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Title Plum Island Animal Disease Center DHS and USDA are successfully coordinating current work but longterm plans are being assessed report to congressional committees
Author Anonim
Publisher DIANE Publishing
Release Date 2021
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN 9781428933927
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Plum Island Animal Disease Center by United States. Government Accountability Office

Title Plum Island Animal Disease Center
Author United States. Government Accountability Office
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2005
Category Veterinary medicine
Total Pages 48
ISBN CORNELL:31924101449217
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Plum Island Animal Disease Center by United States. Government Accountability Office

Title Plum Island Animal Disease Center
Author United States. Government Accountability Office
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2005
Category Veterinary medicine
Total Pages 48
ISBN OCLC:318406450
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Agro Terrorism by Jennifer T. Ollington

Title Agro Terrorism
Author Jennifer T. Ollington
Publisher Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release Date 2008
Category Political Science
Total Pages 121
ISBN STANFORD:36105124171914
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The potential for terrorist attacks against agricultural targets (agroterrorism) is increasingly recognised as a national security threat, especially after the events of September 11, 2001. Agroterrorism is a subset of bioterrorism, and is defined as the deliberate introduction of an animal or plant disease with the goal of generating fear, causing economic losses, and/or undermining social stability. The goal of agroterrorism is not to kill cows or plants. These are the means to the end of causing economic damage, social unrest, and loss of confidence in government.

Terrorism by Robert A. Friedlander

Title Terrorism
Author Robert A. Friedlander
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1979
Category National security
Total Pages 86
ISBN IND:30000122187556
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

"An extensive collection of significant documents covering all major and minor issues and events regarding terrorism. Government reports, executive orders, speeches, court proceedings, and position papers are presented in full text reprint"--Oceana Website.

Cis Annual by Anonim

Title CIS Annual
Author Anonim
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2005
Category Government publications
Total Pages 86
ISBN OSU:32437122349281
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Title Meeting Critical Laboratory Needs for Animal Agriculture
Author National Research Council
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 2012-10-28
Category Technology & Engineering
Total Pages 144
ISBN 9780309261296
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Outbreaks of animal disease can have catastrophic repercussions for animal agriculture, the food supply, and public health. Rapid detection, diagnosis and response, as well as development of new vaccines, are central to mitigating the impact of disease outbreaks. The proposed National Bio- and Agro-Defense Facility (NBAF) is a next-generation laboratory for animal disease diagnostics, training, and research that would provide core critical components for defense against foreign animal and zoonotic disease threats. But it will be a major investment with estimated construction costs of $1.14 billion, as currently designed. Meeting Critical Laboratory Needs for Animal Agriculture: Examination of Three Optionsdiscusses the laboratory infrastructure needed to effectively address the threat posed by animal and zoonotic diseases and analyzes three options for creating this infrastructure: building NBAF as currently designed, building a scaled-back version of the NBAF, or maintaining current research capabilities at Plum Island Animal Disease Center while leveraging biosafety level-4 large animal capabilities at foreign laboratories.

Title DHS Directorate of Science and Technology
Author Dana A. Shea
Publisher DIANE Publishing
Release Date 2010-10
Category
Total Pages 52
ISBN 9781437922530
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Directorate of Science and Technology (DST) is the primary organization for R&D in the Dept. of Homeland Security. With an budget of $932.6 million in FY 2009, it conducts R&D in several labs. of its own and funds R&D conducted by other gov¿t. agencies, the Dept. of Energy nat. labs., industry, and univ. The directorate consists of six divisions: Chemical and Biological; Explosives; Command, Control, and Interoperability; Borders and Maritime Security; Infrastructure and Geophysical; and Human Factors. Additional offices have responsibilities, such as lab. facilities and univ. programs, that cut across the divisions. In the past, there has been criticism of the DST¿s performance. Although management changes have somewhat muted this criticism in recent years, fundamental issues remain, which this paper discusses. Charts and tables.

Lab 257 by Michael C. Carroll

Title Lab 257
Author Michael C. Carroll
Publisher Harper Collins
Release Date 2009-10-13
Category Science
Total Pages 352
ISBN 9780061842894
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Strictly off limits to the public, Plum Island is home to virginal beaches, cliffs, forests, ponds -- and the deadliest germs that have ever roamed the planet. Lab 257 blows the lid off the stunning true nature and checkered history of Plum Island. It shows that the seemingly bucolic island in the shadow of New York City is a ticking biological time bomb that none of us can safely ignore. Based on declassified government documents, in-depth interviews, and access to Plum Island itself, this is an eye-opening, suspenseful account of a federal government germ laboratory gone terribly wrong. For the first time, Lab 257 takes you deep inside this secret world and presents startling revelations on virus outbreaks, biological meltdowns, infected workers, the periodic flushing of contaminated raw sewage into area waters, and the insidious connections between Plum Island, Lyme disease, and the deadly West Nile virus. The book also probes what's in store for Plum Island's new owner, the Department of Homeland Security, in this age of bioterrorism. Lab 257 is a call to action for those concerned with protecting present and future generations from preventable biological catastrophes.

Title Global Infectious Disease Surveillance and Detection
Author Institute of Medicine
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 2007-11-11
Category Medical
Total Pages 284
ISBN 9780309111140
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Early detection is essential to the control of emerging, reemerging, and novel infectious diseases, whether naturally occurring or intentionally introduced. Containing the spread of such diseases in a profoundly interconnected world requires active vigilance for signs of an outbreak, rapid recognition of its presence, and diagnosis of its microbial cause, in addition to strategies and resources for an appropriate and efficient response. Although these actions are often viewed in terms of human public health, they also challenge the plant and animal health communities. Surveillance, defined as "the continual scrutiny of all aspects of occurrence and spread of a disease that are pertinent to effective control", involves the "systematic collection, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of health data." Disease detection and diagnosis is the act of discovering a novel, emerging, or reemerging disease or disease event and identifying its cause. Diagnosis is "the cornerstone of effective disease control and prevention efforts, including surveillance." Disease surveillance and detection relies heavily on the astute individual: the clinician, veterinarian, plant pathologist, farmer, livestock manager, or agricultural extension agent who notices something unusual, atypical, or suspicious and brings this discovery in a timely way to the attention of an appropriate representative of human public health, veterinary medicine, or agriculture. Most developed countries have the ability to detect and diagnose human, animal, and plant diseases. Global Infectious Disease Surveillance and Detection: Assessing the Challenges -- Finding Solutions, Workshop Summary is part of a 10 book series and summarizes the recommendations and presentations of the workshop.

Title Responsible Research with Biological Select Agents and Toxins
Author National Research Council
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 2010-02-12
Category Political Science
Total Pages 188
ISBN 9780309145350
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The effort to understand and combat infectious diseases has, during the centuries, produced many key advances in science and medicine--including the development of vaccines, drugs, and other treatments. A subset of this research is conducted with agents that, like anthrax, not only pose a severe threat to the health of humans, plants, and animals but can also be used for ill-intended purposes. Such agents have been listed by the government as biological select agents and toxins. The 2001 anthrax letter attacks prompted the creation of new regulations aimed at increasing security for research with dangerous pathogens. The outcome of the anthrax letter investigation has raised concern about whether these measures are adequate. Responsible Research with Biological Select Agents and Toxins evaluates both the physical security of select agent laboratories and personnel reliability measures designed to ensure the trustworthiness of those with access to biological select agents and toxins. The book offers a set of guiding principles and recommended changes to minimize security risk and facilitate the productivity of research. The book recommends fostering a culture of trust and responsibility in the laboratory, engaging the community in oversight of the Select Agent Program, and enhancing the operation of the Select Agent Program.

Title Critical Needs for Research in Veterinary Science
Author National Research Council
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 2005-10-18
Category Technology & Engineering
Total Pages 238
ISBN 0309164982
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Research in veterinary science is critical for the health and well-being of animals, including humans. Food safety, emerging infectious diseases, the development of new therapies, and the possibility of bioterrorism are examples of issues addressed by veterinary science that have an impact on both human and animal health. However, there is a lack of scientists engaged in veterinary research. Too few veterinarians pursue research careers, and there is a shortage of facilities and funding for conducting research. This report identifies questions and issues that veterinary research can help to address, and discusses the scientific expertise and infrastructure needed to meet the most critical research needs. The report finds that there is an urgent need to provide adequate resources for investigators, training programs, and facilities involved in veterinary research.

Microbial Threats To Health by Institute of Medicine

Title Microbial Threats to Health
Author Institute of Medicine
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 2003-08-25
Category Medical
Total Pages 397
ISBN 0309185548
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Infectious diseases are a global hazard that puts every nation and every person at risk. The recent SARS outbreak is a prime example. Knowing neither geographic nor political borders, often arriving silently and lethally, microbial pathogens constitute a grave threat to the health of humans. Indeed, a majority of countries recently identified the spread of infectious disease as the greatest global problem they confront. Throughout history, humans have struggled to control both the causes and consequences of infectious diseases and we will continue to do so into the foreseeable future. Following up on a high-profile 1992 report from the Institute of Medicine, Microbial Threats to Health examines the current state of knowledge and policy pertaining to emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases from around the globe. It examines the spectrum of microbial threats, factors in disease emergence, and the ultimate capacity of the United States to meet the challenges posed by microbial threats to human health. From the impact of war or technology on disease emergence to the development of enhanced disease surveillance and vaccine strategies, Microbial Threats to Health contains valuable information for researchers, students, health care providers, policymakers, public health officials. and the interested public.

The Anthrax Vaccine Debate by Richard A. Hersack

Title The Anthrax Vaccine Debate
Author Richard A. Hersack
Publisher DIANE Publishing
Release Date 2001
Category Anthrax
Total Pages 65
ISBN 9781428990333
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Title Sustaining Global Surveillance and Response to Emerging Zoonotic Diseases
Author National Research Council
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 2010-01-24
Category Medical
Total Pages 338
ISBN 9780309137348
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

H1N1 ("swine flu"), SARS, mad cow disease, and HIV/AIDS are a few examples of zoonotic diseases-diseases transmitted between humans and animals. Zoonotic diseases are a growing concern given multiple factors: their often novel and unpredictable nature, their ability to emerge anywhere and spread rapidly around the globe, and their major economic toll on several disparate industries. Infectious disease surveillance systems are used to detect this threat to human and animal health. By systematically collecting data on the occurrence of infectious diseases in humans and animals, investigators can track the spread of disease and provide an early warning to human and animal health officials, nationally and internationally, for follow-up and response. Unfortunately, and for many reasons, current disease surveillance has been ineffective or untimely in alerting officials to emerging zoonotic diseases. Sustaining Global Surveillance and Response to Emerging Zoonotic Diseases assesses some of the disease surveillance systems around the world, and recommends ways to improve early detection and response. The book presents solutions for improved coordination between human and animal health sectors, and among governments and international organizations. Parties seeking to improve the detection and response to zoonotic diseases--including U.S. government and international health policy makers, researchers, epidemiologists, human health clinicians, and veterinarians--can use this book to help curtail the threat zoonotic diseases pose to economies, societies, and health.

Title Protecting the Frontline in Biodefense Research
Author National Research Council
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 2011-06-23
Category Political Science
Total Pages 184
ISBN 9780309209274
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The U.S. Army's Special Immunizations Program is an important component of an overall biosafety program for laboratory workers at risk of exposure to hazardous pathogens. The program provides immunizations to scientists, laboratory technicians and other support staff who work with certain hazardous pathogens and toxins. Although first established to serve military personnel, the program was expanded through a cost-sharing agreement in 2004 to include other government and civilian workers, reflecting the expansion in biodefense research in recent years. Protecting the Frontline in Biodefense Research examines issues related to the expansion of the Special Immunizations Program, considering the regulatory frameworks under which the vaccines are administered, how additional vaccines might be considered for inclusion in the Program, and factors that might influence the development and manufacturing of vaccines for the Special Immunizations Program.

Biological Research by Nancy Kingsbury

Title Biological Research
Author Nancy Kingsbury
Publisher DIANE Publishing
Release Date 2010-10
Category
Total Pages 64
ISBN 9781437920987
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is the most highly infectious animal disease known: nearly 100% of exposed animals become infected with it. The Plum Island Animal Disease Center (PIADC), on the northern tip of Long Island, NY, is the only facility in the U.S. that studies the live FMD virus. The U.S. Dept. of Ag. (USDA) was responsible for the PIADC from its opening in the 1950s until June 2003, when USDA transferred responsibility for it to the U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security (DHS). On Jan. 19, 2006, DHS announced that it would construct and operate a new facility. This report reviewed DHS's risk assessment. It specifically assessed the evidence DHS used to conclude that work with FMD can be conducted as safely on the U.S. mainland as on Plum Island, NY.

Deadly Cultures by Mark Wheelis

Title Deadly Cultures
Author Mark Wheelis
Publisher Harvard University Press
Release Date 2009-06-30
Category History
Total Pages 493
ISBN 9780674045132
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The threat of biological weapons has never attracted as much public attention as in the past five years. Yet there has been little historical analysis of such weapons over the past half-century. Deadly Cultures sets out to fill this gap by analyzing the historical developments since 1945 and addressing three central issues: why states have continued or begun programs for acquiring biological weapons, why states have terminated biological weapons programs, and how states have demonstrated that they have truly terminated their biological weapons programs.

Adapting To The Impacts Of Climate Change by National Research Council

Title Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change
Author National Research Council
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 2011-01-06
Category Science
Total Pages 292
ISBN 9780309145916
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Across the United States, impacts of climate change are already evident. Heat waves have become more frequent and intense, cold extremes have become less frequent, and patterns of rainfall are likely changing. The proportion of precipitation that falls as rain rather than snow has increased across the western United States and Arctic sea ice has been reduced significantly. Sea level has been rising faster than at any time in recent history, threatening the natural and built environments on the coasts. Even if emissions of greenhouse gases were substantially reduced now, climate change and its resulting impacts would continue for some time to come. To date, decisions related to the management and protection of the nation's people, resources, and infrastructure have been based on records in the recent past, when climate was relatively stable. Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change, part of the congressionally requested America's Climate Choices suite of studies, calls for a new paradigm-one that considers a range of possible future climate conditions and impacts that may be well outside the realm of past experience. Adaptation requires actions from many decision makers in federal, state, tribal, and local governments; the private sector; non-governmental organizations; and community groups. However, current efforts are hampered by a lack of solid information about the benefits, costs, and effectiveness of various adaptation options; climate information on regional and local scales; and a lack of coordination. Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change calls for a national adaptation strategy that provides needed technical and scientific resources, incentives to begin adaptation planning, guidance across jurisdictions, shared lessons learned, and support of scientific research to expand knowledge of impacts and adaptation.

Title Addressing Foodborne Threats to Health
Author Institute of Medicine
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 2006-09-18
Category Medical
Total Pages 304
ISBN 0309180139
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In December 2004, at a press conference called to announce his departure as Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Tommy Thompson raised both concern and controversy when he remarked that he could not understand why the terrorists had not yet attacked our food supply "because it is so easy to do." Although to date the United States has been spared such a disaster, the many documented examples of unintentional outbreaks of foodborne disease-some of which have sickened hundreds of thousands of people, and killed hundreds-provide a grim basis for estimating the impact of deliberate food adulteration. Due to the wide variety of potential chemical and biological agents that could be introduced at many vulnerable points along the food supply continuum, contaminating food is considered an especially simple, yet effective, means to threaten large populations. To explore the nature and extent of such threats, possibilities for reducing their impact, and obstacles to this goal, the Forum on Microbial Threats of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) convened the workshop Foodborne Threats to Health: The Policies and Practice of Surveillance, Prevention, Outbreak Investigations, and International Coordination on October 25 and 26, 2005. Workshop participants discussed the threat spectrum and burden of disease associated with foodborne illness and the role that increasing globalization of food production and distribution plays in the transmission of foodborne disease. Participants also reviewed existing research, policies, and practices concerning foodborne threats in order to identify unmet needs, challenges, and opportunities for improving food safety systems, surveillance, and emergency response. Although this workshop summary provides an account of the individual presentations, it also reflects an important aspect of the Forum philosophy. The workshop functions as a dialogue among representatives from different sectors and presents their beliefs on which areas may merit further attention. However, the reader should be aware that the material presented here expresses the views and opinions of the individuals participating in the workshop and not the deliberations of a formally constituted IOM study committee. These proceedings summarize only what participants stated in the workshop and are not intended to be an exhaustive exploration of the subject matter or a representation of consensus evaluation.