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Natural Minds by Thomas W. Polger

Title Natural Minds
Author Thomas W. Polger
Publisher MIT Press
Release Date 2006-01-20
Category Psychology
Total Pages 324
ISBN 0262264161
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In Natural Minds Thomas Polger advocates, and defends, the philosophical theory that mind equals brain—that sensations are brain processes—and in doing so brings the mind-brain identity theory back into the philosophical debate about consciousness. The version of identity theory that Polger advocates holds that conscious processes, events, states, or properties are type- identical to biological processes, events, states, or properties—a "tough-minded" account that maintains that minds are necessarily identical to brains, a position held by few current identity theorists. Polger's approach to what William James called the "great blooming buzzing confusion" of consciousness begins with the idea that we need to know more about brains in order to understand consciousness fully, but recognizes that biology alone cannot provide the entire explanation. Natural Minds takes on issues from philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, and metaphysics, moving freely among them in its discussion. Polger begins by answering two major objections to identity theory—Hilary Putnam's argument from multiple realizability (which discounts identity theory because creatures with brains unlike ours could also have mental states) and Saul Kripke's modal argument against mind-brain identity (based on the apparent contingency of the identity statement). He then offers a detailed account of functionalism and functional realization, which offer the most serious obstacle to consideration of identity theory. Polger argues that identity theory can itself satisfy the kind of explanatory demands that are often believed to favor functionalism.

Title Natural Language and Possible Minds
Author Prakash Mondal
Publisher BRILL
Release Date 2017-07-31
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 244
ISBN 9789004344204
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Natural Language and Possible Minds: How Language Uncovers the Cognitive Landscape of Nature examines the intrinsic connection between natural language and the nature of mentality, offering to show how language can shed light on the forms of other types of mentality in non-humans.

Natural And Artificial Minds by Robert G. Burton

Title Natural and Artificial Minds
Author Robert G. Burton
Publisher SUNY Press
Release Date 1993-08-10
Category Computers
Total Pages 245
ISBN 0791415082
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book describes and explores six current approaches to the study of mind: the neuroscientific, the behavioral, the competence approach, the ecological, the phenomenological, and the computational. No other book in cognitive science covers such a broad range of research programs and topics in such a balanced fashion. The first chapter is a mini-history and philosophy of psychology which reviews some of the scientific developments and philosophical arguments behind these six different approaches. Each subsequent chapter presents work that is on the frontiers of research in its field.

Natural And Artificial Minds by Robert G. Burton

Title Natural and Artificial Minds
Author Robert G. Burton
Publisher SUNY Press
Release Date 1993-01-01
Category Computers
Total Pages 245
ISBN 0791415074
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book describes and explores six current approaches to the study of mind: the neuroscientific, the behavioral, the competence approach, the ecological, the phenomenological, and the computational. No other book in cognitive science covers such a broad range of research programs and topics in such a balanced fashion. The first chapter is a mini-history and philosophy of psychology which reviews some of the scientific developments and philosophical arguments behind these six different approaches. Each subsequent chapter presents work that is on the frontiers of research in its field.

Natural Born Cyborgs by Andy Clark

Title Natural Born Cyborgs
Author Andy Clark
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release Date 2003-06-05
Category Computers
Total Pages 240
ISBN 9780199881987
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

From Robocop to the Terminator to Eve 8, no image better captures our deepest fears about technology than the cyborg, the person who is both flesh and metal, brain and electronics. But philosopher and cognitive scientist Andy Clark sees it differently. Cyborgs, he writes, are not something to be feared--we already are cyborgs. In Natural-Born Cyborgs, Clark argues that what makes humans so different from other species is our capacity to fully incorporate tools and supporting cultural practices into our existence. Technology as simple as writing on a sketchpad, as familiar as Google or a cellular phone, and as potentially revolutionary as mind-extending neural implants--all exploit our brains' astonishingly plastic nature. Our minds are primed to seek out and incorporate non-biological resources, so that we actually think and feel through our best technologies. Drawing on his expertise in cognitive science, Clark demonstrates that our sense of self and of physical presence can be expanded to a remarkable extent, placing the long-existing telephone and the emerging technology of telepresence on the same continuum. He explores ways in which we have adapted our lives to make use of technology (the measurement of time, for example, has wrought enormous changes in human existence), as well as ways in which increasingly fluid technologies can adapt to individual users during normal use. Bio-technological unions, Clark argues, are evolving with a speed never seen before in history. As we enter an age of wearable computers, sensory augmentation, wireless devices, intelligent environments, thought-controlled prosthetics, and rapid-fire information search and retrieval, the line between the user and her tools grows thinner day by day. "This double whammy of plastic brains and increasingly responsive and well-fitted tools creates an unprecedented opportunity for ever-closer kinds of human-machine merger," he writes, arguing that such a merger is entirely natural. A stunning new look at the human brain and the human self, Natural Born Cyborgs reveals how our technology is indeed inseparable from who we are and how we think.

