seem limited. Sometimes it feels like you need to be a super-hero to achieve anything meaningful. But what if by re-conceiving what you do, you could change the world for the better? In THE REGENERATIVE LIFE, Carol Sanford shows you how to fundamentally change the roles you play in society, enabling you to do more than you ever believed possible; grow yourself and others, provide astounding innovations for your clients, children and students, generate extraordinary social returns, become more creative, and bring new life and opportunity to everything around you. THE REGENERATIVE LIFE teaches you to see your roles differently: stripping away all preconceptions of how it should be done, understanding what your role is at its core, and building yourself back up to become something new; something so grounded, inspiring, and resilient, it can change the world.

Leading For Regeneration by John Hardman

Title Leading For Regeneration
Author John Hardman
Publisher Routledge
Release Date 2013-07-03
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 208
ISBN 9781136580093
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

This book presents the regenerative leadership framework that has emerged from doctoral research and consulting work with successful sustainability leaders and their organizations in business, education, and community. The framework synthesizes the levels of awareness, the leadership styles and behaviours, and the organizational arrangements that correlate most significantly across these domains. Most importantly, the overwhelming majority of the leaders in this work agree that individual and collective consciousness development is critical to transforming the culture of organizations for sustainability and beyond. The term regenerative has not been chosen arbitrarily, but to provide an alternative to the notion of sustainability, which many of the leaders featured here indicate has become insufficient to describe what needs to be done, economically, socially, and environmentally, if we are to ensure a flourishing world for present and future generations. This work in turn has led to the development of the Regenerative Capacity Index (RCI), a tool designed to assess an organization’s readiness to engage in regenerative practice. From this evaluation of an organization’s regenerative capacity, it becomes possible to design a strategy for regeneration that considers all levels of its environmental, social, and economic impact, both internally and externally, in the local and global community. Among its major findings, the book argues that the more evolved sustainability leaders are becoming increasingly dissatisfied with the construct of sustainability, and indicate the need for a profound cultural shift towards regenerative human systems. In this framework, regenerative organizations are driven by a sense higher purpose, and leadership is exercised horizontally and collaboratively. Leaders and followers engage in generative conversations to create desirable futures which are then ‘backcasted’ to eliminate unanticipated consequences. Throughout, leaders emphasize the critical importance of engaging in personal and collective consciousness development or "inner work" in order to make regenerative practices possible.

Title Regenerative Enterprise Optimizing for Multi capital Abundance
Author Ethan Roland
Publisher Lulu Press, Inc
Release Date 2015-04-29
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 25
ISBN 9781329065222
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

In a world of damaged ecological and social systems, with a fragile global economy and a rapidly changing climate, business as we know it must evolve or perish. It is no longer acceptable to create financial profits by extracting the foundational living wealth of our lands and waters. Enterprises need a new model with which to interpret the world, and a new process for whole-systems design and decision-making. The 8 Forms of Capital is that model. By articulating the multiple forms of capital with which we transact every day, it opens the door for an evolutionary approach to economics and profits. Regenerative Enterprise defines the difference between degenerative, sustainable, and regenerative systems. It articulates the four factors of a regenerative enterprise, and the principles for designing regenerative enterprise ecologies. The Regenerative Enterprise Institute also offers coaching and consulting services to enterprises and corporations that want to take the leap to regeneration.

Title The Responsible Entrepreneur
Author Carol Sanford
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Release Date 2014-06-23
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 224
ISBN 9781118910719
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

"Individuals, acting on deeply held beliefs and passion, are boldly imagining and bringing into existence a different world... Whether you're a business entrepreneur, a social entrepreneur, an investment entrepreneur, or an academic, artistic, or civil servant entrepreneur, devour this important and wise book."—From the Foreword by John Fullerton Responsible entrepreneurs are a special breed, seeking to transform industries and even society itself. They challenge and refine cultural assumptions, laws, regulations, and even the processes of governance. This requires them to do and think far beyond what is usually required of business leaders. The Responsible Entrepreneur offers a blueprint for this new kind of business leadership, describing the means by which any entrepreneur can pursue a higher order of work. In it, Carol Sanford, one of the most trusted names in responsible business development, brings her vast expertise in helping executives and corporations to the entrepreneur looking to launch and scale a venture. She maps this journey through four archetypes: The Realizing Entrepreneur: Industry Game-Changer The Reconnection Entrepreneur: Society Game-Changer The Reciprocity Entrepreneur: Culture Game-Changer The Regenerative Entrepreneur: Governance Game-Changer By understanding the archetype most aligned with their goals, entrepreneurs will learn how to grow their business into a powerful platform that can leverage change, and even change the foundations that create our most pressing problems and issues. To illustrate these principles in action, The Responsible Entrepreneur features case studies based on long-term work and in-depth interviews with Google Innovation Labs, Indigenous Designs (the primary supplier for Eileen Fisher), FishPeople (who supply Costco and Google with gourmet seafood entrees), and many more. For entrepreneurs seeking to pursue world-changing results, or impact investors looking to align their capital with their values, The Responsible Entrepreneur provides the frameworks to build a business and to evaluate and direct investments to create the greatest benefit for all stakeholders. For anyone who wants to make a difference in the way businesses affect the world, The Responsible Entrepreneur lays out ways to make that aspiration focused and doable.

Title Regenerative Leadership
Author Laura Storm
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2019-07
Category
Total Pages 368
ISBN 1783241195
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

This book by leadership and sustainability experts Giles Hutchins and Laura Storm provides an exciting and comprehensive framework for building regenerative life-affirming businesses. It offers a multitude of business cases, fascinating examples from nature's living systems, insights from the front-line pioneers and tools and techniques for leaders to succeed and thrive in the 21st century. Regenerative Leadership draws inspiration from pioneering thinking within biomimicry, circular economy, adult developmental psychology, anthropology, biophilia, sociology, complexity theory and next-stage leadership development. It connects the dots between these fields through a powerful framework that enables leadership to become regenerative: in harmony with life, building thriving, prosperous organizations amid transformational times. The book is a combination of theoretical frameworks, case studies, tools & practices: Everything the leader needs to be successful in the 21st century. Regenerative Leadership - what's it all about? While the future is uncertain, we clearly see an upward trend towards sustainable conscious business. And this is more than just a trend - we're witnessing a new kind of organization emerging. An organization which is able to rapidly sense and respond to the ever-changing business climate by innovating how and why it creates and delivers value, and the way it engages internally and externally with its ecosystem of employees, customers, suppliers, resources, investors, society and environment. This new kind of organization is the organization-as-living-system that is designed on the Logic of Life: life-affirming businesses that thrive from the inside out, by cultivating conditions conducive for life, internally and externally. These organizations nurture flourishing cultures while focusing on products and services that enhance society and the environment. Regenerative organizations will be tomorrow's success stories. Giles Hutchins is Chairman of The Future Fit Leadership Academy, keynote speaker, executive coach and author of three critically acclaimed business books, previously Director at KPMG and Global Head of Sustainability Solutions for Atos Origin. He is co-founding partner of Regenerators. Laura Storm has spent her entire career working in the intersection between business, leadership, sustainability, climate change policy and innovation. She has started and led multiple international organizations focused on the global transformation to sustainability - including Copenhagen Climate Council, World Business Summit on Climate Change and Sustainia. She has been awarded the title "Worldchanger" by Greenbiz, is a World Economic Forum Young Global Leader and Sustainability Expert, sits on many boards and is founder of Regenerators.

The Responsible Business by Carol Sanford

Title The Responsible Business
Author Carol Sanford
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Release Date 2011-02-23
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 368
ISBN 0470948612
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

"When most people think of corporate responsibility, they are focusing on a business's effect on and relationship to stakeholders. A Responsible Business sees stakeholders as full partners and meaningful instruments for the evolution of healthier communities and more successful businesses." —from the Introduction The Responsible Business offers a new and strategic approach to doing business that holistically integrates responsibility into all aspects of an organization, allowing for returns at every level, business and social. This book goes beyond the often well intentioned but limited attempts at sustainability to present a framework that allows organizations to bring responsibility into everything they do and re-imagine success. From innovation, product development, and production processes to business management, strategic planning, and shareholder development, the author shows how being a Responsible Business is a practical skill that can be applied day-to-day at every level of the business. No longer just the role of a department or the job of CSR professionals, successful responsibility and business efforts start at the business level, are then taken to the corporate level, and are finally applied throughout the organization. The Responsible Business outlines a framework for building a responsibility and consciousness infrastructure that applies a living systems view to the business and inspires all of its stakeholders, including shareholders. Throughout the book, illustrated by examples from technology to manufacturing, large and small, public and private, Sanford demonstrates how to make responsibility integral to all aspects of a business as an engine for innovation, profitability, and purpose. Praise for The Responsible Business "This is a very significant book. It makes it clear that businesses have a single boss with five interrelated aspects. The stories are among the crispest, most evocative case histories I have seen. The book is for any corporate leader trying to do the impossible: create a business that recreates the world." —Art Kleiner, editor-in-chief, strategy + business, and author, The Age of Heretics "Carol Sanford offers us a proven, practical, and systems-based approach that integrates five stakeholder groups into a business system working as an integral whole. Essential reading for leaders wanting a system framework for sustainability and business success!" —Otto Scharmer, MIT Sloan senior lecturer; author, Theory U: Leading from the Future as it Emerges; and coauthor, Presence "The Responsible Business challenges many assumptions corporate leaders, investment advisors, and sustainability experts have long taken for granted. It provides a road map that can help innovative businesses think about how to be truly transformational." —Sam Ford, Fast Company expert blogger and director, Peppercom "The powerful concepts in The Responsible Business have changed the process of sustainable development and how communities truly thrive. Indeed, these proven approaches will be the roadmap to truly achieve the deepest level of living communities." —Bill Reed, founding member of LEED System and coauthor, The Integrative Design Guide to Green Building "Critical for re-imagining the future of business. Rarely a day goes by that I do not call on this way of thinking and looking at the world. It is useful for taking on the big business decisions that so many of us face every day." —Chad Holliday, chairman, Bank of America

Green Swans by John Elkington

Title Green Swans
Author John Elkington
Publisher Greenleaf Book Group
Release Date 2020-04-07
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 296
ISBN 9781732439139
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

Even leading capitalists admit that capitalism is broken. Green Swans is a manifesto for system change designed to serve people, planet, and prosperity. In his twentieth book, John Elkington—dubbed the “Godfather of Sustainability”—explores new forms of capitalism fit for the twenty-first century. If Nassim Nicholas Taleb’s “Black Swans” are problems that can take us exponentially toward breakdown, then “Green Swans” are solutions that take us exponentially toward breakthrough. The success—and survival—of humanity now depends on how we rein in the first and accelerate the second. Green Swans draws on Elkington’s firsthand experience in some of the world’s best-known boardrooms and C-suites. Using case studies, real-world examples, and profiles on emergent technologies, Elkington shows how the weirdest “Ugly Ducklings” of today’s world may turn into tomorrow’s world-saving Green Swans. This book is a must-read for business leaders in corporations great and small who want to help their businesses survive the coming shift in global priorities over the next decade and expand their horizons from responsibility, through resilience, and onto regeneration.

Title Regenerative Development and Design
Author Regenesis Group
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Release Date 2016-09-06
Category Architecture
Total Pages 272
ISBN 9781118972861
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

The evolution of sustainability, with a practical framework for integration Regenerative Development and Design takes sustainability to the next level, and provides a framework for incorporating regenerative design principles into your current process. The Regenesis Group is a coalition of experienced design, land-use, planning, business, and development professionals who represent the forefront of the movement; in this book, they explain what regenerative development is, how and why it works, and how you can incorporate the fundamental principles into your practice. A clear, focused framework shows you how to merge regenerative concepts with your existing work, backed by numerous examples that guide practical application while illustrating regenerative design and development in action. As the most comprehensive and systemic approach to regenerative development, this book is a must-have resource for architects, planners, and designers seeking the next step in sustainability. Regenerative design and development positions humans as co-creative and mutually-evolving participants in an ecosystem—not just a built environment. This book describes how to bring that focus to your design from the earliest stages. Understand the fundamentals of regenerative design and development Learn how regenerative development contributes to sustainability Integrate regenerative development concepts into practice Examine sample designs that embody the regenerative concept To create a design with true sustainability, considerations must extend far beyond siting, materials, and efficiency. Designers must look at the place, it's inhabitants, and the purpose—the whole living ecosystem—and proceed with their work from that more humbling perspective. The finished product should itself be an ecosystem and sustainable economy, which is the root of the regenerative development approach. Sustainability has evolved, and the designer's responsibility has increased in kind. Regenerative Development and Design provides an authoritative resource for those ready to take the next step forward.

Designing Regenerative Cultures by Daniel Christian Wahl

Title Designing Regenerative Cultures
Author Daniel Christian Wahl
Publisher Triarchy Press
Release Date 2016-05-01
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 288
ISBN 9781909470798
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

This is a ‘Whole Earth Catalog’ for the 21st century: an impressive and wide-ranging analysis of what’s wrong with our societies, organizations, ideologies, worldviews and cultures – and how to put them right. The book covers the finance system, agriculture, design, ecology, economy, sustainability, organizations and society at large.

No More Feedback by Carol Sanford

Title No More Feedback
Author Carol Sanford
Publisher Interoctave, Incorporated
Release Date 2019-01-07
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 190
ISBN 0989301311
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

"Utilizing examples from Carol's decades of work, learn the flaws in the feedback trap and build conditions for employees to flourish for long-term success."--Back cover.

Title Regenerative Urban Development Climate Change and the Common Good
Author Beth Schaefer Caniglia
Publisher Routledge
Release Date 2019-08-06
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 284
ISBN 9781351367349
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

This volume focuses on the theory and practice of the regenerative development paradigm that is rapidly displacing sustainability as the most fertile ground for climate change adaptation research. This book brings together key thinkers in this field to develop a meaningful synthesis between the existing practice of regenerative development and the input of scholars in the social sciences. It begins by providing an expert introduction to the history, principles, and practices of regenerative development before going on to present a thorough theoretical examination by known theorists from disciplines including sociology, geography, and ethics. A section on regenerative development practices illustrates the need to significantly advance our understanding of how urbanization, climate change, and inequality interact at every scale of development work. Finally, the book ends with a serious consideration of the ways in which integrated systems thinking in higher education could result in a curriculum for the next generation of regenerative development professionals. Regenerative Urban Development, Climate Change and the Common Good will be of great interest to students, scholars, and practitioners of regenerative development, climate change, urban planning, and public policy.

All In by Khali Raymond

Title All In
Author Khali Raymond
Publisher YTER/x Surreal Dreamz Inc.
Release Date 2018-10-13
Category Poetry
Total Pages 35
ISBN 9781370355587
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

Get ready to grind! Are you willing to go out there on that field with your face paint and your helmet, up against all adversity? Take it all in this season! Khali Raymond has brought you poetry that'll get you pumped before primetime!

Title Stem Cells in Regenerative Medicine
Author Alain A. Vertes
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Release Date 2015-09-14
Category Science
Total Pages 776
ISBN 9781118846216
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

This book is a unique guide to emerging stem cell technologies and the opportunities for their commercialisation. It provides in-depth analyses of the science, business, legal, and financing fundamentals of stem cell technologies, offering a holistic assessment of this emerging and dynamic segment of the field of regenerative medicine. • Reviews the very latest advances in the technology and business of stem cells used for therapy, research, and diagnostics • Identifies key challenges to the commercialisation of stem cell technology and avenues to overcome problems in the pipeline • Written by an expert team with extensive experience in the business, basic and applied science of stem cell research This comprehensive volume is essential reading for researchers in cell biology, biotechnology, regenerative medicine, and tissue engineering, including scientists and professionals, looking to enter commercial biotechnology fields.

White Noise by Don DeLillo

Title White Noise
Author Don DeLillo
Publisher Penguin
Release Date 1999-06-01
Category Fiction
Total Pages 336
ISBN 9781440674471
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

A brilliant satire of mass culture and the numbing effects of technology, White Noise tells the story of Jack Gladney, a teacher of Hitler studies at a liberal arts college in Middle America. Jack and his fourth wife, Babette, bound by their love, fear of death, and four ultramodern offspring, navigate the rocky passages of family life to the background babble of brand-name consumerism. Then a lethal black chemical cloud, unleashed by an industrial accident, floats over there lives, an "airborne toxic event" that is a more urgent and visible version of the white noise engulfing the Gladneys—the radio transmissions, sirens, microwaves, and TV murmurings that constitute the music of American magic and dread.

Title Regeneration of the Built Environment from a Circular Economy Perspective
Author Stefano Della Torre
Publisher Springer Nature
Release Date 2019-01-01
Category Building
Total Pages 386
ISBN 9783030332563
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

This open access book explores the strategic importance and advantages of adopting multidisciplinary and multiscalar approaches of inquiry and intervention with respect to the built environment, based on principles of sustainability and circular economy strategies. A series of key challenges are considered in depth from a multidisciplinary perspective, spanning engineering, architecture, and regional and urban economics. These challenges include strategies to relaunch socioeconomic development through regenerative processes, the regeneration of urban spaces from the perspective of resilience, the development and deployment of innovative products and processes in the construction sector in order to comply more fully with the principles of sustainability and circularity, and the development of multiscale approaches to enhance the performance of both the existing building stock and new buildings. The book offers a rich selection of conceptual, empirical, methodological, technical, and case study/project-based research. It will be of value for all who have an interest in regeneration of the built environment from a circular economy perspective.

Title Routledge Handbook of Sustainable and Regenerative Food Systems
Author Jessica Duncan
Publisher Routledge
Release Date 2020-08-11
Category Social Science
Total Pages 462
ISBN 9780429882784
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

This handbook includes contributions from established and emerging scholars from around the world and draws on multiple approaches and subjects to explore the socio-economic, cultural, ecological, institutional, legal, and policy aspects of regenerative food practices. The future of food is uncertain. We are facing an overwhelming number of interconnected and complex challenges related to the ways we grow, distribute, access, eat, and dispose of food. Yet, there are stories of hope and opportunities for radical change towards food systems that enhance the ability of living things to co-evolve. Given this, activities and imaginaries looking to improve, rather than just sustain, communities and ecosystems are needed, as are fresh perspectives and new terminology. The Routledge Handbook of Sustainable and Regenerative Food Systems addresses this need. The chapters cover diverse practices, geographies, scales, and entry-points. They focus not only on the core requirements to deliver sustainable agriculture and food supply, but go beyond this to think about how these can also actively participate with social-ecological systems. The book is presented in an accessible way, with reflection questions meant to spark discussion and debate on how to transition to safe, just, and healthy food systems. Taken together, the chapters in this handbook highlight the consequences of current food practices and showcase the multiple ways that people are doing food differently. The Routledge Handbook of Sustainable and Regenerative Food Systems is essential reading for students and scholars interested in food systems, governance and practices, agroecology, rural sociology, and socio-environmental studies.