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Socrates In The Cave by Paul J. Diduch

Title Socrates in the Cave
Author Paul J. Diduch
Publisher Springer
Release Date 2018-05-17
Category Political Science
Total Pages 347
ISBN 9783319768311
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book addresses the problem of fully explaining Socrates’ motives for philosophic interlocution in Plato’s dialogues. Why, for instance, does Socrates talk to many philosophically immature and seemingly incapable interlocutors? Are his motives in these cases moral, prudential, erotic, pedagogic, or intellectual? In any one case, can Socrates’ reasons for engaging an unlikely interlocutor be explained fully on the grounds of intellectual self-interest (i.e., the promise of advancing his own wisdom)? Or does his activity, including his self-presentation and staging of his death, require additional motives for adequate explanation? Finally, how, if at all, does our conception of Socrates’ motives help illuminate our understanding of the life of reason as Plato presents it? By inviting a multitude of authors to contribute their thoughts on these question—all of whom share a commitment to close reading, but by no means agree on the meaning of Plato’s dialogues—this book provides the reader with an excellent map of the terrain of these problems and aims to help the student of Plato clarify the tensions involved, showing especially how each major stance on Socrates entails problematic assumptions that prompt further critical reflection.

Title The Allegory of the Cave
Author Plato
Publisher Strelbytskyy Multimedia Publishing
Release Date 2019-12-20
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 86
ISBN PKEY:SMP2300000064971
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Allegory of the Cave, or Plato's Cave, was presented by the Greek philosopher Plato in his work Republic (514a–520a) to compare "the effect of education (παιδεία) and the lack of it on our nature". It is written as a dialogue between Plato's brother Glaucon and his mentor Socrates, narrated by the latter. The allegory is presented after the analogy of the sun (508b–509c) and the analogy of the divided line (509d–511e). All three are characterized in relation to dialectic at the end of Books VII and VIII (531d–534e). Plato has Socrates describe a group of people who have lived chained to the wall of a cave all of their lives, facing a blank wall. The people watch shadows projected on the wall from objects passing in front of a fire behind them, and give names to these shadows. The shadows are the prisoners' reality.

The Cave And The Light by Arthur Herman

Title The Cave and the Light
Author Arthur Herman
Publisher Random House
Release Date 2013-10-22
Category History
Total Pages 704
ISBN 9780553907834
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The definitive sequel to New York Times bestseller How the Scots Invented the Modern World is a magisterial account of how the two greatest thinkers of the ancient world, Plato and Aristotle, laid the foundations of Western culture—and how their rivalry shaped the essential features of our culture down to the present day. Plato came from a wealthy, connected Athenian family and lived a comfortable upper-class lifestyle until he met an odd little man named Socrates, who showed him a new world of ideas and ideals. Socrates taught Plato that a man must use reason to attain wisdom, and that the life of a lover of wisdom, a philosopher, was the pinnacle of achievement. Plato dedicated himself to living that ideal and went on to create a school, his famed Academy, to teach others the path to enlightenment through contemplation. However, the same Academy that spread Plato’s teachings also fostered his greatest rival. Born to a family of Greek physicians, Aristotle had learned early on the value of observation and hands-on experience. Rather than rely on pure contemplation, he insisted that the truest path to knowledge is through empirical discovery and exploration of the world around us. Aristotle, Plato’s most brilliant pupil, thus settled on a philosophy very different from his instructor’s and launched a rivalry with profound effects on Western culture. The two men disagreed on the fundamental purpose of the philosophy. For Plato, the image of the cave summed up man’s destined path, emerging from the darkness of material existence to the light of a higher and more spiritual truth. Aristotle thought otherwise. Instead of rising above mundane reality, he insisted, the philosopher’s job is to explain how the real world works, and how we can find our place in it. Aristotle set up a school in Athens to rival Plato’s Academy: the Lyceum. The competition that ensued between the two schools, and between Plato and Aristotle, set the world on an intellectual adventure that lasted through the Middle Ages and Renaissance and that still continues today. From Martin Luther (who named Aristotle the third great enemy of true religion, after the devil and the Pope) to Karl Marx (whose utopian views rival Plato’s), heroes and villains of history have been inspired and incensed by these two master philosophers—but never outside their influence. Accessible, riveting, and eloquently written, The Cave and the Light provides a stunning new perspective on the Western world, certain to open eyes and stir debate. Praise for The Cave and the Light “A sweeping intellectual history viewed through two ancient Greek lenses . . . breezy and enthusiastic but resting on a sturdy rock of research.”—Kirkus Reviews “Examining mathematics, politics, theology, and architecture, the book demonstrates the continuing relevance of the ancient world.”—Publishers Weekly “A fabulous way to understand over two millennia of history, all in one book.”—Library Journal “Entertaining and often illuminating.”—The Wall Street Journal

Republic by Plato

Title Republic
Author Plato
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1962
Category Justice
Total Pages 115
ISBN OCLC:1180916408
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title The Allegory of the Cave
Author Plató
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2017-07-07
Category
Total Pages 25
ISBN 1521777810
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Allegory of the Cave, or Plato's Cave, was presented by the Greek philosopher Plato in his work Republic (514a-520a) to compare "the effect of education (παιδεία) and the lack of it on our nature". It is written as a dialogue between Plato's brother Glaucon and his mentor Socrates, narrated by the latter. The allegory is presented after the analogy of the sun (508b-509c) and the analogy of the divided line (509d-511e). All three are characterized in relation to dialectic at the end of Books VII and VIII (531d-534e).Plato has Socrates describe a group of people who have lived chained to the wall of a cave all of their lives, facing a blank wall. The people watch shadows projected on the wall from objects passing in front of a fire behind them, and give names to these shadows. The shadows are the prisoners' reality. Socrates explains how the philosopher is like a prisoner who is freed from the cave and comes to understand that the shadows on the wall are not reality at all, for he can perceive the true form of reality rather than the manufactured reality that is the shadows seen by the prisoners. The inmates of this place do not even desire to leave their prison; for they know no better life. The prisoners manage to break their bonds one day, and discover that their reality was not what they thought it was. They discovered the sun, which Plato uses as an analogy for the fire that man cannot see behind. Like the fire that cast light on the walls of the cave, the human condition is forever bound to the impressions that are received through the senses. Even if these interpretations (or, in Kantian terminology, intuitions) are an absurd misrepresentation of reality, we cannot somehow break free from the bonds of our human condition - we cannot free ourselves from phenomenal state just as the prisoners could not free themselves from their chains. If, however, we were to miraculously escape our bondage, we would find a world that we could not understand - the sun is incomprehensible for someone who has never seen it. In other words, we would encounter another "realm", a place incomprehensible because, theoretically, it is the source of a higher reality than the one we have always known; it is the realm of pure Form, pure fact.Socrates remarks that this allegory can be paired with previous writings, namely the analogy of the sun and the analogy of the divided line.

Title The Allegory of the Cave
Author Plato
Publisher Lulu.com
Release Date 2017-01-11
Category History
Total Pages 36
ISBN 9781365673221
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Allegory of the Cave is a dialogue between Plato's brother Glaucon and his mentor Socrates, narrated by the latter, in which Plato elucidates his Theory of Forms. Plato's Allegory is considered one of Western philosophy's most important metaphors.

Virtue In The Cave by Roslyn Weiss

Title Virtue in the Cave
Author Roslyn Weiss
Publisher Lexington Books
Release Date 2008
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 229
ISBN 0739132180
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

One of very few monographs devoted to Plato's Meno, this study emphasizes the interplay between its protagonists, Socrates and Meno. It interprets the Meno as Socrates' attempt to persuade his interlocutor, by every device at his disposal, of the value of moral inquiry—even though it fails to yield full-blown knowledge—and to encourage him to engage in such inquiry, insofar as it alone makes human life worth living.

Title Allegory of the Cave
Author Plato
Publisher Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release Date 2016-07-19
Category
Total Pages 68
ISBN 1535373385
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Allegory of the Cave - Plato - The Allegory of the Cave was presented by the Greek philosopher Plato in his work the Republic to compare "the effect of education and the lack of it on our nature". It is written as a dialogue between Plato's brother Glaucon and his mentor Socrates, narrated by the latter. The allegory is presented after the analogy of the sun and the analogy of the divided line. All three are characterized in relation to dialectic at the end of Books VII and VIII. Plato has Socrates describe a gathering of people who have lived chained to the wall of a cave all of their lives, facing a blank wall. The people watch shadows projected on the wall from things passing in front of a fire behind them, and they begin to give names to these shadows. The shadows are as close as the prisoners get to viewing reality. He then explains how the philosopher is like a prisoner who is freed from the cave and comes to understand that the shadows on the wall do not make up reality at all, for he can perceive the true form of reality rather than the mere shadows seen by the prisoners. Socrates remarks that this allegory can be taken with what was said before, namely the analogy of the sun and the analogy of the divided line. In particular, he likens our perception of the world around us "to the habitation in prison, the firelight there to the sunlight here, the ascent and the view of the upper world [to] the rising of the soul into the world of the mind".

The Republic by Plato

Title The Republic
Author Plato
Publisher Samaira Book Publishers
Release Date 2019-03-19
Category Political Science
Total Pages 756
ISBN 9789387550322
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Written around 380 BC, The Republic work is an important contribution to the age old question of how to best structure a society in a just way. Presented in the form of a dialogue between Socrates and three different interlocutors, it is an enquiry into the notion of a perfect community and the ideal individual within it. It is considered Plato's best-known work and has proven to be one of the most intellectually and historically influential works of philosophy and political theory. One of the most important books ever written on the subject of philosophy and political theory. An essential read for any student of philosophy or political science.

Plato S Meno by Plato

Title Plato s Meno
Author Plato
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release Date 2011-02-17
Category History
Total Pages 484
ISBN 0521172284
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This edition of Plato's Meno has extensive preliminary chapters designed to truly enhance the reader's engagement with this ancient text.

The Cave And The Light by Arthur Herman

Title The Cave and the Light
Author Arthur Herman
Publisher Random House Trade Paperbacks
Release Date 2014-06
Category History
Total Pages 676
ISBN 9780553385663
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

A history of the influential rivalry between Plato and Aristotle traces the Western world's ongoing battle of ideas to their competing philosophies, demonstrating how their contrasting views on everything from religion and government to science and technology became the twin fountainheads of Western culture.

The Socratic Turn by Dustin Sebell

Title The Socratic Turn
Author Dustin Sebell
Publisher University of Pennsylvania Press
Release Date 2015-11-19
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 232
ISBN 9780812247800
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Socratic Turn addresses the question of whether we can acquire genuine knowledge of good and evil, right and wrong. Reputedly, Socrates was the first philosopher to make the attempt. But Socrates was a materialistic natural scientist in his youth, and it was only much later in life—after he had rejected materialistic natural science—that he finally turned, around the age of forty, to the examination of ordinary moral and political opinions, or to moral-political philosophy so understood. Through a consideration of Plato's account of Socrates' intellectual development, and with a view to relevant works of the pre-Socratics, Xenophon, Aristotle, Hesiod, Homer, and Aristophanes, Dustin Sebell reproduces the course of thought that carried Socrates from materialistic natural science to moral-political philosophy. By doing so, he seeks to recover an all but forgotten approach to the question of justice, one still worthy of being called scientific.

Caverns Of Socrates by Dennis L. McKiernan

Title Caverns of Socrates
Author Dennis L. McKiernan
Publisher New Amer Library
Release Date 1996
Category Fiction
Total Pages 443
ISBN 0451454677
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Featuring a chapter from the author's new hardcover, The Dragonstone, a fantasy novel features an elite group of computer adventurers who become caught in a deadly world of virtual reality. Reprint.

Title Socrates And The Allegory Of The Cave
Author Jason Swedene
Publisher Jason K. Swedene, Ph.D.
Release Date 2019-03
Category
Total Pages 26
ISBN 1733584706
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Did you ever wonder if there's more out there? Did anyone ever try to lead you away from what you know into something you don't know? That's what happens to the three pigs you'll encounter in this book. They are in a cave. Will they ever leave it, though? Our hero, Floyd the Fly, tries to convince them to explore what he has discovered. The story we adapted for you was told over 2400 years ago -in Plato's famous Republic- by a man who always wanted to know: Socrates.

Title Plato and the Art of Philosophical Writing
Author Christopher Rowe
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release Date 2007-11-22
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 86
ISBN 9781139467797
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Plato's dialogues are usually understood as simple examples of philosophy in action. In this book Professor Rowe treats them rather as literary-philosophical artefacts, shaped by Plato's desire to persuade his readers to exchange their view of life and the universe for a different view which, from their present perspective, they will barely begin to comprehend. What emerges is a radically new Plato: a Socratic throughout, who even in the late dialogues is still essentially the Plato (and the Socrates) of the Apology and the so-called 'Socratic' dialogues. This book aims to understand Plato both as a philosopher and as a writer, on the assumption that neither of these aspects of the dialogues can be understood without the other. The argument of the book is closely based in Plato's text, but should be accessible to any serious reader of Plato, whether professional philosopher, classicist, or student.

Levels Of Argument by Dominic Scott

Title Levels of Argument
Author Dominic Scott
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date 2015
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 235
ISBN 9780199249640
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Dominic Scott compares the 'Republic' and 'Nicomachean Ethics' from a methodological perspective. He argues that Plato and Aristotle distinguish similar levels of argument in the defence of justice, and that they both follow the same approach: Plato because he thinks it will suffice, Aristotle because he thinks there is no need to go beyond it.

Crito by Plato

Title Crito
Author Plato
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1891
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN UCD:31175010163288
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title Shadow Philosophy Plato s Cave and Cinema
Author Nathan Andersen
Publisher Routledge
Release Date 2014-04-16
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 160
ISBN 9781317805885
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Shadow Philosophy: Plato’s Cave and Cinema is an accessible and exciting new contribution to film-philosophy, which shows that to take film seriously is also to engage with the fundamental questions of philosophy. Nathan Andersen brings Stanley Kubrick’s film A Clockwork Orange into philosophical conversation with Plato’s Republic, comparing their contributions to themes such as the nature of experience and meaning, the character of justice, the contrast between appearance and reality, the importance of art, and the impact of images. At the heart of the book is a novel account of the analogy between Plato’s allegory of the cave and cinema, developed in conjunction with a provocative interpretation of the most powerful image from A Clockwork Orange, in which the lead character is strapped to a chair and forced to watch violent films. Key features of the book include: a comprehensive bibliography of suggested readings on Plato, on film, on philosophy, and on the philosophy of film a list of suggested films that can be explored following the approach in this book, including brief descriptions of each film, and suggestions regarding its philosophical implications a summary of Plato’s Republic, book by book, highlighting both dramatic context and subject matter. Offering a close reading of the controversial classic film A Clockwork Orange, and an introductory account of the central themes of the philosophical classic The Republic, this book will be of interest to both scholars and students of philosophy and film, as well as to readers of Plato and fans of Stanley Kubrick.

Plato S Republic by Richard Kraut

Title Plato s Republic
Author Richard Kraut
Publisher Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Release Date 2000-01-01
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 240
ISBN 9780585071558
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Designed for courses in the history of philosophy, social and political theory, government, and Plato specifically, Plato's Republic: Critical Essays will enrich students' understanding of this profoundly influential work. The comprehensive collection covers Plato's social and political thought, his metaphysics and epistemology, his ethical theory, and his attitude towards women. The essays, chosen for their clarity and ability to stimulate student discussion, are related to one another in ways that will help students see the connections among the various strands of Plato's thought. The book includes an index of passages to guide students through parts of the Republic that they find challenging.

Title The Mind in the Cave Consciousness and the Origins of Art
Author David Lewis-Williams
Publisher Thames & Hudson
Release Date 2004-04-17
Category Art
Total Pages 320
ISBN 9780500770443
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The breathtakingly beautiful art created deep inside the caves of western Europe has the power to dazzle even the most jaded observers. Emerging from the narrow underground passages into the chambers of caves such as Lascaux, Chauvet, and Altamira, visitors are confronted with symbols, patterns, and depictions of bison, woolly mammoths, ibexes, and other animals. Since its discovery, cave art has provoked great curiosity about why it appeared when and where it did, how it was made, and what it meant to the communities that created it. David Lewis-Williams proposes that the explanation for this lies in the evolution of the human mind. Cro-Magnons, unlike the Neanderthals, possessed a more advanced neurological makeup that enabled them to experience shamanistic trances and vivid mental imagery. It became important for people to "fix," or paint, these images on cave walls, which they perceived as the membrane between their world and the spirit world from which the visions came. Over time, new social distinctions developed as individuals exploited their hallucinations for personal advancement, and the first truly modern society emerged. Illuminating glimpses into the ancient mind are skillfully interwoven here with the still-evolving story of modern-day cave discoveries and research. The Mind in the Cave is a superb piece of detective work, casting light on the darkest mysteries of our earliest ancestors while strengthening our wonder at their aesthetic achievements.