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Title The Kwangju Uprising A Miracle of Asian Democracy as Seen by the Western and the Korean Press
Author Henry Scott Stokes
Publisher Routledge
Release Date 2016-09-16
Category Political Science
Total Pages 252
ISBN 9781315291758
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Kwangju Uprising that occurred in May 1980 is burned into the minds of South Koreans in much the same way that Tiananmen is burned into the minds of contemporary Chinese. As the world watched in horror following the assassination of President Park Chung Hee, student protesters were brutally suppressed by the military and police led by strongman Chun Doo Hwan. Kim Dae Jung, the current president of South Korea, was imprisoned and sentenced to death during this period. This book recreates those earth-shaking events through eyewitness reports of leading Western correspondents on the scene as well as Korean participants and observers. Photographs, detailed street maps, and dramatic woodblock prints further illuminate the day-to-day drama to keep this atrocity alive in the conscience of the world.

Contentious Kwangju by Ki-uk Sin

Title Contentious Kwangju
Author Ki-uk Sin
Publisher Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date 2003
Category History
Total Pages 159
ISBN 0742519627
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

One of the largest political protests in contemporary Korean history, the May 1980 Kwangju Uprising still exerts a profound, often contested, influence in Korean society. Through a deft combination of personal reflections and academic analysis, Contentious Kwangju offers a comprehensive examination of the multiple, shifting meanings of this seminal event and explains how the memory of Kwangju has affected Korean life from politics to culture. The first half of the book offers highly personal perspectives on the details of the uprising itself, including the Citizens' Army, the fleeting days of Kwangju citizen autonomy, the activities of American missionaries, and the aftermath following the uprising's suppression by government forces. The second half provides a wide-ranging scholarly assessment of the impact of Kwangju in South Korea, from democratization and the fate of survivors to regional identity and popular culture, concluding with an examination of Kwangju's significance in the larger flow of modern Korean history. In keeping with the book's title, the essays offer competing interpretations of the Kwangju Uprising, yet together provide the most thorough English-language treatment to date of the multifaceted, sweeping significance of this pivotal event.

The Gwangju Uprising by Chŏng-un Chʻoe

Title The Gwangju Uprising
Author Chŏng-un Chʻoe
Publisher Homa & Sekey Books
Release Date 2006
Category Korea (South)
Total Pages 326
ISBN 9781931907293
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book explores the implications of the Gwangju Democratic Uprising, which took place in May 1980 when paratroopers brutally broke up a group of protesters who demonstrated against General Chun Doohwan's acceptance of the Korean presidency. People who lived in the Gwangju and South Jeolla provinces fought the paratroopers, insisting that martial law be abolished. During the event now known as the Gwangju Uprising, 191 people perished and 852 were wounded. Here, Choi Jung-woon explores the ramifications of this pivotal day in Korea's modern history on the country's society, economy and politics. Rather than give a traditional historical narrative of the event, he gives an indepth analysis of the participants' mentalities and incentives, and the type of the brutality involved in the uprising. He also examines the stages the participants went through during the uprising, from the calm and togetherness they felt before the event, to the uprising's turmoil and then a return to peace after the event. The author analyzes various discourses related to the uprising, looking into the ideological underpinnings of those who commented on the uprising. labor movements and political relationships in Korea.

Title Laying Claim to the Memory of May
Author Linda S. Lewis
Publisher University of Hawaii Press
Release Date 2002-03-31
Category History
Total Pages 218
ISBN 9780824824792
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Kwangju Uprising--"Korea's Tiananmen"--is one of the most important political events in late twentieth-century Korean history. What began as a peaceful demonstration against the imposition of military rule in the southwestern city of Kwangju in May 1980 turned into a bloody people's revolt. In the two decades since, memories of the Kwangju Uprising have lived on, assuming symbolic importance in the Korean democracy movement, underlying the rise in anti-American sentiment in South Korea, and shaping the nation's transition to a civil society. Nonetheless it remains a contested event, the subject still of controversy, confusion, international debate, and competing claims. As one of the few Western eyewitnesses to the Uprising, Linda Lewis is uniquely positioned to write about the event. In this innovative work on commemoration politics, social representation, and memory, Lewis draws on her fieldwork notes from May 1980, writings from the 1980s, and ethnographic research she conducted in the late 1990s on the memorialization of Kwangju and its relationship to changes in the national political culture. Throughout, the chronological organization of the text is crisscrossed with commentary that provocatively disrupts the narrative flow and engages the reader in the reflexive process of remembering Kwangju over two decades. Highly original in its method and approach, Laying Claim to the Memory of May situates this seminal event in a broad historical and scholarly context. The result is not only the definitive history of the Kwangju Uprising, but also a sweeping overview of Korean studies over the last few decades.

