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The Gwangju Uprising by Chŏng-un Chʻoe

Title The Gwangju Uprising
Author Chŏng-un Chʻoe
Publisher Homa & Sekey Books
Release Date 2006
Category Korea (South)
Total Pages 326
ISBN 9781931907293
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book explores the implications of the Gwangju Democratic Uprising, which took place in May 1980 when paratroopers brutally broke up a group of protesters who demonstrated against General Chun Doohwan's acceptance of the Korean presidency. People who lived in the Gwangju and South Jeolla provinces fought the paratroopers, insisting that martial law be abolished. During the event now known as the Gwangju Uprising, 191 people perished and 852 were wounded. Here, Choi Jung-woon explores the ramifications of this pivotal day in Korea's modern history on the country's society, economy and politics. Rather than give a traditional historical narrative of the event, he gives an indepth analysis of the participants' mentalities and incentives, and the type of the brutality involved in the uprising. He also examines the stages the participants went through during the uprising, from the calm and togetherness they felt before the event, to the uprising's turmoil and then a return to peace after the event. The author analyzes various discourses related to the uprising, looking into the ideological underpinnings of those who commented on the uprising. labor movements and political relationships in Korea.

South Korean Democracy by Georgy Katsiaficas

Title South Korean Democracy
Author Georgy Katsiaficas
Publisher Routledge
Release Date 2013-06-20
Category Political Science
Total Pages 216
ISBN 9781136759239
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This new book offers a retrospective appraisal of the Gwangju Uprising by academics, activists and artists from Gwangju, Korea. In 1980, South Koreans took to the streets to demand democracy. When the military threatened brutal suppression of the popular movement, only in Gwangju did people refuse to submit. After horrific bloodshed, the citizens of Gwangju drove the military out of the city and held their liberated space for a week. As a "beautiful community" emerged, newspapers were published, hundreds of thousands of people congregated in popular assemblies, and the city’s life gave new meaning to democracy. Although crushed by overwhelming military force, Gwangju’s example inspired the eventual overthrow of the military dictatorship and ushered in a new democratic wave in East Asia. Providing a detailed analysis of the events of the Gwangju uprising, this new volume traces the birth of South Korean democracy in Gwangju’s stubborn refusal to accept life without freedom. The book also focuses on the socio-economic background, the role of women in the uprising, issues of collective identity and the international significance of the revolt. Scholars and researchers of South Asian politics, social movements, history, democracy and development studies will find this volume to be of keen interest.

Contentious Kwangju by Ki-uk Sin

Title Contentious Kwangju
Author Ki-uk Sin
Publisher Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date 2003
Category History
Total Pages 159
ISBN 0742519627
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

One of the largest political protests in contemporary Korean history, the May 1980 Kwangju Uprising still exerts a profound, often contested, influence in Korean society. Through a deft combination of personal reflections and academic analysis, Contentious Kwangju offers a comprehensive examination of the multiple, shifting meanings of this seminal event and explains how the memory of Kwangju has affected Korean life from politics to culture. The first half of the book offers highly personal perspectives on the details of the uprising itself, including the Citizens' Army, the fleeting days of Kwangju citizen autonomy, the activities of American missionaries, and the aftermath following the uprising's suppression by government forces. The second half provides a wide-ranging scholarly assessment of the impact of Kwangju in South Korea, from democratization and the fate of survivors to regional identity and popular culture, concluding with an examination of Kwangju's significance in the larger flow of modern Korean history. In keeping with the book's title, the essays offer competing interpretations of the Kwangju Uprising, yet together provide the most thorough English-language treatment to date of the multifaceted, sweeping significance of this pivotal event.

The Kwangju Uprising by Henry Scott-Stokes

Title The Kwangju Uprising
Author Henry Scott-Stokes
Publisher Bess Press
Release Date 2000
Category History
Total Pages 239
ISBN 0765606372
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Kwangju Uprising that occurred in May 1980 is burned into the minds of South Koreans in much the same way that Tiananmen is burned into the minds of contemporary Chinese. As the world watched in horror following the assassination of President Park Chung Hee, student protesters were brutally suppressed by the military and police led by strongman Chun Doo Hwan. Kim Dae Jung, the current president of South Korea, was imprisoned and sentenced to death during this period. This book recreates those earth-shaking events through eyewitness reports of leading Western correspondents on the scene as well as Korean participants and observers. Photographs, detailed street maps, and dramatic woodblock prints further illuminate the day-to-day drama to keep this atrocity alive in the conscience of the world.

