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The Choice Effect by Amalia McGibbon

Title The Choice Effect
Author Amalia McGibbon
Publisher Seal Press
Release Date 2010-05-25
Category Family & Relationships
Total Pages 288
ISBN 9781580053563
LanguageEnglish, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Love choices but hate choosing? Welcome to the club. The Choice Effect is for young women who have all the opportunities in the world and no idea how to decide among them. It’s one thing to have lots of options when it comes to fulfilling careers or traveling the world—but what does it mean for our love lives? How can you know whether you’re with the right person—or if the time is right—when you haven’t vetted the other possibilities? With hard-won insight, plus interviews with a whole host of other women who are living it, the twentysomething friends and authors of The Choice Effect explain why their generation is sidestepping traditional timelines. They look at the question of choice in the twenty-first century as they give voice to their generation’s dilemma: How do you choose when you’ve been taught you can have it all?

Title Neuroscience of Preference and Choice
Author Raymond Dolan
Publisher Academic Press
Release Date 2012
Category Medical
Total Pages 342
ISBN 9780123814319
LanguageEnglish, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

One of the most pressing questions in neuroscience, psychology and economics today is how does the brain generate preferences and make choices? With a unique interdisciplinary approach, this volume is among the first to explore the cognitive and neural mechanisms mediating the generation of the preferences that guide choice. From preferences determining mundane purchases, to social preferences influencing mating choice, through to moral decisions, the authors adopt diverse approaches to answer the question. Chapters explore the instability of preferences and the common neural processes that occur across preferences. Edited by one of the world's most renowned cognitive neuroscientists, each chapter is authored by an expert in the field, with a host of international contributors. Emphasis on common process underlying preference generation makes material applicable to a variety of disciplines - neuroscience, psychology, economics, law, philosophy, etc. Offers specific focus on how preferences are generated to guide decision making, carefully examining one aspect of the broad field of neuroeconomics and complementing existing volumes Features outstanding, international scholarship, with chapters written by an expert in the topic area

Choice Based Conjoint Analysis by Damaraju Raghavarao

Title Choice Based Conjoint Analysis
Author Damaraju Raghavarao
Publisher CRC Press
Release Date 2010-08-03
Category Mathematics
Total Pages 192
ISBN 9781420099973
LanguageEnglish, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Conjoint analysis (CA) and discrete choice experimentation (DCE) are tools used in marketing, economics, transportation, health, tourism, and other areas to develop and modify products, services, policies, and programs, specifically ones that can be described in terms of attributes. A specific combination of attributes is called a concept profile. Building on the authors’ significant work in the field, Choice-Based Conjoint Analysis: Models and Designs explores the design of experiment (DOE) issues that occur when constructing concept profiles and shows how to modify commonly used designs for solving DCE and CA problems. The authors provide historical and statistical background and discuss the concepts and inference. The book covers designs appropriate for four classes of DOE problems: (1) attributes in CA and DCE studies are often ordered; (2) studies increasingly are computer-assisted; (3) choice is often influenced by competition; and (4) constraints may exist on attribute levels. Discussion begins with commonly used "generic" designs. The text then presents designs that avoid "dominated" or "dominating" profiles that may occur with ordered attributes and explores the use of orthogonal polynomials to describe relationships between ordered attribute levels and preference. Computer administration entails limited "screen real estate" for presenting concept profiles. The book covers approaches for subsetting attributes and/or levels to "fit" profiles into available "screen real estate." It then discusses strategies for sequential experimentation. Choice also is influenced by the availability of competing alternatives. The book uses availability and cross-effects designs to illustrate the design and analysis of portfolios and shows the relationship between availability effects and interaction effects in analysis of variance models. The last chapter highlights approaches to experimental design in which constraints are imposed on the levels of attributes. These designs provide the means to untangle the pricing and formulation problems in CA and DCE.

School Choice by Susan Phillips

Title School Choice
Author Susan Phillips
Publisher SAEE
Release Date 2004
Category School choice
Total Pages 70
ISBN 9780973404647
LanguageEnglish, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title Corruption in International Trade and Commercial Arbitration
Author Abdulhay Sayed
Publisher Kluwer Law International B.V.
Release Date 2004-01-01
Category Law
Total Pages 482
ISBN 9789041122360
LanguageEnglish, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Descreve como a corrupção é julgada na arbitragem comercial internacional. Procura explicar porque não há uma uniformidade na política arbitral em relação à corrupção. Analisa casos relativos à corrupção e arbitragem. Examina a legislação sobre corrupção, assim como convenções internacionais relevantes.

Title Innovation Industrial Dynamics and Structural Transformation
Author Uwe Cantner
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2007-03-08
Category Science
Total Pages 424
ISBN 9783540494652
LanguageEnglish, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book provides an account of work in the Schumpeterian and evolutionary tradition of industrial dynamics and the evolution of industries. It is shown that over time industries evolve and change their structure. In this dynamic process, change is affected and sometimes constraint by many factors, including knowledge and technologies, the capabilities and incentives of actors, new products and processes, and institutions.

Title Learning Speech and the Complex Effects of Punishment
Author Donald K. Routh
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2012-12-06
Category Education
Total Pages 248
ISBN 9781468441963
LanguageEnglish, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

DONALD K. ROUTH WHAT THIS BOOK IS ABOUT A reader who happens onto this book on the library shelf may find the title a puzzle. Learning is one broad subject. Speech is another. And the "complex effects of punishment" might seem far afield from either. Perhaps, intrigued by this apparent diversity and wanting to discover what common theme underlies it, the reader may begin leafing through the chapters. The first one recounts a series of studies of rats-using learning techniques from the psychology laboratory, to be sure, but applied to the study of behavior genetics, sex differences, and aging. The second chapter has to do with young children's discrimination learning. Then, there is a chapter on learning sets. Next, there is a chapter on stuttering. Then the topic shifts back to the study of learning in rats. Then, there is a clinical chapter on punishment effects. Finally, there is a historically oriented essay on Iowa psychology graduates. Surely, by now the puzzled reader wants an explana tion of why such diversity belongs between the covers of a single book.

The Paradox Of Choice by Barry Schwartz

Title The Paradox of Choice
Author Barry Schwartz
Publisher Harper Collins
Release Date 2009-10-13
Category Psychology
Total Pages 304
ISBN 0061748994
LanguageEnglish, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Whether we're buying a pair of jeans, ordering a cup of coffee, selecting a long-distance carrier, applying to college, choosing a doctor, or setting up a 401(k), everyday decisions—both big and small—have become increasingly complex due to the overwhelming abundance of choice with which we are presented. As Americans, we assume that more choice means better options and greater satisfaction. But beware of excessive choice: choice overload can make you question the decisions you make before you even make them, it can set you up for unrealistically high expectations, and it can make you blame yourself for any and all failures. In the long run, this can lead to decision-making paralysis, anxiety, and perpetual stress. And, in a culture that tells us that there is no excuse for falling short of perfection when your options are limitless, too much choice can lead to clinical depression. In The Paradox of Choice, Barry Schwartz explains at what point choice—the hallmark of individual freedom and self-determination that we so cherish—becomes detrimental to our psychological and emotional well-being. In accessible, engaging, and anecdotal prose, Schwartz shows how the dramatic explosion in choice—from the mundane to the profound challenges of balancing career, family, and individual needs—has paradoxically become a problem instead of a solution. Schwartz also shows how our obsession with choice encourages us to seek that which makes us feel worse. By synthesizing current research in the social sciences, Schwartz makes the counter intuitive case that eliminating choices can greatly reduce the stress, anxiety, and busyness of our lives. He offers eleven practical steps on how to limit choices to a manageable number, have the discipline to focus on those that are important and ignore the rest, and ultimately derive greater satisfaction from the choices you have to make.

Expert Advice For Policy Choice by Duncan MacRae Jr.

Title Expert Advice for Policy Choice
Author Duncan MacRae Jr.
Publisher Georgetown University Press
Release Date 1997-04-01
Category Political Science
Total Pages 448
ISBN 1589013174
LanguageEnglish, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Economic reasoning has thus far dominated the field of public policy analysis. This new introduction to the field posits that policy analysis should have both a broader interdisciplinary base—including criteria from such fields as political science, sociology, law, and philosophy, as well as economics—and also a broader audience in order to foster democratic debate. To achieve these goals, MacRae and Whittington have organized their textbook around the construction of decision matrices using multiple criteria, exploring the uses of the decision matrix formulation more fully than other texts. They describe how to set up the matrix, fill in cells and combine criteria, and use it as an aid for decision making. They show how ethical assessment of the affects that alternatives have on various parties differs from political analysis, and then they extend the use of the decision matrix to consider alternatives by affected parties, periods of time, or combined factors. The authors also thoughtfully address the role of expert advice in the policy process, widening the scope of the field to describe a complex system for the creation and use of knowledge in a democracy. An extended case study of HIV/AIDS policy follows each chapter (in installments), immediately illustrating the application of the material. The book also contains a glossary. Expert Advice for Policy Choice provides a new basis for graduate education in public policy analysis and can also serve as a text in planning, evaluation research, or public administration. In addition, it will be of interest to students and professionals wishing to aid policy choice who work in such fields as sociology, political science, psychology, public health, and social work.

Applied Choice Analysis by David A. Hensher

Title Applied Choice Analysis
Author David A. Hensher
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release Date 2005-06-02
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 717
ISBN 0521844266
LanguageEnglish, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In this primer the authors provide an unintimidating introduction to the main techniques of choice analysis.

Title Does Causality Orientation Moderate the Relationship Between Assignment Choice and Academic Achievement in Air Force Officers Performing the Nuclear M
Author Christopher J. Ewing
Publisher Universal-Publishers
Release Date 2011-03
Category Education
Total Pages 70
ISBN 9781599423869
LanguageEnglish, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

United States Air Force Officers are not often given the choice of career fields when they enter active duty. This may have some impact on performance on an academic measure in the assigned field. In addition to choice, levels of two causality orientations were assessed using Deci and Ryan's 1985 General Causality Orientation Scale, 12-Vignette version. Causality orientations are posited to exist in varying degrees in every individual and, for the purposes of this study, are tested to determine their association with academic achievement in a situation of limited choice. The overall aim of this study is to determine whether choice and/or causality orientation predict academic achievement in missileers, and if a moderation model represents the relationship between the predictors and academic achievement. Missileers at Minot Air Force Base, the 91st Missile Wing, were surveyed and data regarding choice, a single month's aggregate academic scores and causality orientation were collected. Neither choice nor causality orientation alone predicted monthly test scores. Causality orientation moderated the relationship between choice and monthly test scores. Those respondents who reported that they had received their assignment of choice had higher monthly test scores when they also had high levels of autonomy relative to controlled orientation. In the group which reported they had not received their assignment of choice, there were no associations between choice, causality orientation and monthly test scores.

Title Public and Private Secondary Education in Developing Countries
Author Emmanuel Jimenez
Publisher World Bank Publications
Release Date 1995-01-01
Category Education
Total Pages 127
ISBN 0821334794
LanguageEnglish, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

World Bank Discussion Paper No. 311. Examines the effects of the Uruguay Round on the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa. The findings show that the effects will be minimal overall and may be beneficial to countries which make the necessary domestic reforms for participation in the world market.

Title The Market Approach to Education
Author John F. Witte
Publisher Princeton University Press
Release Date 2001-07-02
Category Education
Total Pages 240
ISBN 1400823315
LanguageEnglish, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Milwaukee, one of the nation's most segregated metropolitan areas, implemented in 1990 a school choice program aimed at improving the education of inner-city children by enabling them to attend a selection of private schools. The results of this experiment, however, have been overshadowed by the explosion of emotional debate it provoked nationwide. In this book, John Witte provides a broad yet detailed framework for understanding the Milwaukee experiment and its implications for the market approach to American education. In a society supposedly devoted to equality of opportunity, the concept of school choice or voucher programs raises deep issues about liberty versus equality, government versus market, and about our commitment to free and universal education. Witte brings a balanced perspective to the picture by demonstrating why it is wrongheaded to be pro- or anti-school choice in the abstract. He explains why the voucher program seems to be working in the specific case of Milwaukee, but warns that such programs would not necessarily promote equal education--and most likely harm the poor--if applied universally, across the socioeconomic spectrum. The book begins with a theoretical discussion of the provision of education in America. It goes on to situate the issue of school choice historically and politically, to describe the program and private schools in Milwaukee, and to provide statistical analyses of the outcomes for children and their parents in the experiment. Witte concludes with some persuasive arguments about the importance of specifying the structural details of any choice program and with a call supporting vouchers for poor inner-city children, but not a universal program for all private schools. Voucher programs continue to be the most controversial approach to educational reform. The Market Approach to Education provides a thorough review of where the choice debate stands through 1998. It not only includes the "Milwaukee story" but also provides an analysis of the role, history, and politics of court decisions in this most important First Amendment area.

Title Choice and Allocation Models for the Housing Market
Author Jan Rouwendal
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 1989-10-31
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 320
ISBN 0792304667
LanguageEnglish, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

It is generally agreed that food, clothing and shelter are the three basic material needs of all people. A simple test for the successfulness of any economic system may therefore be the extent to which it succeeds in providing the population with these commodities. One would conjecture that in the countries that are generally considered as highly developed there would be no problems at all with their availability. And although this conjecture is to a large extent, confirmed by the evidence, it is nevertheless surprising that in western economies with the high per capita incomes housing is still an important object for public concern. Food and clothing are abundantly available in these countries, but the provision of housing is often an object of serious policy concern. To mention one striking example : in the Netherlands there still exist official figures that mention housing shortages of ten thousends of dwellings. This state of affairs is not mentioned here to motivate an exaggerated view on housing problems in Western countries. The situation in the Netherlands and comparable countries is indeed much better than that in underdeveloped countries and a comparison with developing countries would presumably show figures which are comparable to those for food or clothing. The point I want to make is that even in highly developed market economies where the availability of food and clothing is quite satisfactory, the availability of dwellings often is not.