The Kwangju Uprising by Donald N Clark

Title The Kwangju Uprising
Author Donald N Clark
Publisher Westview Press
Release Date 1988-01-04
Category History
Total Pages 101
ISBN UCSD:31822003226537
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

"The Kwangju Uprising of May 1980 began as a protest against Chun Doo Hwan's emerging military rule and grew into a full-scale popular rebellion that included people from all strata of society. When Black Beret paratroopers were dispatched to break up the early protests, public outrage forced them to withdraw. Chun, by pulling regular army troops from the Seoul area, was able to re-invade the city and crush the revolt. estimates of deaths range from 191 to over 2,000. Chun and his generals continue to blame the event on "impure elements" and communist influence, but Korean citizens have never forgiven them for using guns on their own people. Chun's political legitimacy has been crippled by Kwangju, and the opposition has used it effectively as a rallying point. U.S. policy also has been affected, for Koreans remember that the troops Chun used to crush the Kwangju uprising were part of the U.S.-Korean joint defense structure technically under the command of the U.S. general in Seoul. U.S. acquiescence in the use of military force in Kwangju has stimulated rising anti-Americanism in South Korea and poses problems for the future of the alliance. This interdisciplinary study is the first to present a balanced view of this emotion-laden event and its continuing impact on Korean politics. The book includes an eyewitness account by an anthropologist, a literary assessment, and a historian's analysis of recent interviews with the two top U.S. officials on the scene, Ambassador William Gleysteen and General John A. Wixckham."--

Title Chun Doo Hwan s Manipulation of the Kwangju Popular Uprising
Author Donald G. Sohn
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1998
Category Korea (South)
Total Pages 146
ISBN OCLC:42705162
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Many scholars and journalists point to the tragic events that occurred in the Kwangju Popular Uprising as a pronounced materialization of the dependent nature of the relationship between U.S. and South Korea. However, this position ignores that perceptions of American complicity in the Kwangju tragedy were constructed and molded by the personal greed and ambition of Chun Doo Hwan's military regime, which effectively censored the media and intelligence agencies reporting from South Korea. This regime used the media to construct the viewpoint that the U.S. was only interested in the stability of the region, and that the U.S. actively supported the actions of the new regime. Chun's regime frequently excluded and distorted U.S. official statements to further amplify this misconstrued image. In addition, Chun removed all personnel affiliated with the liaison channels of the Korean government and replaced them with people loyal to him. In other words, he effectively controlled all intelligence, diplomatic, and military communication channels and proceeded to manipulate the Carter administration into viewing Korea from a perspective advantageous to serve his own political purposes. Media censorship had a profound effect on the Korean general public and the control of intelligence outflow led to distorted decision-making processes in Washington. Consequently, the failure of the U.S. to escape manipulation by the Chun regime reached its peak during the Kwangju massacre, which can be directly attributed to the rise in anti-Americanism.

Title Massive Entanglement Marginal Influence
Author William H. Gleysteen
Publisher Brookings Institution Press
Release Date 2012-01-01
Category Political Science
Total Pages 248
ISBN 0815791097
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Using extensive documentation, this book examines how President Jimmy Carter's troop withdrawal and human rights policies—conceived in abstraction from East Asian realities—contributed to the demise of Korean President Park Chung Hee. The author suggests that some lessons are relevant beyond Korea, for example, in our treatment of human rights problems in China today.

Memories Of May 1980 by Sang-yong Chŏng

Title Memories of May 1980
Author Sang-yong Chŏng
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2003
Category Korea (South)
Total Pages 432
ISBN UCSD:31822029605193
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Kwangju Diary by Jai-eui Lee

Title Kwangju Diary
Author Jai-eui Lee
Publisher University of California Los Angeles
Release Date 1999
Category History
Total Pages 172
ISBN UOM:39015022888997
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Title The 1980 Kwangju Uprising After 20 Years
Author Juna Byun
Publisher 다해
Release Date 2000
Category Kwangju Uprising, Kwangju-si, Korea, 1980
Total Pages 340
ISBN UCSD:31822033455536
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title Encyclopedia of Activism and Social Justice
Author Gary L. Anderson
Publisher SAGE Publications
Release Date 2007-04-13
Category Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Pages 1832
ISBN 9781452265650
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Encyclopedia of Activism and Social Justice presents a comprehensive overview of the field with topics of varying dimensions, breadth, and length. This three-volume Encyclopedia is designed for readers to understand the topics, concepts, and ideas that motivate and shape the fields of activism, civil engagement, and social justice and includes biographies of the major thinkers and leaders who have influenced and continue to influence the study of activism.

Human Acts by Han Kang

Title Human Acts
Author Han Kang
Publisher Portobello Books
Release Date 2016-01-07
Category Fiction
Total Pages 86
ISBN 9781783781621
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Gwangju, South Korea, 1980. In the wake of a viciously suppressed student uprising, a boy searches for his friend's corpse, a consciousness searches for its abandoned body, and a brutalised country searches for a voice. In a sequence of interconnected chapters the victims and the bereaved encounter censorship, denial, forgiveness and the echoing agony of the original trauma. Human Acts is a universal book, utterly modern and profoundly timeless. Already a controversial bestseller and award-winning book in Korea, it confirms Han Kang as a writer of immense importance.

Witnessing Gwangju by Paul Courtright

Title Witnessing Gwangju
Author Paul Courtright
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2020-05
Category
Total Pages 208
ISBN 1565914953
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title Top Down Democracy in South Korea
Author Erik Mobrand
Publisher University of Washington Press
Release Date 2019-03-27
Category History
Total Pages 208
ISBN 9780295745480
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Although South Korea is widely heralded as a successful new democracy—buttressed by a politically engaged public—elections have done less than expected to force political parties to reorganize their elitist structures. In Top-Down Democracy in South Korea, Erik Mobrand demonstrates that political elites, contrary to theoretical expectations, have responded to freer and fairer elections by entrenching rather than abandoning exclusionary practices and forms of party organization. Exploring South Korea’s political development from 1945 through the end of dictatorship in the 1980s and into the twenty-first century, Mobrand challenges the view that the origins of the postauthoritarian political system lie in a series of popular movements that eventually undid repression. He argues that we should think about democratization not as the establishment of an entirely new system, but as the subtle blending of new formal rules with earlier authority structures, political institutions, and legitimizing norms.

Korea On The Brink by John A. Wickham

Title Korea on the Brink
Author John A. Wickham
Publisher DIANE Publishing
Release Date 2001-04
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN 0756707978
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In the fall of 1979, the assassination of South Korea's President, and the events that followed, created a difficult dilemma for America. The combined forces of the U.S. and Rep. of Korea faced a hostile and dangerous N. Korea that had large forces deployed along the demilitarized zone. With the 40,000 American troops in Korea, the U.S. wanted to ensure the safety and ability to deter , and to foster economic development, democracy, human rights, and the rule of law in S. Korea. This book explains how Park's death threatened these goals and provides insights into the role that American military commanders played during a period of intrigue and danger to U.S. security interests.

Title There a Petal Silently Falls
Author Ch'oe Yun
Publisher Columbia University Press
Release Date 2008
Category Fiction
Total Pages 192
ISBN 9780231142960
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Presents three novellas in which traumatic events haunt each of the characters, including in "There a Petal Silently Falls," in which a woman self-destructs after the disappearance of her brother and the death of her mother.

The Making Of Minjung by Namhee Lee

Title The Making of Minjung
Author Namhee Lee
Publisher Cornell University Press
Release Date 2011-06-15
Category History
Total Pages 368
ISBN 9780801461699
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In this sweeping intellectual and cultural history of the minjung ("common people's") movement in South Korea, Namhee Lee shows how the movement arose in the 1970s and 1980s in response to the repressive authoritarian regime and grew out of a widespread sense that the nation's "failed history" left Korean identity profoundly incomplete. The Making of Minjung captures the movement in its many dimensions, presenting its intellectual trajectory as a discourse and its impact as a political movement, as well as raising questions about how intellectuals represented the minjung. Lee's portrait is based on a wide range of sources: underground pamphlets, diaries, court documents, contemporary newspaper reports, and interviews with participants. Thousands of students and intellectuals left universities during this period and became factory workers, forging an intellectual-labor alliance perhaps unique in world history. At the same time, minjung cultural activists reinvigorated traditional folk theater, created a new "minjung literature," and influenced religious practices and academic disciplines. In its transformative scope, the minjung phenomenon is comparable to better-known contemporaneous movements in South Africa, Latin America, and Eastern Europe. Understanding the minjung movement is essential to understanding South Korea's recent resistance to U.S. influence. Along with its well-known economic transformation, South Korea has also had a profound social and political transformation. The minjung movement drove this transformation, and this book tells its story comprehensively and critically.

Troubled Tiger by Mark L. Clifford

Title Troubled Tiger
Author Mark L. Clifford
Publisher Routledge
Release Date 2016-12-05
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 392
ISBN 9781315293233
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This analysis of modern Korea includes: the imprisonment and sentencing of two former presidents of South Korea for their role in the Kwangju uprising and on various charges of corruption; the death of Kim II Sung and the resultant North-South standoff; and recent labour and student protests.

Political Developments And Human Rights In The Republic Of Korea by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Human Rights and International Organizations

Title Political Developments and Human Rights in the Republic of Korea
Author United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Human Rights and International Organizations
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1986
Category Civil rights
Total Pages 207
ISBN LOC:00185448460
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary: