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Other Minds by Peter Godfrey-Smith

Title Other Minds
Author Peter Godfrey-Smith
Publisher Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Release Date 2016-12-06
Category Science
Total Pages 272
ISBN 9780374712808
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Although mammals and birds are widely regarded as the smartest creatures on earth, it has lately become clear that a very distant branch of the tree of life has also sprouted higher intelligence: the cephalopods, consisting of the squid, the cuttlefish, and above all the octopus. In captivity, octopuses have been known to identify individual human keepers, raid neighboring tanks for food, turn off lightbulbs by spouting jets of water, plug drains, and make daring escapes. How is it that a creature with such gifts evolved through an evolutionary lineage so radically distant from our own? What does it mean that evolution built minds not once but at least twice? The octopus is the closest we will come to meeting an intelligent alien. What can we learn from the encounter? In Other Minds, Peter Godfrey-Smith, a distinguished philosopher of science and a skilled scuba diver, tells a bold new story of how subjective experience crept into being—how nature became aware of itself. As Godfrey-Smith stresses, it is a story that largely occurs in the ocean, where animals first appeared. Tracking the mind’s fitful development, Godfrey-Smith shows how unruly clumps of seaborne cells began living together and became capable of sensing, acting, and signaling. As these primitive organisms became more entangled with others, they grew more complicated. The first nervous systems evolved, probably in ancient relatives of jellyfish; later on, the cephalopods, which began as inconspicuous mollusks, abandoned their shells and rose above the ocean floor, searching for prey and acquiring the greater intelligence needed to do so. Taking an independent route, mammals and birds later began their own evolutionary journeys. But what kind of intelligence do cephalopods possess? Drawing on the latest scientific research and his own scuba-diving adventures, Godfrey-Smith probes the many mysteries that surround the lineage. How did the octopus, a solitary creature with little social life, become so smart? What is it like to have eight tentacles that are so packed with neurons that they virtually “think for themselves”? What happens when some octopuses abandon their hermit-like ways and congregate, as they do in a unique location off the coast of Australia? By tracing the question of inner life back to its roots and comparing human beings with our most remarkable animal relatives, Godfrey-Smith casts crucial new light on the octopus mind—and on our own.

Other Minds by Peter Godfrey-Smith

Title Other Minds
Author Peter Godfrey-Smith
Publisher Macmillan
Release Date 2016-12-06
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 272
ISBN 9780374227760
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Although mammals and birds are widely regarded as the smartest creatures on earth, it has lately become clear that a very distant branch of the tree of life has also sprouted higher intelligence: the cephalopods, consisting of the squid, the cuttlefish, and above all the octopus. In captivity, octopuses have been known to identify individual human keepers, raid neighboring tanks for food, turn off lightbulbs by spouting jets of water, plug drains, and make daring escapes. How is it that a creature with such gifts evolved through an evolutionary lineage so radically distant from our own? What does it mean that evolution built minds not once but at least twice? The octopus is the closest we will come to meeting an intelligent alien. What can we learn from the encounter? In Other Minds, Peter Godfrey-Smith, a distinguished philosopher of science and a skilled scuba diver, tells a bold new story of how subjective experience crept into being—how nature became aware of itself. As Godfrey-Smith stresses, it is a story that largely occurs in the ocean, where animals first appeared. Tracking the mind’s fitful development, Godfrey-Smith shows how unruly clumps of seaborne cells began living together and became capable of sensing, acting, and signaling. As these primitive organisms became more entangled with others, they grew more complicated. The first nervous systems evolved, probably in ancient relatives of jellyfish; later on, the cephalopods, which began as inconspicuous mollusks, abandoned their shells and rose above the ocean floor, searching for prey and acquiring the greater intelligence needed to do so. Taking an independent route, mammals and birds later began their own evolutionary journeys. But what kind of intelligence do cephalopods possess? Drawing on the latest scientific research and his own scuba-diving adventures, Godfrey-Smith probes the many mysteries that surround the lineage. How did the octopus, a solitary creature with little social life, become so smart? What is it like to have eight tentacles that are so packed with neurons that they virtually “think for themselves”? What happens when some octopuses abandon their hermit-like ways and congregate, as they do in a unique location off the coast of Australia? By tracing the question of inner life back to its roots and comparing human beings with our most remarkable animal relatives, Godfrey-Smith casts crucial new light on the octopus mind—and on our own.

Other Minds by Anita Avramides

Title Other Minds
Author Anita Avramides
Publisher Routledge
Release Date 2000-12-14
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 352
ISBN 9781135199388
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

How do we know whether there are other minds besides our own? The problem of other minds raises many questions which are at the root of all philosophical investigations - how it is we know, what is the mind and can we be certain about any of our beliefs? In this compelling analysis of 'other minds' Anita Avramides traces the question from the Ancient Sceptics through to Descartes, Malebranche, Locke, Berkeley, Reid and Wittgenstein. The second part of the book explores the views of influential contemporary philosophers such as Strawson, Davidson, Nagel and Searle. Other Minds provides a clear insightful introduction to one of the most important problems in philosophy. It will prove invaluable to all students of philosophy.

Other Minds by Bertram F. Malle

Title Other Minds
Author Bertram F. Malle
Publisher Guilford Press
Release Date 2007-01-08
Category Psychology
Total Pages 354
ISBN 9781593854683
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Leading scholars from psychology, neuroscience, and philosophy present theories and findings on understanding how individuals infer such complex mental states as beliefs, desires, intentions, and emotions.

Other Minds by Alec Hyslop

Title Other Minds
Author Alec Hyslop
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2013-03-09
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 168
ISBN 9789401585101
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book has been a long time in the making. Other issues have taken me away from it from time to extended time. But I kept coming back to the problem of other minds. It has remained a great issue, it is much contested still, and it is, after all, elose to us all. I like believing that the time taken has deepened my understanding of the problem and how it is to be handled. Other people, some by disagreeing vehemently, have helped greatly. I mention in particular, Brian Ellis, Robert Fox, Graeme Marshali, Tim Oakley, Ray Pinkerton and Robert Young. Robert Pargetter argued with me, and kept insisting that I write this book. John Bigelow, Michael Bradley, Keith Campbell, Frank Jackson, and William Lycan assisted by reading an earlier version and providing valued comments. Frank Jackson has been specially helpful, not just on this topic. He can be blamed for initially causing me to take the analogical inference seriously. Tbe La Trobe Philosophy Department has been a good place to do philosophy. I am grateful to Suzanne Hayster, Sandra Paul, and Betty Pritchard for struggling at various times with various recalcitrant manuscripts. Most particularly I thank Gai Larkin. She has seen the project through, with considerably more than efficiency.

Other Minds by Thomas Nagel

Title Other Minds
Author Thomas Nagel
Publisher Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date 1999
Category Religion
Total Pages 229
ISBN 9780195132465
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Over the past twenty-five years, Thomas Nagel has played a major role in the philosophico-biological debate on subjectivity and consciousness. This extensive collection of published essays and reviews offers Nagel's opinionated views on the philosophy of mind, epistemology, and political philosophy, as well as on fellow philosophers like Freud, Wittgenstein, Rawls, Dennett, Chomsky, Searle, Nozick, Dworkin, and MacIntyre.

God And Other Minds by Alvin Plantinga

Title God and Other Minds
Author Alvin Plantinga
Publisher Cornell University Press
Release Date 1990
Category Religion
Total Pages 277
ISBN 0801497353
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Different Minds by Deirdre V. Lovecky

Title Different Minds
Author Deirdre V. Lovecky
Publisher Jessica Kingsley Publishers
Release Date 2004
Category Family & Relationships
Total Pages 525
ISBN 9781853029646
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Explaining why certain children are gifted and how giftedness is manifested, each chapter addresses the relevance for children with AD/HD and Asperger Syndrome. Lovecky guides parents and professionals through methods of diagnosis and advises on how best to nurture individual needs, positive behaviour and relationships at home and at school.

Understanding Other Minds by Helen Tager-Flusberg

Title Understanding Other Minds
Author Helen Tager-Flusberg
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release Date 2013-08-22
Category Medical
Total Pages 498
ISBN 9780199692972
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Why do children with autism have such trouble developing normal social understanding of other people's feelings? This new edition updates the field by linking autism research to the newest methods for studying the brain

Other Minds by Peter Godfrey-Smith

Title Other Minds
Author Peter Godfrey-Smith
Publisher William Collins
Release Date 2017-03-09
Category Animal communication
Total Pages 272
ISBN 000822627X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

'Brilliant' Guardian 'Fascinating and often delightful' The Times What if intelligent life on Earth evolved not once, but twice? The octopus is the closest we will come to meeting an intelligent alien. What can we learn from the encounter? In Other Minds, Peter Godfrey-Smith, a distinguished philosopher of science and a skilled scuba diver, tells a bold new story of how nature became aware of itself - a story that largely occurs in the ocean, where animals first appeared. Tracking the mind's fitful development from unruly clumps of seaborne cells to the first evolved nervous systems in ancient relatives of jellyfish, he explores the incredible evolutionary journey of the cephalopods, which began as inconspicuous molluscs who would later abandon their shells to rise above the ocean floor, searching for prey and acquiring the greater intelligence needed to do so - a journey completely independent from the route that mammals and birds would later take. But what kind of intelligence do cephalopods possess? How did the octopus, a solitary creature with little social life, become so smart? What is it like to have eight tentacles that are so packed with neurons that they virtually 'think for themselves'? By tracing the question of inner life back to its roots and comparing human beings with our most remarkable animal relatives, Godfrey-Smith casts crucial new light on the octopus mind - and on our own.

Context As Other Minds by Talmy Givón

Title Context as Other Minds
Author Talmy Givón
Publisher John Benjamins Publishing
Release Date 2005-01-01
Category Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Pages 283
ISBN 902723227X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Givon's new book re-casts pragmatics, and most conspicuously the pragmatics of sociality and communication, in neuro-cognitive, bio-adaptive, evolutionary terms. The fact that context, the core notion of pragmatics, is a framing operation undertaken on the fly through judgements of relevance, has been well known since Aristotle, Kant and Peirce. But the context that is relevant to the pragmatics of sociality and communication is a highly specific mental operation — the mental modeling of the interlocutor's current, rapidly shifting belief-and-intention states. The construed context of social interaction and communication is thus a mental representation of other minds. Following a condensed intellectual history of pragmatics, the book investigates the adaptive pragmatics of lexical-semantic categories — the 1st-order framing of “reality", what cognitive psychologists call “semantic memory”. Utilizing the network model, the book then takes a fresh look at the adaptive underpinnings of metaphoric meaning. The core chapters of the book outline the re-interpretation of “communicative context” as the systematic, on-line construction of mental models of the interlocutor's current, rapidly-shifting states of belief and intention. This grand theme is elaborated through examples from the grammar of referential coherence, verbal modalities and clause-chaining. In its final chapters, the book pushes pragmatics beyond its traditional bounds, surveying its interdisciplinary implications for philosophy of science, theory of personality, personality disorders and the calculus of social interaction.

Wittgenstein And Other Minds by Soren Overgaard

Title Wittgenstein and Other Minds
Author Soren Overgaard
Publisher Routledge
Release Date 2013-07-04
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 216
ISBN 9781135198152
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

A compelling new approach to the problem that has haunted twentieth century philosophy in both its analytical and continental shapes. No other book addresses as thoroughly the parallels between Wittgenstein and leading Continental philosophers such as Levinas, Husserl, and Heidegger.

Title Wittgenstein A Guide for the Perplexed
Author Mark Addis
Publisher A&C Black
Release Date 2006-04-24
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 167
ISBN 9780826484963
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Presenting a commentary on the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein, this book offers guidance to reading Wittgenstein and a methodology for interpreting his works. It covers the entirety of Wittgenstein's career, examining the relationship between the early, middle and later periods of his philosophy.

Other Minds by John Wisdom

Title Other Minds
Author John Wisdom
Publisher Univ of California Press
Release Date 1996
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN 9203456XXXX
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Changing Minds by Howard Gardner

Title Changing Minds
Author Howard Gardner
Publisher Harvard Business Review Press
Release Date 2006-09-01
Category Business & Economics
Total Pages 272
ISBN 9781633690653
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Think about the last time you tried to change someone’s mind about something important: a voter’s political beliefs; a customer’s favorite brand; a spouse’s decorating taste. Chances are you weren’t successful in shifting that person’s beliefs in any way. In his book, Changing Minds, Harvard psychologist Howard Gardner explains what happens during the course of changing a mind – and offers ways to influence that process. Remember that we don’t change our minds overnight, it happens in gradual stages that can be powerfully influenced along the way. This book provides insights that can broaden our horizons and shape our lives.

Title David Hume and the Problem of Other Minds
Author Anik Waldow
Publisher A&C Black
Release Date 2011-10-20
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 218
ISBN 9781441151407
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The problem of other minds has widely been considered as a special problem within the debate about scepticism. If one cannot be sure that there is a world existing independent ly of one's mind, how can we be sure that there are minds - minds which we cannot even experience the way we experience material objects? This book shows, through a detailed examination of David Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature, that these concerns are unfounded. By focusing on Hume's discussion of sympathy - the ability to connect with the mental contents of other persons - Anik Waldow demonstrates that belief in other minds can be justified by the same means as belief in material objects. The book thus not only provides the first large-scale treatment of the function of the belief in other minds within the Treatise, thereby adding a new dimension to Hume's realism, but also serves as an invaluable guide to the complexity of the problem of other minds and its various responses in contemporary debate.

The Primate Mind by Frans B. M. de Waal

Title The Primate Mind
Author Frans B. M. de Waal
Publisher Harvard University Press
Release Date 2012-01-02
Category Psychology
Total Pages 416
ISBN 9780674062917
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

"'Monkey see, monkey do' may sound simple, but how an individual perceives and processes the behavior of another is one of the most complex and fascinating questions related to the social life of humans and other primates. In The Primate Mind, experts from around the world take a bottom-up approach to primate social behavior by investigating how the primate mind connects with other minds and exploring the shared neurological basis for imitation, joint action, cooperative behavior, and empathy. In the past, there has been a tendency to ask all-or-nothing questions, such as whether primates possess a theory of mind, have self-awareness, or have culture. A bottom-up approach asks, rather, what are the underlying cognitive processes of such capacities, some of which may be rather basic and widespread. Prominent neuroscientists, psychologists, ethologists, and primatologists use methods ranging from developmental psychology to neurophysiology and neuroimaging to explore these evolutionary foundations. A good example is mirror neurons, first discovered in monkeys but also assumed to be present in humans, that enable a fusing between one's own motor system and the perceived actions of others. This allows individuals to read body language and respond to the emotions of others, interpret their actions and intentions, synchronize and coordinate activities, anticipate the behavior of others, and learn from them. The remarkable social sophistication of primates rests on these basic processes, which are extensively discussed in the pages of this volume."--The dust-jacket front flap.

Title Darwinian Populations and Natural Selection
Author Peter Godfrey-Smith
Publisher OUP Oxford
Release Date 2009-03-26
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 218
ISBN 9780191609558
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In 1859 Darwin described a deceptively simple mechanism that he called "natural selection," a combination of variation, inheritance, and reproductive success. He argued that this mechanism was the key to explaining the most puzzling features of the natural world, and science and philosophy were changed forever as a result. The exact nature of the Darwinian process has been controversial ever since, however. Godfrey-Smith draws on new developments in biology, philosophy of science, and other fields to give a new analysis and extension of Darwin's idea. The central concept used is that of a "Darwinian population," a collection of things with the capacity to undergo change by natural selection. From this starting point, new analyses of the role of genes in evolution, the application of Darwinian ideas to cultural change, and "evolutionary transitions" that produce complex organisms and societies are developed. Darwinian Populations and Natural Selection will be essential reading for anyone interested in evolutionary theory

Intrapersonal Communication by Donna R. Vocate

Title Intrapersonal Communication
Author Donna R. Vocate
Publisher Routledge
Release Date 2012-12-06
Category Language Arts & Disciplines
Total Pages 240
ISBN 9781136601842
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Intrapersonal communication is a relatively new phenomenon for communication study and still lacks the grounding of a sound theoretical base. The first to present a developed theory of this discipline, this book's goal is to provide graduate students and professionals with an organized point of departure for their research. The theoretical section begins with an intrapersonal communication theory derived from the sociogenetic views of George Herbert Mead and L.S. Vygotsky. This theory emphasizes social interaction, the developmental nature of mind, and the crucial role of speech in creating a self, a culture, and a mind which then interact in human intrapersonal communication. This section also provides the reader with a coherent interdisciplinary knowledge base taken from speech communication, biology, neurology, cultural psychology, anthropology, sociology, speech pathology, and linguistics. The integrated theoretical perspective that results makes the study compatible with communication scholarship focusing on the social, cultural, cognitive, or performance aspects of communication phenomena. The applications section examines neurophysiological/intrapersonal communication research methods and studies to date, together with specific applications of intrapersonal communication theory to childhood language acquisition, to the establishment of gender identities, and to intrapersonal competence. The final chapter presents pedagogical guidance on how we can influence intrapersonal competence and performance as well as commenting on the current state of this study and its future prospects. The editor's interstitial commentary facilitates access by readers wishing to constuct their own theory.

Mindreading Animals by Robert W. Lurz

Title Mindreading Animals
Author Robert W. Lurz
Publisher MIT Press
Release Date 2011
Category Nature
Total Pages 245
ISBN 9780262016056
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Animals live in a world of other minds, human and nonhuman, and their well-being andsurvival often depends on what is going on in the minds of these other creatures. But do animalsknow that other creatures have minds? And how would we know if they do? In MindreadingAnimals, Robert Lurz offers a fresh approach to the hotly debated question of mental-stateattribution in nonhuman animals. Some empirical researchers and philosophers claim that some animalsare capable of anticipating other creatures' behaviors by interpreting observable cues as signs ofunderlying mental states; others claim that animals are merely clever behavior-readers, capable ofusing such cues to anticipate others' behaviors without interpreting them as evidence of underlyingmental states. Lurz argues that neither position is compelling, and proposes a way to move thedebate, and the field, forward. Lurz presents a new approach to understanding whatmindreading in animals might be, offering a bottom-up model of mental-state attribution that isbuilt upon cognitive abilities that animals are known to possess rather than on a preconceived viewof the mind applicable to mindreading abilities in humans. Lurz goes on to describe an innovativeseries of new experimental protocols for animal mindreading research that overcome a persistentmethodological problem in the field, known as the "logical problem" or "Povinelli's challenge."These protocols show in detail how various types of animals -- from apes to monkeys to ravens todogs -- can be tested for perceptual state and belief attribution.