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Title Neutralization of VX Nerve Agent Without Stabilizer with Sodium Hydroxide
Author Anonim
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1998
Category
Total Pages 143
ISBN OCLC:946659281
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This report provides information from two tests studying the hot (90 degree) NaOH neutralization of VX without stabilizer in the 12 Liter Mettler reaction calorimeter. Both tests yielded a two phase (liquids) hydrolysate in which VX was not detected (20 ppb detection limit); and the volume of the upper phase appeared to be less than that generated in reactions of hot NaOH and VX with stabilizer. Aside from differences (attributed to stabilizer products) in the composition of the upper layer, the hydrolysate produced by the reaction of VX without stabilizer and hot NaOH appears to be chemically similar to that generated by the reaction of VX with stabilizer and NaOH.

Title Using Supercritical Water Oxidation to Treat Hydrolysate from VX Neutralization
Author National Research Council
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 1998-06-08
Category Science
Total Pages 82
ISBN 9780309060431
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The U.S. Army has asked the National Research Council (NRC) to evaluate whether supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) is an effective and appropriate means of eliminating hazardous or toxic organic constituents in VX hydrolysate for ultimate disposition. The NRC was not asked to conduct an in-depth analysis of the entire integrated VX bulk agent destruction and disposal process for the Newport Chemical Agent Disposal Facility. As the facility design is being finalized (March 1999-April 2000), the NRC will probably be asked to assess all aspects of the facility design, including monitoring, containment, process control, and redundancy, as well as the quantitative risk assessment (QRA). This report outlines the elements of the proposed neutralization/SCWO technology, evaluates the results of ongoing SCWO tests, and makes recommendations concerning aspects of the technology that require further development. The scope of this evaluation did not include evaluations of other potential technologies or management options for the treatment of VX hydrolysate.

Title Review and Evaluation of Alternative Chemical Disposal Technologies
Author National Research Council
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 1996-12-15
Category Political Science
Total Pages 272
ISBN 9780309055253
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In 1994 the National Research Council published Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions, which assessed the status of various alternative destruction technologies in comparison to the Army's baseline incineration system. The volume's main finding was that no alternative technology was preferable to incineration but that work should continue on the neutralization technologies under Army consideration. In light of the fact that alternative technologies have evolved since the 1994 study, this new volume evaluates five Army-chosen alternatives to the baseline incineration system for the disposal of the bulk nerve and mustard agent stored in ton containers at Army sites located in Newport, Indiana, and Aberdeen, Maryland, respectively. The committee assessed each technology by conducting site visits to the locations of the technology proponent companies and by meeting with state regulators and citizens of the affected areas. This volume makes recommendations to the Army on which, if any, of the five technologies has reached a level of maturity appropriate for consideration for pilot-scale testing at the two affected sites.

Title Review of Secondary Waste Disposal Planning for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants
Author National Research Council
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 2008-11-14
Category Political Science
Total Pages 84
ISBN 0309178533
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The U.S. Army Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives (PMACWA) is charged with disposing of chemical weapons as stored at two sites: Pueblo, Colorado, and Blue Grass, Kentucky. In accordance with congressional mandates, technologies other than incineration are to be used if they are as safe and as cost effective. The weapons are to be disposed of in compliance with the Chemical Weapons Convention. Although an element of the U.S. Army, the PMACWA is responsible to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Acquisitions, Technology, and Logistics for completing this mission. This book deals with the expected significant quantities of secondary wastes that will be generated during operations of the facilities and their closure. While there are only estimates for the waste quantities that will be generated, they provide a good basis for planning and developing alternatives for waste disposal while the plants are still in the design phase. Establishing efficient disposal options for the secondary wastes can enable more timely and cost-effective operation and closure of the facilities.

Title Hearing on National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 and Oversight of Previously Authorized Programs Before the Committee on Armed Services House of Representatives One Hundred Ninth Congress First Session
Author United States. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services. Subcommittee on Terrorism, Unconventional Threats, and Capabilities
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2008
Category Chemical weapons disposal
Total Pages 162
ISBN PSU:000063524963
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title Environmental Health Perspectives
Author Anonim
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1999
Category Environmental health
Total Pages 86
ISBN COLUMBIA:HR01299204
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Title Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons
Author National Research Council
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 1999-12-24
Category Science
Total Pages 266
ISBN 9780309066396
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This report examines seven disposal technologies being considered by the U.S. government as alternative methods to the process of incineration for destroying mortars, rockets, land mines, and other weapons that contain chemical warfare agents, such as mustard gas. These weapons are considered especially dangerous because they contain both chemical warfare agent and explosive materials in an assembled package that must be disassembled for destruction. The study identifies the strengths and weaknesses and advantages and disadvantages of each technology and assesses their potential for full-scale implementation.

Title Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment
Author Dr. Arup Roy
Publisher IWA Publishing
Release Date 2015-01-15
Category Science
Total Pages 220
ISBN 9781780406879
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment is a state of the art reference book. The book is particularly useful for wastewater technology development laboratories and organizations. All professional and academic areas connected with environmental engineering, nanotechnology based wastewater treatment and related product design are incorporated and provide an essentialresource. The book describes the application and synthesis of Ca-based and magnetic nano-materials and their potential application for removal/treatment of heavy metals from wastewater. Nanotechnology in Industrial Wastewater Treatment discusses the rapid wastewater treatment methods using Ca-based nanomaterials and magnetic nanomaterials. This is an emerging area of new science and technology in wastewater treatment. The main audiences for the book are water industry professionals, research scholars and students in the area of Environmental Engineering and Nanotechnology. Authors: Dr. Arup Roy Department of Mining Engineering, Geo-Environmental Lab., Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur,India; and Professor Jayanta Bhattacharya, Department of Mining Engineering, Geo-Environmental Lab., Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India.

Title The Chemistry and Technology of Magnesia
Author Mark A. Shand
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Release Date 2006-06-12
Category Technology & Engineering
Total Pages 240
ISBN 9780471980568
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

A Complete Guide to Magnesia-From Mining to End Use Often relegated to footnote status in texts, magnesia isnevertheless a valuable substance widely used in applicationsranging from wastewater treatment to catalysis. The Chemistry andTechnology of Magnesia fills the long-standing gap in theliterature with a comprehensive, one-stop reference to "all thingsmagnesia." The book brings together the many strands of information onmagnesium compounds, their production, testing and evaluation,technology, applications, and markets. Opening with an introductoryhistory of the chemical, it covers the life cycle of magnesia,natural and synthetic production, and uses in different fieldsincluding the environmental, health, and agricultural industries.Readers will find the section on health and safety issuesparticularly relevant. Chapters include: * The History of Magnesia * Synthetic Magnesia * Pulp Applications * Environmental Applications * Magnesia Cements * Furnaces and Kilns * Post Calcination Processing * Other Magnesia Products * Mining and Processing Magnesite * The Physical and Chemical Properties of Magnesium Oxide * Water and Wastewater Application for Magnesia Products * Magnesia in Polymer Applications * The Role of Magnesium in Animal, Plants, and HumanNutrition * Magnesium Salts and Magnesium Metal * The Formation and Occurrence of Magnesite * Calcination of Magnesium Hydroxide and Carbonate * Miscellaneous Magnesia Applications

Title Hydrogen Sulfide in Redox Biology
Author Anonim
Publisher Academic Press
Release Date 2015-02-25
Category Science
Total Pages 344
ISBN 9780128016237
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

These new volumes of Methods in Enzymology (554 and 555) on Hydrogen Sulfide Signaling continue the legacy established by previous volumes on another gasotransmitter, nitric oxide (Methods in Enzymology volumes 359, 396, 440, and 441), with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field of hydrogen sulfide research. These volumes of Methods in Enzymology were designed as a compendium for hydrogen sulfide detection methods, the pharmacological activity of hydrogen sulfide donors, the redox biochemistry of hydrogen sulfide and its metabolism in mammalian tissues, the mechanisms inherent in hydrogen sulfide cell signaling and transcriptional pathways, and cell signaling in specific systems, such as cardiovascular and nervous system as well as its function in inflammatory responses. Two chapters are also devoted to hydrogen sulfide in plants and a newcomer, molecular hydrogen, its function as a novel antioxidant. Continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters on hydrogen sulfide research authored by leaders in the field Covers conventional and new hydrogen sulfide detection methods Covers the pharmacological activity of hydrogen sulfide donors Contains chapters on important topics on hydrogen sulfide modulation of cell signaling and transcriptional pathways, and the the role of hydrogen sulfide in the cardiovascular and nervous systems and in inflammation

Title Transport of Fluids in Nanoporous Materials
Author Suresh K. Bhatia
Publisher MDPI
Release Date 2019-01-25
Category
Total Pages 260
ISBN 9783038975298
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Transport of Fluids in Nanoporous Materials" that was published in Processes

Title Advances in Chitin Chitosan Characterization and Applications
Author Marguerite Rinaudo
Publisher MDPI
Release Date 2019-04-23
Category Science
Total Pages 414
ISBN 9783038978022
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Functional advanced biopolymers have received far less attention than renewable biomass (cellulose, rubber, etc.) used for energy production. Among the most advanced biopolymers known is chitosan. The term chitosan refers to a family of polysaccharides obtained by partial de-N-acetylation from chitin, one of the most abundant renewable resources in the biosphere. Chitosan has been firmly established as having unique material properties as well as biological activities. Either in its native form or as a chemical derivative, chitosan is amenable to being processed—typically under mild conditions—into soft materials such as hydrogels, colloidal nanoparticles, or nanofibers. Given its multiple biological properties, including biodegradability, antimicrobial effects, gene transfectability, and metal adsorption—to name but a few—chitosan is regarded as a widely versatile building block in various sectors (e.g., agriculture, food, cosmetics, pharmacy) and for various applications (medical devices, metal adsorption, catalysis, etc.). This Special Issue presents an updated account addressing some of the major applications, including also chemical and enzymatic modifications of oligos and polymers. A better understanding of the properties that underpin the use of chitin and chitosan in different fields is key for boosting their more extensive industrial utilization, as well as to aid regulatory agencies in establishing specifications, guidelines, and standards for the different types of products and applications.

Manual Of Chemical Methods For Pesticides And Devices by United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Pesticide Programs. Chemical and Biological Investigations Branch

Title Manual of Chemical Methods for Pesticides and Devices
Author United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Pesticide Programs. Chemical and Biological Investigations Branch
Publisher Aoac International
Release Date 1976
Category Chemistry, Analytic
Total Pages 300
ISBN MINN:31951D00185027R
Language English, Spanish, and French
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The Inhibitor Index by Daniel Purich

Title The Inhibitor Index
Author Daniel Purich
Publisher CRC Press
Release Date 2017-07-20
Category Medical
Total Pages 1362
ISBN 9781351730679
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Metabolic inhibitors and receptor antagonists are indispensable tools for the molecular life scientist. By blocking specific enzymes or receptor-mediated signal transduction cascades, they simplify the analysis of complex cellular processes especially when it is essential to demonstrate that a process of interest is functionally linked to a particular enzyme or receptor. From antibiotics to statins, modern medicine relies on the reliability and ease-of-use of enzyme- and receptor-directed inhibitors and antagonists.The Inhibitor Index is a comprehensive, curated compendium of over 7,800 enzyme inhibitors and receptor antagonists, including many toxins, poisons, and metabolic uncouplers.

Title Modern Analytical Chemistry
Author David Harvey
Publisher McGraw-Hill Science, Engineering & Mathematics
Release Date 2000
Category Science
Total Pages 798
ISBN 0072375477
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Modern Analytical Chemistry is a one-semester introductory text that meets the needs of all instructors. With coverage in both traditional topics and modern-day topics, instructors will have the flexibilty to customize their course into what they feel is necessary for their students to comprehend the concepts of analytical chemistry.

Prudent Practices In The Laboratory by National Research Council

Title Prudent Practices in the Laboratory
Author National Research Council
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 2011-04-25
Category Science
Total Pages 360
ISBN 9780309138642
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Prudent Practices in the Laboratory--the book that has served for decades as the standard for chemical laboratory safety practice--now features updates and new topics. This revised edition has an expanded chapter on chemical management and delves into new areas, such as nanotechnology, laboratory security, and emergency planning. Developed by experts from academia and industry, with specialties in such areas as chemical sciences, pollution prevention, and laboratory safety, Prudent Practices in the Laboratory provides guidance on planning procedures for the handling, storage, and disposal of chemicals. The book offers prudent practices designed to promote safety and includes practical information on assessing hazards, managing chemicals, disposing of wastes, and more. Prudent Practices in the Laboratory will continue to serve as the leading source of chemical safety guidelines for people working with laboratory chemicals: research chemists, technicians, safety officers, educators, and students.

Title A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances
Author Pradyot Patnaik
Publisher Wiley-Interscience
Release Date 1999-08-13
Category Science
Total Pages 1008
ISBN UOM:39015042093420
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

More than just a compendium of hazardous materials, this book correlates the chemical structure of compounds to their hazardous properties, thereby allowing us to assess the toxicity of a substance even when no experimental data exists. Clearly illustrating the chemical structures of more than 1,500 chemicals from 46 different groups, this important update of the 1992 guide adds 1,000 new entries under specific classes of compounds along with major revisions in every other respect. Organics, metals and inorganics, industrial solvents, common gases, particulates, explosives, and radioactive substances are thoroughly examined for all facets of their primary characteristics-from toxicity and carcinogenicity to flammability and explosive reactivity to handling and disposal practices. Special features of the Second Edition include: * Fifteen new chapters covering teratogenic and addictive substances, organometallic compounds, sulfur mustards and esters, and much more * An up-to-date review of synonyms, CAS numbers, physical properties, uses, chemical analyses, and EPA and DOT status * Expanded coverage of pesticides and herbicides, and other topics * Regrouping of metals according to reactivity or toxicity * Revision of the relevant federal regulatory requirements * Extensive literature citations on current analytical methods An indispensable reference for investigative and analytical chemists as well as professionals dealing with industrial hygiene, safety, hazardous waste, and compliance issues, this book also serves as an excellent complement to such major references as Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials, Hazardous Chemicals Desk Reference, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, and Environmental Contaminant Reference Databook, Volumes I, II, and III-all available from Wiley.

Phenolic Resins by A. Gardziella

Title Phenolic Resins
Author A. Gardziella
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2013-06-29
Category Science
Total Pages 566
ISBN 9783662041017
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This vastly expanded 2nd edition contains all the new developments since 1985. It describes significant new phenolic resin chemistry, new applications with up-to-date developments, and includes detailed standardized test methods important for ISO 9001 ff certification.

Title Environmental Contaminants Ecological Implications and Management
Author Ram Naresh Bharagava
Publisher Springer Nature
Release Date 2019-10-28
Category Technology & Engineering
Total Pages 340
ISBN 9789811379048
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

As we know, rapid industrialization is a serious concern in the context of a healthy environment. Various physico-chemical and biological approaches for the removal of toxic pollutants are available, but unfortunately these are not very effective. Biological approaches using microorganisms (bacterial/fungi/algae), green plants or their enzymes to degrade/detoxify environmental contaminants such as endocrine disrupting chemicals, toxic metals, pesticides, dyes, petroleum hydrocarbons and phenolic compounds are eco-friendly and low cost. This book provides a much-needed, comprehensive overview of the various types of contaminants, their toxicological effects on the environment, humans, animals and plants as well as various eco-friendly approaches for their management (degradation/detoxification). As such it is a valuable resource for a wide range of students, scientists and researchers in microbiology, biotechnology, environmental sciences.