Natural Minds by Simon Bowes

Title Natural Minds
Author Simon Bowes
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2019
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN OCLC:1104639722
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Natural Born Cyborgs by Andy Clark

Title Natural born Cyborgs
Author Andy Clark
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date 2004
Category Computers
Total Pages 229
ISBN 0195177517
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

A revolutionary approach to the human mind imagines a future when humans have fully incorporated their tools and technologies into the biological reality of being human. (Science & Mathematics)

Speaking Our Minds by Thom Scott-Phillips

Title Speaking Our Minds
Author Thom Scott-Phillips
Publisher Macmillan International Higher Education
Release Date 2014-11-03
Category Psychology
Total Pages 212
ISBN 9781137315632
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Language is an essential part of what makes us human. Where did it come from? How did it develop into the complex system we know today? And what can an evolutionary perspective tell us about the nature of language and communication? Drawing on a range of disciplines including cognitive science, linguistics, anthropology and evolutionary biology, Speaking Our Minds explains how language evolved and why we are the only species to communicate in this way. Written by a rising star in the field, this groundbreaking book is required reading for anyone interested in understanding the origins and evolution of human communication and language.

The Measure Of All Minds by José Hernández-Orallo

Title The Measure of All Minds
Author José Hernández-Orallo
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release Date 2017-01-11
Category Computers
Total Pages 558
ISBN 1107153018
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Are psychometric tests valid for a new reality of artificial intelligence systems, technology-enhanced humans, and hybrids yet to come? Are the Turing Test, the ubiquitous CAPTCHAs, and the various animal cognition tests the best alternatives? In this fascinating and provocative book, José Hernández-Orallo formulates major scientific questions, integrates the most significant research developments, and offers a vision of the universal evaluation of cognition. By replacing the dominant anthropocentric stance with a universal perspective where living organisms are considered as a special case, long-standing questions in the evaluation of behavior can be addressed in a wider landscape. Can we derive task difficulty intrinsically? Is a universal g factor - a common general component for all abilities - theoretically possible? Using algorithmic information theory as a foundation, the book elaborates on the evaluation of perceptual, developmental, social, verbal and collective features and critically analyzes what the future of intelligence might look like.

Title Cognitive Design for Artificial Minds
Author Antonio Lieto
Publisher Routledge
Release Date 2021-03-31
Category Computers
Total Pages 136
ISBN 9781315460512
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Cognitive Design for Artificial Minds explains the crucial role that human cognition research plays in the design and realization of artificial intelligence systems, illustrating the steps necessary for the design of artificial models of cognition. It bridges the gap between the theoretical, experimental, and technological issues addressed in the context of AI of cognitive inspiration and computational cognitive science. Beginning with an overview of the historical, methodological, and technical issues in the field of cognitively inspired artificial intelligence, Lieto illustrates how the cognitive design approach has an important role to play in the development of intelligent AI technologies and plausible computational models of cognition. Introducing a unique perspective that draws upon Cybernetics and early AI principles, Lieto emphasizes the need for an equivalence between cognitive processes and implemented AI procedures, in order to realize biologically and cognitively inspired artificial minds. He also introduces the Minimal Cognitive Grid, a pragmatic method to rank the different degrees of biological and cognitive accuracy of artificial systems in order to project and predict their explanatory power with respect to the natural systems taken as a source of inspiration. Providing a comprehensive overview of cognitive design principles in constructing artificial minds, this text will be essential reading for students and researchers of artificial intelligence and cognitive science.

Suspicious Minds by Rob Brotherton

Title Suspicious Minds
Author Rob Brotherton
Publisher Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date 2015-11-19
Category Psychology
Total Pages 288
ISBN 9781472915641
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

'A first class book' Sunday Times We're all conspiracy theorists. Some of us just hide it better than others. Conspiracy theorists do not wear tin-foil hats (for the most part). They are not just a few kooks lurking on the paranoid fringes of society with bizarre ideas about shape-shifting reptilian aliens running society in secret. They walk among us. They are us. Everyone loves a good conspiracy. Yet conspiracy theories are not a recent invention. And they are not always a harmless curiosity. In Suspicious Minds, Rob Brotherton explores the history and consequences of conspiracism, and delves into the research that offers insights into why so many of us are drawn to implausible, unproven and unproveable conspiracy theories. They resonate with some of our brain's built-in quirks and foibles, and tap into some of our deepest desires, fears, and assumptions about the world. The fascinating and often surprising psychology of conspiracy theories tells us a lot – not just why we are drawn to theories about sinister schemes, but about how our minds are wired and, indeed, why we believe anything at all. Conspiracy theories are not some psychological aberration – they're a predictable product of how brains work. This book will tell you why, and what it means. Of course, just because your brain's biased doesn't always mean you're wrong. Sometimes conspiracies are real. Sometimes, paranoia is prudent.

