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Nathan Hale And John Andre by Charles River Charles River Editors

Title Nathan Hale and John Andre
Author Charles River Charles River Editors
Publisher Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release Date 2018-01-11
Category
Total Pages 194
ISBN 1983754986
Language English, Spanish, and French
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*Includes pictures*Includes quotes by both men about the war*Includes online resources and a bibliography for further readingFor over 230 years, American schoolchildren have been taught about the story of Nathan Hale, or at least a legend of it, and in the process the myth of Hale and his possibly apocryphal final words have immortalized the young man as America's most famous spy, despite his failed mission.After the siege of Boston forced the British to evacuate that city in March 1776, Continental Army commander George Washington suspected that the British would move by sea to New York City, the next logical target in an attempt to end a colonial insurrection. He thus rushed his army south to defend the city, but Washington's army would ultimately be pushed west all the way through New Jersey the rest of the year. However, shortly before the colonists had to leave New York, Washington tried to implement intelligence operations around New York City, and one of the early spies was young Nathan Hale. A young officer in the Continental Army from Connecticut, Hale was asked by Washington to go behind British lines on Long Island and bring back information on what the British were up to there. Unfortunately, Hale was quickly identified by Loyalists, found with incriminating papers on his body, and executed the morning after he was caught. The 21 year old Hale's name may have very well been lost to history but for propaganda efforts to make him a martyr to the cause, most notably the reports of his last words about regretting that he had but one life to lose for his country. If Hale said anything like the quote he's best known for, he was likely reciting an exchange in the play Cato by Joseph Addison or playing off of it, but regardless of what he actually said, the story and the legend of Hale aimed to cover up the fact that his mission was an abject failure, due both to bad luck and ineptitude. No one who knew John Andr� personally would ever have dreamed he would one day hang. He was raised by devoutly religious parents and was a loyal Englishman and solid officer in His Majesty's army. He had, it was rumored, an unfortunate romantic liaison that ended with a cancelled engagement, and during the early days of the American Revolutionary War, he had served his king in Canada before being captured and held as a prisoner of war. Once he was returned to his command, he was promoted in recognition of his strength of character under duress. His reputation was so sterling, in fact, that he was given a very sensitive role, that of gathering intelligence for the British Army as they tried to put down the rebellious American colonies. This assignment, and an alleged relationship to a beautiful young Loyalist in Philadelphia named Peggy Shippen, would lead him to one of the colonists' biggest war heroes, Benedict Arnold. Arnold had arguably been more instrumental for the colonies' successes from 1775-1778 than anyone else, even perhaps George Washington, but a confluence of events left him willing to betray the cause he had fought and bled so hard for after he became military commander of Philadelphia. In one of the most controversial and scrutinized episodes of the war, Arnold married Peggy Shippen despite her Loyalist sympathies, and while Arnold was willing to break the first rule, Andr� broke the second rule by using Shippen to pass messages, possibly even playing on her own affections for him. Ultimately, it was in breaking the third rule of espionage that Andr� made his fatal mistake, for when he met near West Point to facilitate Arnold's betrayal, he changed his clothes one fateful night in September 1780, he changed his destiny and earned a place in the history books at the cost of his life. He was tried and convicted of being a spy, and he was sentenced to hang by men who had more respect for him than they did for their turncoat countryman.

Title The life and acts of John Whitgift
Author John Strype
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1822
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN IOWA:31858022341196
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Title Exam Prep for The Life of John Andr a gt
Author Anonim
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2021
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN 9203456XXXX
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Major Andre S Journal by John Andre

Title Major Andre s Journal
Author John Andre
Publisher Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release Date 2016-07-03
Category
Total Pages 74
ISBN 1495219178
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

John Andre (1750 - 1780) was a British Army officer hanged as a spy by the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War for assisting Benedict Arnold's attempted surrender of the fort at West Point, New York to the British. According to Tallmadge's account of the events, he and Andre conversed during the latter's captivity and transport. Andre wanted to know how he would be treated by Washington. Tallmadge, who had been a classmate of Nathan Hale while both were at Yale, described the capture of Hale. When Andre asked whether Tallmadge thought the situations similar, he replied "Yes, precisely similar, and similar shall be your fate"-a reference to Hale's hanging as a spy by the British. In 1779, Andre became Adjutant General of the British Army in America with the rank of major. In April of that year, he took charge of British secret intelligence. By the next year (1780), he had begun to plot with American General Benedict Arnold. The story of Andre is one of those episodes of history which are most widely known and longest remembered. There is a pleasant tinge of romance about the man himself, for he was young, handsome, and possessed of many accomplishments, clever, agreeable, popular and the hero of a love-affair which has crept into a corner of English literature with enough sentiment and controversy attached to it to interest curiosity, and perhaps to touch the heart of succeeding generations. About this youthful and gallant figure gather suddenly the inexorable conditions which shut him in as relentlessly as the hand of Fate leads Orestes or Hippolytus or (Edipus to the doom which has awaited them since the beginning of years. The favorite of his commanders, a trusted staffofficer, advancing easily along the road of promotion, beloved among his fellows, popular in Society, he passes suddenly out of the sunshine of a young prosperity into the darkness of a desperate enterprise, becomes the paymaster of treason, a disguised fugitive, a prisoner, a convicted spy, and dies at last by the hangman's hands. The contrast between his life filled with a soldier's work and relieved by idle hours of music and flowers, of pageants and verse-making, and his miserable end, is hardly sharper than that which separates the grim gallows by the Hudson from the monument to his memory in Westminster Abbey. Romance, desperate adventure, and dark tragedy are all there in the story of Andre. Andre was portrayed by Michael Wilding as an eloquent and dignified idealist in the 1955 Hollywood film The Scarlet Coat. He is portrayed by JJ Feild in the TV series Turn: Washington's Spies."

The Life Of John Andr by D. A. B. Ronald

Title The Life of John Andr
Author D. A. B. Ronald
Publisher Casemate Publishers
Release Date 2019-01-19
Category History
Total Pages 304
ISBN 9781612005225
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

John André was head of the British Army’s Secret Service in North America as the Revolutionary War entered its most bitter and, ultimately, decisive phase. In 1780, he masterminded the defection of a high-ranking American officer—General Benedict Arnold. Arnold—his name for ever synonymous with treason in American folklore—had recently been appointed commander of West Point and agreed, through André, to turn over to the British this strategically vital fort on the upper reaches of the Hudson River. Control of the fort would interrupt lines of communication between New England and the southern colonies, seriously impeding military operations against the British. The plan was also to simultaneously kidnap General George Washington, Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army. By these two masterstrokes, the British believed they could end rebel resistance. The secret negotiations between Arnold and André were protracted and fraught with danger. Arnold’s new wife, Peggy became the go-between in the negotiations. Arnold insisted that, to complete negotiations, he and André must meet face to face. At the dead of night on September 21st 1780 the two rendezvoused in no-man’s-land. Sir Henry Clinton, commander of British forces in North America and André’s immediate superior, agreed to this meeting but with three strict conditions: that André not go within the American lines; that he remain in uniform; and that he carry away from the meeting no incriminating papers. Thus, if caught, André could not be treated as a spy. Yet, when André was captured forty-eight hours later, he was within American lines, had changed into civilian clothes and was carrying maps of West Point hidden in his boots. The Americans had no option other than to treat him as a spy, especially when he himself admitted this. He was convicted by military tribunal and hanged—his death lamented both in America and England. While biographers agree on the facts of this tragic episode, they disagree on André’s motives and why he chose to sacrifice himself. This new biography of André puts forward a new answer to this mystery—not only why he acted as he did, but how he wished others to see his actions.

Title The Life of John Milton 1608 1639 New and rev ed
Author David Masson
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1965
Category Poets, English
Total Pages 86
ISBN PSU:000005293803
Language English, Spanish, and French
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James Holmes And John Varley by Alfred Thomas Story

Title James Holmes and John Varley
Author Alfred Thomas Story
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1894
Category Great Britain
Total Pages 303
ISBN NYPL:33433069026130
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title The Life and Times of Anthony Wood
Author Anthony à Wood
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1900
Category Antiquarians
Total Pages 86
ISBN UVA:X001307945
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Title The Life of the Right Honourable Sir John Holt
Author J. R.
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1764
Category Judges
Total Pages 154
ISBN OSU:32437121662312
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Title The Life and Career of Major John Andr
Author Winthrop Sargent
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1861
Category United States
Total Pages 473
ISBN UOM:39015019048431
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Life And Epistles Of St Paul by William John Conybeare

Title The Life and Epistles of St Paul
Author William John Conybeare
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1867
Category Bible
Total Pages 86
ISBN PRNC:32101065972018
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title Life and Times of Henry Melchior M hlenberg
Author William Julius Mann
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1888
Category Lutheran Church
Total Pages 547
ISBN UOM:39015028366055
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title Methodist Review
Author Anonim
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1850
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN UCAL:$B218059
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title The Life and Activities of Sir John Hawkins
Author Percy Alfred Scholes
Publisher London ; Toronto : Oxford University Press
Release Date 1953
Category Musician , England , Biography
Total Pages 287
ISBN UOM:39015007950465
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Title The Bibliographer s Manual of English Literature Containing an Account of Rare Curious and Useful Books Published in Or Relating to Great Britain and Ireland from the Invention of Printing
Author William Thomas Lowndes
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1889
Category English literature
Total Pages 86
ISBN CHI:54638647
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Title The Bibliographer s Manual of English Literature
Author William Thomas Lowndes
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1863
Category English literature
Total Pages 86
ISBN STANFORD:36105020048687
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary: