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Title Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom
Author Helge Kragh
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release Date 2012-05-03
Category Biography & Autobiography
Total Pages 410
ISBN 9780199654987
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom gives a comprehensive account of the birth, development, and decline of Bohr's atomic theory. It presents the theory in a broad context which includes not only its technical aspects, but also its reception, dissemination, and applications in both physics and chemistry.

Title Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom
Author Helge Kragh
Publisher OUP Oxford
Release Date 2012-05-03
Category Science
Total Pages 416
ISBN 9780191630460
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom is the first book that focuses in detail on the birth and development of Bohr's atomic theory and gives a comprehensive picture of it. At the same time it offers new insight into Bohr's peculiar way of thinking, what Einstein once called his 'unique instinct and tact'. Contrary to most other accounts of the Bohr atom, the book presents it in a broader perspective which includes the reception among other scientists and the criticism launched against it by scientists of a more conservative inclination. Moreover, it discusses the theory as Bohr originally conceived it, namely, as an ambitious theory covering the structure of atoms as well as molecules. By discussing the theory in its entirety it becomes possible to understand why it developed as it did and thereby to use it as an example of the dynamics of scientific theories.

Title Love Literature and the Quantum Atom
Author Finn Aaserud
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release Date 2013-07-18
Category Biography & Autobiography
Total Pages 284
ISBN 9780199680283
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Niels Bohr ranks with Einstein among the physicists of the 20th century. He rose to this status through his invention of the quantum theory of the atom and his leadership in its defense and development. This book presents unpublished excerpts from extensive correspondence between Niels Bohr and his immediate family, and uses it to describe and analyze the psychological and cultural background to his invention. It also contains a reprinting of the three papers of1913 (the Trilogy in which Bohr worked out the provisional basis of his theory.

Title Atomic Physics and Human Knowledge
Author Niels Bohr
Publisher Pickle Partners Publishing
Release Date 2017-01-12
Category Science
Total Pages 97
ISBN 9781787208933
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This collection of articles, which were first published in 1958 and written on various occasions between 1932 and 1957, forms a sequel to Danish physician Niels Bohr’s earlier essays in Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature (1934). “The theme of the papers is the epistemological lesson which the modern development of atomic physics has given us and its relevance for analysis and synthesis in many fields of human knowledge. “The articles in the previous edition were written at a time when the establishment of the mathematical methods of quantum mechanics had created a firm foundation for the consistent treatment of atomic phenomena, and the conditions for an unambiguous account of experience within this framework were characterized by the notion of complementarity. In the papers collected here, this approach is further developed in logical formulation and given broader application.”

Quantum Theory by Niels Bohr

Title Quantum Theory
Author Niels Bohr
Publisher Great Works That Shape Our Wor
Release Date 2019-09-16
Category Science
Total Pages 320
ISBN 1787556824
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Quantum Theory contains the seminal works of quantum theory from the early years of the 20th Century, representing breakthroughs in science that radically altered the landscape of modern knowledge: Quantum Theory of Line-Spectra by Niels Bohr and The Origin and Development of the Quantum Theory by Max Planck. FLAME TREE's Great Works That Shape Our World is a new series of definitive books drawing on ancient, medieval and modern writing. Created to entertain, inform and enrich the new series brings infinite variety to refresh the mind, presented in beautiful editions for the modern market. Each book features a new, accessible introduction placing the book in context both as part of the new series, and its special contribution to the advancement of human understanding. New Introductions specially written for these editions examine the significance of each work, their impact at time of publication, and their influence today.

Title Niels Bohr on the Application of the Quantum Theory to Atomic Structure Part 1 The Fundamental Postulates
Author Niels Bohr
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release Date 2011-06-16
Category Science
Total Pages 48
ISBN 9781107681583
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Niels Bohr (1885-1962) was a Danish physicist who played a key role in the development of atomic theory and quantum mechanics, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1922. First published in 1924, this concise volume provides an English translation of a 1923 German language essay which appeared in the Zeitschrift für Physik journal. It concerns itself with the fundamental postulates of quantum theory, aiming to present the principles of the theory in such a way that their application appears free from contradiction. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in Bohr's contribution to physics.

Niels Bohr And Complementarity by Arkady Plotnitsky

Title Niels Bohr and Complementarity
Author Arkady Plotnitsky
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2012-09-05
Category Science
Total Pages 199
ISBN 9781461445173
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book offers a discussion of Niels Bohr’s conception of “complementarity,” arguably his greatest contribution to physics and philosophy. By tracing Bohr’s work from his 1913 atomic theory to the introduction and then refinement of the idea of complementarity, and by explicating different meanings of “complementarity” in Bohr and the relationships between it and Bohr’s other concepts, the book aims to offer a contained and accessible, and yet sufficiently comprehensive account of Bohr’s work on complementarity and its significance.

Title On the Quantum Theory of Line spectra
Author Niels Bohr
Publisher Courier Corporation
Release Date 2005
Category Science
Total Pages 118
ISBN 9780486442488
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This classic work by the Nobel Laureate elaborates on the correspondence principle, discussing the theory's applications from a uniform point of view and considering the underlying assumptions in their relations to ordinary mechanics and electrodynamics. Bohr closely traces the analogy between quantum theory and ordinary theory of radiation. 1918-1922 editions.

Niels Bohr S Times by Abraham Pais

Title Niels Bohr s Times
Author Abraham Pais
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release Date 1991-10-17
Category Biography & Autobiography
Total Pages 596
ISBN 9780192522306
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The life of Niels Bohr spanned times of revolutionary change in science itself as well as its impact on society. Along with Albert Einstein, Bohr can be considered to be this century's major driving force behind the new philosophical and mathematical descriptions of the structure of the atom and the nucleus. Abraham Pais, the acclaimed biogrpaher of Albert Einstein, here traces Bohr's progress from his well-to-do origins in late nineteenth-century Denmark to his position at centre stage in the world political scene, particularly during the Second World War and the development of atomic weapons. Pais' description moves through the science as it was before Bohr, as it became because of Bohr, and thence to Bohr's scientific and philosophical legacy. That legacy is contained both in theory as it is now universally enshrined, as well as in its practice in such great Danish institutions as Riso. But more than that, Pais captures the essence of Bohr, the intensely private family figure who, despite appalling personal tragedy, became one of the most loved cultural figures of recent times.

Quantum by Manjit Kumar

Title Quantum
Author Manjit Kumar
Publisher Icon Books Ltd
Release Date 2008-10-02
Category Science
Total Pages 455
ISBN 9781848311039
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

'This is about gob-smacking science at the far end of reason ... Take it nice and easy and savour the experience of your mind being blown without recourse to hallucinogens' Nicholas Lezard, Guardian For most people, quantum theory is a byword for mysterious, impenetrable science. And yet for many years it was equally baffling for scientists themselves. In this magisterial book, Manjit Kumar gives a dramatic and superbly-written history of this fundamental scientific revolution, and the divisive debate at its core. Quantum theory looks at the very building blocks of our world, the particles and processes without which it could not exist. Yet for 60 years most physicists believed that quantum theory denied the very existence of reality itself. In this tour de force of science history, Manjit Kumar shows how the golden age of physics ignited the greatest intellectual debate of the twentieth century. Quantum theory is weird. In 1905, Albert Einstein suggested that light was a particle, not a wave, defying a century of experiments. Werner Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and Erwin Schrodinger's famous dead-and-alive cat are similarly strange. As Niels Bohr said, if you weren't shocked by quantum theory, you didn't really understand it. While "Quantum" sets the science in the context of the great upheavals of the modern age, Kumar's centrepiece is the conflict between Einstein and Bohr over the nature of reality and the soul of science. 'Bohr brainwashed a whole generation of physicists into believing that the problem had been solved', lamented the Nobel Prize-winning physicist Murray Gell-Mann. But in "Quantum", Kumar brings Einstein back to the centre of the quantum debate. "Quantum" is the essential read for anyone fascinated by this complex and thrilling story and by the band of brilliant men at its heart.

Title Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature
Author Niels Bohr
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release Date 2011-06-16
Category Science
Total Pages 128
ISBN 9781107628052
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Niels Bohr (1885-1962) was a Danish physicist who played a key role in the development of atomic theory and quantum mechanics, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1922. Originally written for various journals during the 1920s, these articles investigate the epistemological significance of discoveries in quantum physics.

Atoms Metaphors And Paradoxes by Sandro Petruccioli

Title Atoms Metaphors and Paradoxes
Author Sandro Petruccioli
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release Date 2006-11-23
Category Science
Total Pages 252
ISBN 0521031885
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book gives a detailed study of the development and the interpretation given to Niels Bohr's Principle of Correspondence. It also describes the role that this principle played in guiding Bohr's research over the critical period from 1920 to 1927. Quantum mechanics, developed in the 1920s and 1930s by Bohr, Heisenberg, Born, Schrödinger and Dirac, represents one of the most profound turning points in science. This theory required a wholly new kind of physics in which many of the principles, concepts and models representing reality, that had formed the basis of classical physics since Galileo and Newton, had to be abandoned. This book re-examines the birth of quantum mechanics, in particular examining the development of crucial and original insights of Niels Bohr.

Title Foundations of Quantum Physics II 1933 1958
Author J. Kalckar
Publisher Elsevier
Release Date 2013-10-22
Category Science
Total Pages 534
ISBN 0080871054
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Volume 7 is a direct continuation of Volume 6, which documented the birth of the complementarity argument and its earliest elaborations. It covers the extension and refinement of the complementarity argument from 1933 until Bohrs' death in 1962. All Bohr's publications on the subject, together with selected manuscripts and extracts of his correspondence with friends and fellow pioneers such as Werner Heisenberg and Wolfgang Pauli, are included. Divided into two, largely independent parts, the volume begins with Bohr's contributions to "Relativistic Quantum Theory". Together with Léon Rosenfeld, Bohr undertook a thorough investigation of the measuring problem in quantum electrodynamics and demonstrated the full accordance between the formalism and the result of idealized thought experiments. The articles in the second part, although also restricted in scope to the field of physics, address a broader audience. One of the most impressive treatises is Bohr's own account of his debates with Albert Einstein, over more than twenty years, on the consistency, the completeness and the epistemological consequences of quantum mechanics. Volumes 6 and 7 of the Collected Works are in turn related to the forthcoming Volume 10 which broadens the scope by presenting Bohr's applications of the complementarity argument beyond the domain of physics. Although each volume may be read independently, careful attention should be paid to the interrelationships between each volume in order to appreciate the subtlety of Bohr's continued elaboration and fine-tuning of his complementarity argument.

Title Redirecting Science Niels Bohr Philanthropy and the Rise of Nuclear Physics
Author Finn Aaserud
Publisher Plunkett Lake Press
Release Date 2019-08-17
Category Science
Total Pages 86
ISBN 9203456XXXX
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

How and why do complex scientific disciplines such as physics change emphasis from one sub-discipline to another? Do such transitions stem entirely from developments within the discipline itself or also from external factors? This book addresses these questions by examining the transition from atomic to nuclear physics, theoretically and experimentally, at Niels Bohr’s Institute for Theoretical Physics in Copenhagen in the 1930s. On the basis of extensive archival research, Finn Aaserud shows that the “Copenhagen spirit,” the playful research atmosphere under Bohr’s fatherly guidance that permeated the Institute, thrived because of extra-scientific circumstances that Bohr exploited to the fullest, such as the need to help Jewish physicists out of Hitler’s Germany and the changing funding policies of private foundations, notably those of the Rockefeller Foundation which made it opportune to introduce research in experimental biology at the Institute. “A clear, carefully developed and substantially convincing argument... Aaserud gives a detailed and impressively documented account of the direction of Bohr’s scientific interests... Aaserud is... to be congratulated for his original, clear — indeed, didactic — work of scholarship and enlightenment.” — Paul Forman, Physics Today “A professional historian’s study of the happenings at the Niels Bohr Institute in the decisive years 1930 to 1940... In particular, the... support of the Institute by Danish and other foundations, mainly the Rockefeller Foundation, are treated in great detail, revealing many interesting aspects of these relationships... The detailed accounts... of Bohr’s negotiations are a testimony to Bohr’s uncanny ability to get what he wanted from the various foundations... Aaserud’s book is an invaluable source of information [showing] that Bohr was not only an inspiring physicist and philosopher but also a cunning negotiator who knew how to make use of his great reputation for the benefit of science.” — Victor F. Weisskopf, Science “Aaserud elucidates Bohr’s skills not only as mentor and guiding hand behind the ‘Copenhagen spirit,’ but also as financial negotiator.” — Neil Wasserman, Isis, A Journal of the History of Science Society “This book teaches us that running such [a truly elite] institution required entrepreneurial skills as well as scientific genius. Bohr had an abundance of both.” — Jeremy Bernstein, Nature “Redirecting Science is the history of Bohr’s institute during the 1930s when it experienced a drastic change in its research priorities, from a laissez-faire mode of work and lack of clearly defined research programme to a concerted research effort in nuclear physics and experimental biology... Aaserud gives a highly interesting account of the interaction between physics and biology... Aaserud’s carefully documented work is an excellent example of how institutional history may transcend social and institutional limitations and integrate also conceptual history of science.” — Helge Kragh, Centaurus “By showing that a new research programme at one of the most important scientific institutes in the world was triggered, and pushed forward, by social and financial considerations, this book delivers yet another blow to the tired old idea that scientific knowledge is driven by its own internal, inexorable logic. It also throws valuable light on Bohr’s activities and strategies as a fundraiser and institution builder.” — John Krige, The British Journal for the History of Science

Uncertainty by David Lindley

Title Uncertainty
Author David Lindley
Publisher Anchor
Release Date 2008-02-12
Category Science
Total Pages 272
ISBN 9780307389480
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The gripping, entertaining, and vividly-told narrative of a radical discovery that sent shockwaves through the scientific community and forever changed the way we understand the world. Werner Heisenberg’s “uncertainty principle” challenged centuries of scientific understanding, placed him in direct opposition to Albert Einstein, and put Niels Bohr in the middle of one of the most heated debates in scientific history. Heisenberg’s theorem stated that there were physical limits to what we could know about sub-atomic particles; this “uncertainty” would have shocking implications. In a riveting and lively account, David Lindley captures this critical episode and explains one of the most important scientific discoveries in history, which has since transcended the boundaries of science and influenced everything from literary theory to television.

The Big Picture by Sean Carroll

Title The Big Picture
Author Sean Carroll
Publisher Penguin
Release Date 2016-05-10
Category Science
Total Pages 480
ISBN 9780698409767
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The instant New York Times bestseller about humanity's place in the universe—and how we understand it. “Vivid...impressive....Splendidly informative.”—The New York Times “Succeeds spectacularly.”—Science “A tour de force.”—Salon Already internationally acclaimed for his elegant, lucid writing on the most challenging notions in modern physics, Sean Carroll is emerging as one of the greatest humanist thinkers of his generation as he brings his extraordinary intellect to bear not only on Higgs bosons and extra dimensions but now also on our deepest personal questions: Where are we? Who are we? Are our emotions, our beliefs, and our hopes and dreams ultimately meaningless out there in the void? Do human purpose and meaning fit into a scientific worldview? In short chapters filled with intriguing historical anecdotes, personal asides, and rigorous exposition, readers learn the difference between how the world works at the quantum level, the cosmic level, and the human level—and then how each connects to the other. Carroll's presentation of the principles that have guided the scientific revolution from Darwin and Einstein to the origins of life, consciousness, and the universe is dazzlingly unique. Carroll shows how an avalanche of discoveries in the past few hundred years has changed our world and what really matters to us. Our lives are dwarfed like never before by the immensity of space and time, but they are redeemed by our capacity to comprehend it and give it meaning. The Big Picture is an unprecedented scientific worldview, a tour de force that will sit on shelves alongside the works of Stephen Hawking, Carl Sagan, Daniel Dennett, and E. O. Wilson for years to come.

Title The Creation of Quantum Mechanics and the Bohr Pauli Dialogue
Author J. Hendry
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2012-12-06
Category Science
Total Pages 180
ISBN 9789400962774
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Many books have been written on the history of quantum mechanics. So far as I am aware, however, this is the first to incorporate the results of the large amount of detailed scholarly research completed by professional historians of physics over the past fifteen years. It is also, I believe, the first since Max Jammer's pioneering study of fifteen years ago to attempt a genuine 'history' as opposed to a mere technical report or popular or semi-popular account. My aims in making this attempt have been to satisfy the needs of historians of science and, more especially, to promote a serious interest in the history of science among phYSicists and physics students. Since the creation of quantum mechanics was inevitably a technical process conducted through the medium of technical language it has been impossible to avoid the introduction of a large amount of such language. Some acquaintance with quantum mechanics, corresponding to that obtained through an undergraduate physics course, has accordingly been assumed. I have tried to ensure, however, that such an acquaintance should be sufficient as well as necessary, and even someone with only the most basic grounding in physics should be able with judicious skip ping, to get through the book. The technical details are essential to the dialogue, but the plot proceeds and can, I hope, be understood on a non technical level.

Title Einstein Bohr and the Quantum Dilemma
Author Andrew Whitaker
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release Date 1996
Category Science
Total Pages 349
ISBN 0521484286
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book explores the debate between Einstein and Bohr in the 1920s and 1930s about their interpretations of the quantum theory.

Title Niels Bohr Physics and the World
Author Herman Feshbach
Publisher Routledge
Release Date 2014-05-09
Category History
Total Pages 386
ISBN 9781317699163
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Containing the proceedings of the symposium held by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the birth of Niels Bohr, this collection was first published in 1988. More than any other individual, Bohr was responsible for the development of quantum mechanics and for many of its applications in the pursuit of fundamental understanding of physical reality. In addition to his unique role in the discovery and elucidation of quantum theory, Bohr led the study of the fission of nuclei and was greatly concerned with the impact of the existence of the atomic bomb in the post-World War II era. This unique volume provides a panoramic view of modern physics, some of the philosophical issues associated with quantum theory, the impact of this momentous scientific development on the political circumstance of the Cold War Era and the qualities of a superlative scientist.

Title The Oxford Handbook of the History of Physics
Author Jed Z. Buchwald
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release Date 2013-10
Category Science
Total Pages 945
ISBN 9780199696253
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Presents a history of physics, examining the theories and experimental practices of the science.