Witnessing Gwangju by Paul Courtright

Title Witnessing Gwangju
Author Paul Courtright
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2020-05
Category
Total Pages 208
ISBN 1565914953
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title Laying Claim to the Memory of May
Author Linda S. Lewis
Publisher University of Hawaii Press
Release Date 2002-03-31
Category History
Total Pages 218
ISBN 9780824824792
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Kwangju Uprising--"Korea's Tiananmen"--is one of the most important political events in late twentieth-century Korean history. What began as a peaceful demonstration against the imposition of military rule in the southwestern city of Kwangju in May 1980 turned into a bloody people's revolt. In the two decades since, memories of the Kwangju Uprising have lived on, assuming symbolic importance in the Korean democracy movement, underlying the rise in anti-American sentiment in South Korea, and shaping the nation's transition to a civil society. Nonetheless it remains a contested event, the subject still of controversy, confusion, international debate, and competing claims. As one of the few Western eyewitnesses to the Uprising, Linda Lewis is uniquely positioned to write about the event. In this innovative work on commemoration politics, social representation, and memory, Lewis draws on her fieldwork notes from May 1980, writings from the 1980s, and ethnographic research she conducted in the late 1990s on the memorialization of Kwangju and its relationship to changes in the national political culture. Throughout, the chronological organization of the text is crisscrossed with commentary that provocatively disrupts the narrative flow and engages the reader in the reflexive process of remembering Kwangju over two decades. Highly original in its method and approach, Laying Claim to the Memory of May situates this seminal event in a broad historical and scholarly context. The result is not only the definitive history of the Kwangju Uprising, but also a sweeping overview of Korean studies over the last few decades.

Human Acts by Han Kang

Title Human Acts
Author Han Kang
Publisher Portobello Books
Release Date 2016-01-07
Category Fiction
Total Pages 86
ISBN 9781783781621
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Gwangju, South Korea, 1980. In the wake of a viciously suppressed student uprising, a boy searches for his friend's corpse, a consciousness searches for its abandoned body, and a brutalised country searches for a voice. In a sequence of interconnected chapters the victims and the bereaved encounter censorship, denial, forgiveness and the echoing agony of the original trauma. Human Acts is a universal book, utterly modern and profoundly timeless. Already a controversial bestseller and award-winning book in Korea, it confirms Han Kang as a writer of immense importance.

The Making Of Minjung by Namhee Lee

Title The Making of Minjung
Author Namhee Lee
Publisher Cornell University Press
Release Date 2011-06-15
Category History
Total Pages 368
ISBN 9780801461699
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In this sweeping intellectual and cultural history of the minjung ("common people's") movement in South Korea, Namhee Lee shows how the movement arose in the 1970s and 1980s in response to the repressive authoritarian regime and grew out of a widespread sense that the nation's "failed history" left Korean identity profoundly incomplete. The Making of Minjung captures the movement in its many dimensions, presenting its intellectual trajectory as a discourse and its impact as a political movement, as well as raising questions about how intellectuals represented the minjung. Lee's portrait is based on a wide range of sources: underground pamphlets, diaries, court documents, contemporary newspaper reports, and interviews with participants. Thousands of students and intellectuals left universities during this period and became factory workers, forging an intellectual-labor alliance perhaps unique in world history. At the same time, minjung cultural activists reinvigorated traditional folk theater, created a new "minjung literature," and influenced religious practices and academic disciplines. In its transformative scope, the minjung phenomenon is comparable to better-known contemporaneous movements in South Africa, Latin America, and Eastern Europe. Understanding the minjung movement is essential to understanding South Korea's recent resistance to U.S. influence. Along with its well-known economic transformation, South Korea has also had a profound social and political transformation. The minjung movement drove this transformation, and this book tells its story comprehensively and critically.

Title Massive Entanglement Marginal Influence
Author William H. Gleysteen
Publisher Brookings Institution Press
Release Date 2012-01-01
Category Political Science
Total Pages 248
ISBN 0815791097
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Using extensive documentation, this book examines how President Jimmy Carter's troop withdrawal and human rights policies—conceived in abstraction from East Asian realities—contributed to the demise of Korean President Park Chung Hee. The author suggests that some lessons are relevant beyond Korea, for example, in our treatment of human rights problems in China today.

Title There a Petal Silently Falls
Author Ch'oe Yun
Publisher Columbia University Press
Release Date 2008
Category Fiction
Total Pages 192
ISBN 9780231142960
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Presents three novellas in which traumatic events haunt each of the characters, including in "There a Petal Silently Falls," in which a woman self-destructs after the disappearance of her brother and the death of her mother.

Title The Massacres at Mt Halla
Author Hun Joon Kim
Publisher Cornell University Press
Release Date 2014-02-06
Category History
Total Pages 232
ISBN 9780801470660
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In The Massacres at Mt. Halla, Hun Joon Kim presents a compelling story of state violence, human rights advocacy, and transitional justice in South Korea since 1947. The "Jeju 4.3 events" were a series of armed uprisings and counterinsurgency actions that occurred between 1947 and 1954 in the rugged landscape around Mt. Halla in Jeju Province, South Korea. The counterinsurgency strategy was extremely brutal, involving mass arrests and detentions, forced relocations, torture, indiscriminate killings, and many large-scale massacres of civilians. The conflict resulted in an estimated thirty thousand deaths—about 10 percent of the total population of Jeju Province in 1947. News of this enormous loss of life was carefully suppressed until the success of the 1987 June Democracy Movement. After concisely detailing the events of Jeju 4.3, Kim traces the grassroots advocacy campaign that ultimately resulted in the creation of a truth commission with a threefold mandate: to investigate what happened in Jeju, to identify the victims, and to restore the honor of those victims. Although an official report was issued in 2003, resulting in an official apology from President Roh Moo Hyun (the first presidential apology for the abuse of state power in South Korea’s history), the commission’s work continues to this day. It has long been believed that truth commissions are most likely to be established immediately after a democratic transition, as a result of a power game involving old and new elites. Kim tells a different story: he emphasizes the importance of sixty years of local activist work and the long history of truth’s suppression.

Title Asia s Unknown Uprisings South Korean social movements in the 20th century
Author George N. Katsiaficas
Publisher PM Press
Release Date 2012-03-01
Category Political Science
Total Pages 435
ISBN 9781604864571
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Illuminates the oft-hidden history of 20th-century Korea, from the 1894 Tonghak uprising through the 1980 Gwangju uprising, as well as student, labor and feminist movements--all recounted with attention to their economic and political contexts. Original.

Kwangju Diary by Jai-eui Lee

Title Kwangju Diary
Author Jai-eui Lee
Publisher University of California Los Angeles
Release Date 1999
Category History
Total Pages 172
ISBN UOM:39015022888997
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title The Cultural Politics of Urban Development in South Korea
Author HaeRan Shin
Publisher Routledge
Release Date 2020-04-29
Category Social Science
Total Pages 180
ISBN 9780429516139
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book analyses the cultural politics of urban development in Gwangju, South Korea, and illustrates the implementation of state-led arts-based urban boosterism efforts in the context of political trauma and the desire for economic growth. The book explores urban development that is complicated by the recent history of democratic uprising in Gwangju, and it examines the dichotomy between cities as growth machines and progressive metropolises. Actor-oriented qualitative research methods are used to show how culture and economies can evolve from territorial conflicts. The author argues that the quest for both growth and social justice can coexist in intertwined ways and create urban development. Moreover, recent events in Gwangju, such as the May 18 Democratic Uprising and massacre, are shown to act as a backdrop for state-led urban boosterism and desire for economic growth at the same time as depicting a resistance to state-corporate marketing plans, which culminates in the eventual emergence of relatively coherent places-of-memory. These convergences and divergences are comparable to the urban boosterism characteristic of Western cities. The book contributes to the dialogue surrounding geography, urban studies, and postcolonial urban development, and will be of interest to academics working in these fields as well as human geography, planning, urban politics and East Asian studies.

Title Encyclopedia of Activism and Social Justice
Author Gary L. Anderson
Publisher SAGE Publications
Release Date 2007-04-13
Category Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Pages 1832
ISBN 9781452265650
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Encyclopedia of Activism and Social Justice presents a comprehensive overview of the field with topics of varying dimensions, breadth, and length. This three-volume Encyclopedia is designed for readers to understand the topics, concepts, and ideas that motivate and shape the fields of activism, civil engagement, and social justice and includes biographies of the major thinkers and leaders who have influenced and continue to influence the study of activism.

Korea Betrayed by D. Kirk

Title Korea Betrayed
Author D. Kirk
Publisher Springer
Release Date 2009-12-07
Category History
Total Pages 251
ISBN 9780230101845
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book recounts the rise of Kim Dae Jung from an oppressed region of Korea, beginning with his schooldays, his activities in the Korean War and his entry into politics and concluding with discussion of his Sunshine policy, his summit with North Korea's Kim Jong Il and his drive for the Nobel.

The White Book by Han Kang

Title The White Book
Author Han Kang
Publisher Hogarth
Release Date 2019-02-19
Category Fiction
Total Pages 160
ISBN 9780525573081
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Shortlisted for the 2018 Man Booker International Prize From Booker Prize-winner and literary phenomenon Han Kang, a lyrical and disquieting exploration of personal grief, written through the prism of the color white While on a writer's residency, a nameless narrator wanders the twin white worlds of the blank page and snowy Warsaw. THE WHITE BOOK becomes a meditation on the color white, as well as a fictional journey inspired by an older sister who died in her mother's arms, a few hours old. The narrator grapples with the tragedy that has haunted her family, an event she colors in stark white--breast milk, swaddling bands, the baby's rice cake-colored skin--and, from here, visits all that glows in her memory: from a white dog to sugar cubes. As the writer reckons with the enormity of her sister's death, Han Kang's trademark frank and chilling prose is softened by retrospection, introspection, and a deep sense of resilience and love. THE WHITE BOOK--ultimately a letter from Kang to her sister--offers powerful philosophy and personal psychology on the tenacity and fragility of the human spirit, and our attempts to graft new life from the ashes of destruction.

Autobiography Of Death by Kim Hyesoon

Title Autobiography of Death
Author Kim Hyesoon
Publisher New Directions Publishing
Release Date 2018-11-27
Category Poetry
Total Pages 128
ISBN 9780811227353
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Kim Hyesoon’s poems “create a seething, imaginative under-and over-world where myth and politics, the everyday and the fabulous, bleed into each other” (Sean O’Brien, The Independent) *Winner of The Griffin International Poetry Prize and the Lucien Stryk Asian Translation Award* The title section of Kim Hyesoon’s powerful new book, Autobiography of Death, consists of forty-nine poems, each poem representing a single day during which the spirit roams after death before it enters the cycle of reincarnation. The poems not only give voice to those who met unjust deaths during Korea’s violent contemporary history, but also unveil what Kim calls “the structure of death, that we remain living in.” Autobiography of Death, Kim’s most compelling work to date, at once reenacts trauma and narrates our historical death—how we have died and how we survive within this cyclical structure. In this sea of mirrors, the plural “you” speaks as a body of multitudes that has been beaten, bombed, and buried many times over by history. The volume concludes on the other side of the mirror with “Face of Rhythm,” a poem about individual pain, illness, and meditation.

Spies For Hire by Tim Shorrock

Title Spies for Hire
Author Tim Shorrock
Publisher Simon and Schuster
Release Date 2008
Category Law
Total Pages 439
ISBN 9780743282246
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Reveals the formidable organization of intelligence outsourcing that has developed between the U.S. government and private companies since 9/11, in a report that reveals how approximately seventy percent of the nation's funding for top-secret tasks is now being funneled to higher-cost third-party contractors. 35,000 first printing.

Korea On The Brink by John Adams Wickham

Title Korea on the Brink
Author John Adams Wickham
Publisher Potomac Books Incorporated
Release Date 2000
Category History
Total Pages 240
ISBN 1574882902
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

A valuable political-military case study and an important resource about a critical period in recent Korean history