Persons And Minds by Joseph Margolis

Title Persons and Minds
Author Joseph Margolis
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2012-12-06
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 310
ISBN 9789400998018
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Persons and Minds is an inquiry into the possibilities of materialism. Professor Margolis starts his investigation, however, with a critique of the range of contemporary materialist theories, and does not find them viable. None of them, he argues, "can accommodate in a convincing way the most distinctive features of the mental life of men and oflower creatures and the imaginative possibilities of discovery and technology" (p. 8). In an extraordinarily rich analysis, Margolis carefully considers and criticizes mind-body identity theories, physicalism, eliminative materialism, behaviorism, as inadequate precisely in that they are reductive. He argues, then, for ramified concepts of emergence, and embodiment which will sustain a philosophically coherent account both of the distinctive non-natural character of persons and of their being naturally embodied. But Margolis provokes us to ask, what is an em bodied mind? The crucial context for him is not the plain physical body as such, but culture. "Persons", he writes, "are in a sense not natural entities: they exist only in cultural contexts and are identifiable as such only by refer ence to their mastery of language and of whatever further abilities presuppose such mastery" (p. 245). The hallmark of persons, in Margolis's account, is their capacity for freedom, as well as their physical endowment. Thus he writes, " . . . their characteristic powers - in effect, their freedom - must inform the order of purely physical causes in a distinctive way" (p. 246).

Title The Intellectual repository for the New Church July Sept 1817 Continued as The Intellectual repository and New Jerusalem magazine Enlarged ser vol 1 28
Author New Church gen. confer
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1874
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN OXFORD:555010568
Language English, Spanish, and French
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From Mines And Wells To Well Built Minds by Bénédicte de la Brière

Title From Mines and Wells to Well Built Minds
Author Bénédicte de la Brière
Publisher World Bank Publications
Release Date 2017-05-17
Category Education
Total Pages 202
ISBN 9781464810060
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Sub-Saharan Africa's natural resource-rich countries have poor human development. Children in these countries are more likely to die before their first birthday, more likely to be stunted, and less likely to attend school than children in other countries with similar income. Despite the current price downturn, extractives will remain an important part of Sub-Saharan Africa's growth story—using resource rents wisely remains a long term challenge. Governments must choose how to allocate resource rents between spending, investing in human or physical capital, or investing in global financial assets. The return to investing in physical and human capital will be high in countries where the capital stock is low. Moreover, higher levels of human capital make investments in physical capital more productive, which suggests that the optimal portfolio will involve investing in both. Human capital should be prioritized in many of Sub-Saharan Africa’s resource-rich countries because of the low starting point. Investing effectively in human capital is hard because it involves delivering services, which means coordinating a large number of actors and activities. Three dimensions of governance are key: institutions, incentives and information. Decentralization and leveraging the private sector are entry points to reforming institutional structures. Revenues from natural resources can fund financial incentives to strengthen performance or demand. Producing information, making it available, and increasing social accountability helps citizens understand their rights and hold governments and providers accountable. Improving the quality of education and health services is central to improving human capital. Two additional areas are promising. First, early child development—mother and newborn health, and early child nutrition, care, and education—improves outcomes in childhood and later on. Second, cash transfers—either conditional or unconditional—reduce poverty, increase household investments in child education, nutrition, and health, and increase the investment in productive assets which foster further income generation.

Title Discrete Degrees in Successive and Simultaneous Order
Author N. C. Burnham
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1887
Category Degrees, Doctrine of
Total Pages 175
ISBN NYPL:33433081632097
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Title The New church Magazine
Author Anonim
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1873
Category New Jerusalem Church
Total Pages 86
ISBN HARVARD:AH67HE
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Climate Change by Joe Fone

Title Climate Change
Author Joe Fone
Publisher Stacey International Publishers
Release Date 2013
Category Science
Total Pages 248
ISBN 1906768951
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Argues that scientists are manipulating the data on climate change in order to promote a specific agenda.

Title All the Year Round
Author Anonim
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1889
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN CHI:78257713
Language English, Spanish, and French
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The Expository Times by James Hastings

Title The Expository Times
Author James Hastings
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1892
Category Bible
Total Pages 86
ISBN NYPL:33433068202773
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary: