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Medicine Transformed by Deborah Brunton

Title Medicine Transformed
Author Deborah Brunton
Publisher Manchester University Press
Release Date 2004-09-04
Category History
Total Pages 414
ISBN 0719067359
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

An accessible introduction to the social history of medicine in Europe during the nineteenth and early twentieth century, set within its political, cultural, intellectual and economic contexts

Title Medicine transformed On access to healthcare
Author The Open University
Publisher The Open University
Release Date 2021
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN 9781473005631
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This 15-hour free course explored inequalities in healthcare in the early twentieth century, in terms of both quality of care and access to services.

Title The African Transformation of Western Medicine and the Dynamics of Global Cultural Exchange
Author David Baronov
Publisher Temple University Press
Release Date 2010-05-14
Category Medical
Total Pages 248
ISBN 9781592139163
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Beginning with the colonial era, Western biomedicine has radically transformed African medical beliefs and practices. Conversely, in using Western biomedicine, Africans have also transformed it. The African Transformation of Western Medicine and the Dynamics of Global Cultural Exchange contends that contemporary African medical systems—no less “biomedical” than Western medicine—in fact greatly enrich and expand the notion of biomedicine, reframing it as a global cultural form deployed across global networks of cultural exchange. The book analyzes biomedicine as a complex and dynamic sociocultural form, the conceptual premises of which make it necessarily subject to ongoing change and development as it travels the globe. David Baronov captures the complexities of this cultural exchange by using world-systems analysis in a way that places global cultural processes on equal footing with political and economic processes. In doing so, he both allows the story of Africa’s transformation of “Western” biomedicine to be told and offers new insights into the capitalist world system.

Extreme Medicine by Kevin Fong, M.D.

Title Extreme Medicine
Author Kevin Fong, M.D.
Publisher Penguin
Release Date 2014-02-06
Category History
Total Pages 304
ISBN 9780698151611
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Anesthesiologist, intensive care expert, and NASA adviser Kevin Fong explores how physical extremes push human limits and spawn incredible medical breakthroughs Little more than one hundred years ago, maps of the world still boasted white space: places where no human had ever trod. Within a few short decades the most hostile of the world’s environments had all been conquered. Likewise, in the twentieth century, medicine transformed human life. Doctors took what was routinely fatal and made it survivable. As modernity brought us ever more into different kinds of extremis, doctors pushed the bounds of medical advances and human endurance. Extreme exploration challenged the body in ways that only the vanguard of science could answer. Doctors, scientists, and explorers all share a defining trait: they push on in the face of grim odds. Because of their extreme exploration we not only understand our physiology better; we have also made enormous strides in the science of healing. Drawing on his own experience as an anesthesiologist, intensive care expert, and NASA adviser, Dr. Kevin Fong examines how cuttingedge medicine pushes the envelope of human survival by studying the human body’s response when tested by physical extremes. Extreme Medicine explores different limits of endurance and the lens each offers on one of the systems of the body. The challenges of Arctic exploration created opportunities for breakthroughs in open heart surgery; battlefield doctors pioneered techniques for skin grafts, heart surgery, and trauma care; underwater and outer space exploration have revolutionized our understanding of breathing, gravity, and much more. Avant-garde medicine is fundamentally changing our ideas about the nature of life and death. Through astonishing accounts of extraordinary events and pioneering medicine, Fong illustrates the sheer audacity of medical practice at extreme limits, where human life is balanced on a knife’s edge. Extreme Medicine is a gripping debut about the science of healing, but also about exploration in its broadest sense—and about how, by probing the very limits of our biology, we may ultimately return with a better appreciation of how our bodies work, of what life is, and what it means to be human.

Patient Centered Medicine by Moira Stewart

Title Patient centered Medicine
Author Moira Stewart
Publisher Radcliffe Publishing
Release Date 2003
Category Medical
Total Pages 360
ISBN 1857759818
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Divided into four parts, this volume comprehensively covers the evolution of patient-centered care, the six interactive components of the patient-centered clinical method, teaching and learning, and research including findings and reviews. It explains the basis and development of the clinical method.

Clinical Research Transformed by Olli S. Miettinen

Title Clinical Research Transformed
Author Olli S. Miettinen
Publisher Springer Nature
Release Date 2019-10-15
Category Medical
Total Pages 302
ISBN 9783030061760
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In this Information Age, the practices of clinical medicine should no longer be based on what clinical doctors actively know. Rather, all of the importantly practice-relevant knowledge should not only already exist but also be codified in cyberspace, in directly practice-guiding 'expert systems' -- for the benefit of both doctors and patients everywhere. Each of these systems (discipline-specific) would, prompted by a particular type of case presentation, present the doctor a questionnaire specific to cases of the type at issue, and document the doctor's answers to the questions. If at issue would be a case of complaint about a (particular type of) sickness, the system would translate the resulting diagnostic profile of the case into the corresponding probabilities of the illnesses to be considered. Similarly, if at issue would be an already-diagnosed case of a particular illness, the system would ask about, and record, the relevant elements in the prognostic profile of the case and then translate this profile into the probabilities of various outcomes to be considered, probabilities specific to the choice of treatment and prospective time in addition to that profile. And besides, these systems would analogously address the causal origin -- etiogenesis -- of cases of particular types of illness. While the requisite knowledge-base for these systems -- notably for the probabilities in them -- has not been addressed by such 'patient-oriented' clinical research as has been conducted (very extensively) up to now, this book delineates the nature of the suitably-transformed research (gnostic). The critically-transformative innovation in the research is the studies' focus on Gnostic Probability Functions -- dia-, etio-, and prognostic -- in the framework of logistic regression models. This book also presents a vision of how this critically-transformative research would most expeditiously be provided for and also conducted, among select sets of academic teaching hospitals.

Title Pioneers Who Transformed Coronary Disease
Author Allyn Mark M.D.
Publisher AuthorHouse
Release Date 2020-08-13
Category Medical
Total Pages 184
ISBN 9781728369594
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In 1955 at a time when the cold war was tense, President Eisenhower suffered a massive acute myocardial infarction (heart attack) while on vacation in Denver. His primary treatment consisted of six weeks of strict bedrest. Fortunately, Ike recovered his heart attack and served a second term only to succumb to further heart attacks and heart failure after his second term. In retrospect, we now know that at this time, there was virtually nothing of value therapeutically that his physicians had to offer him. In the half century following Ike’s heart attack, innovative doctors led the discovery and development of coronary arteriography, coronary artery bypass surgery, balloon coronary angioplasty and coronary stents, discoveries that dramatically improved the outlook for patients with coronary heart disease. This book tells the personal stories—the biographies--of these physicians—iconoclastic, innovative, charismatic and some tragic—who transformed the treatment of coronary heart disease in the half century after Eisenhower’s heart attack. Former President Bill Clinton is among the millions who have benefited from these discoveries.

Title Medicine Sport and the Body
Author Neil Carter
Publisher A&C Black
Release Date 2012-09-27
Category History
Total Pages 304
ISBN 9781849666800
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

What role does sports medicine play in today's society? Is it solely about treating sports injuries? Should it only be concerned with elite sport? This book provides a history of the relationship between sport, medicine and health from the mid-19th century to today. It combines the sub-disciplines of the history of medicine and the history of sport to give a balanced analysis of the role of medicine in sport and how this has evolved over the past two centuries. In an age where sports medicine plays an increasingly prominent role in both elite and recreational sport, this book provides a timely and clear analysis of its rise and purpose.

Title Health Disease and Society in Europe 1800 1930
Author Deborah Brunton
Publisher Manchester University Press
Release Date 2004-09-04
Category History
Total Pages 310
ISBN 0719067391
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Health, Disease and Society in Europe, 1800-1930 provides readers with unrivaled access to a comprehensive range of sources on major themes in nineteenth and early twentieth-century medicine. The book covers issues such as the changing role of the hospital, disease, colonial and imperial medicine, women, war, the emergence of modern surgery, welfare and the state, and the growth of asylum. Extracts from contemporary writings vividly illustrate key aspects of medical thought and practice, while a selection of classic historical research and up-to-date work in the field gives a sense of our understanding of medical history. Introductions make the sources accessible to the student as well as the interested general reader.

Title Medical Statistics at a Glance
Author Aviva Petrie
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Release Date 2013-11-08
Category Medical
Total Pages 180
ISBN 9781118782446
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Medical Statistics at a Glance is a concise and accessible introduction and revision aid for this complex subject. The self-contained chapters explain the underlying concepts of medical statistics and provide a guide to the most commonly used statistical procedures. This new edition of Medical Statistics at a Glance: Presents key facts accompanied by clear and informative tables and diagrams Focuses on illustrative examples which show statistics in action, with an emphasis on the interpretation of computer data analysis rather than complex hand calculations Includes extensive cross-referencing, a comprehensive glossary of terms and flow-charts to make it easier to choose appropriate tests Now provides the learning objectives for each chapter Includes a new chapter on Developing Prognostic Scores Includes new or expanded material on study management, multi-centre studies, sequential trials, bias and different methods to remove confounding in observational studies, multiple comparisons, ROC curves and checking assumptions in a logistic regression analysis The companion website at www.medstatsaag.com contains supplementary material including an extensive reference list and multiple choice questions (MCQs) with interactive answers for self-assessment. Medical Statistics at a Glance will appeal to all medical students, junior doctors and researchers in biomedical and pharmaceutical disciplines. Reviews of the previous editions "The more familiar I have become with this book, the more I appreciate the clear presentation and unthreatening prose. It is now a valuable companion to my formal statistics course." –International Journal of Epidemiology "I heartily recommend it, especially to first years, but it's equally appropriate for an intercalated BSc or Postgraduate research. If statistics give you headaches - buy it. If statistics are all you think about - buy it." –GKT Gazette "...I unreservedly recommend this book to all medical students, especially those that dislike reading reams of text. This is one book that will not sit on your shelf collecting dust once you have graduated and will also function as a reference book." –4th Year Medical Student, Barts and the London Chronicle, Spring 2003

Genes In Medicine by I. Rasko

Title Genes in Medicine
Author I. Rasko
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 1994-09-30
Category Medical
Total Pages 432
ISBN 0412373408
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This stimulating book bridges the gap between molecular biology and human genetics. Specifically written for medical students and human geneticists, it is a valuable guide to a rapidly moving field.

Title Growth Factors in Biology and Medicine
Author David Evered
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Release Date 2009-09-14
Category Science
Total Pages 192
ISBN 9780470718674
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Novartis Foundation Series is a popular collection of the proceedings from Novartis Foundation Symposia, in which groups of leading scientists from a range of topics across biology, chemistry and medicine assembled to present papers and discuss results. The Novartis Foundation, originally known as the Ciba Foundation, is well known to scientists and clinicians around the world.

Title The Laboratory Revolution in Medicine
Author Andrew Cunningham
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release Date 2002-07-11
Category Medical
Total Pages 360
ISBN 0521524504
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Essays by leading researchers on the nature and genesis of laboratory medicine.

Title Molecular Farming of Plants and Animals for Human and Veterinary Medicine
Author L. Erickson
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2002-09-30
Category Medical
Total Pages 374
ISBN 140200835X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Until recently, agriculture was seen as a minor customer of the pharmaceutical industry. However, as this book amply demonstrates, agriculture may be poised to become a much more important supplier rather than consumer of pharmaceuticals. This book is the most comprehensive and up-to-date compilation of bio-farming strategies to provide health products that are both safer and lower-cost than those produced conventionally. The style and information presented assumes a university undergraduate level of genetics and biology. Technical information regarding the methods used and the results, as well as perspectives on commercialization and regulation, is provided by scientists prominent in this diverse and burgeoning field. This book is an invaluable resource for undergraduate and graduate students, university faculty, and researchers in government and corporate labs, as well as research managers, planners, and consultants in biotechnology.

Title Phase Resetting in Medicine and Biology
Author Peter A. Tass
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2007-01-15
Category Science
Total Pages 329
ISBN 9783540381617
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book presents a new theoretical approach to phase resetting and stimulation-induced synchronization and desynchronization in a population of oscillators. The author uses stochastic methods from statistical mechanics and applies his theory to models of practical importance in physiology and neuroscience. The book is accessible to readers not familiar with the mathematical formalism. The author also proposes improvements to stimulation techniques as used by neurologists and neurosurgeons in the context of Parkinson's disease and MEG/EEG data analysis.

Title Matter Mind and Medicine
Author J. R. Kriel
Publisher Rodopi
Release Date 2000
Category Medical
Total Pages 157
ISBN 9042007990
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book critically assesses the implications of modern medicine's claim to be a natural science. Medicine models its scientific and clinical self-understanding on an obsolete positivist conception of science, reality, and consciousness. In this view, the body is modeled as a biological machine, disease as breakdown of the machine, and therapy as physical measures to fix the machine. The problems besetting medical science and practice are rooted in the inadequacy of the positivist philosophical assumptions regarding the nature of science, reality and consciousness To base the diagnostic practices and therapeutic regimes purely on knowledge of physical processes in the human body is, in view of this analysis, at best grossly inadequate, at worst thoroughly dehumanizing (Anton van Niekerk: Editorial Foreword). This means that medicine's clinical method cannot be transformed without transforming the underlying view of science, of reality, and of the human person. The book proposes a broader model of science which overcomes the outdated dichotomy between human and natural sciences. Science is viewed as an interdisciplinary exercise generating multiple perspectives. The insights of the human sciences are essential for scientific clinical medicine. Utilizing evolutionary biology and complexity theory, the author proposes an alternative understanding of reality and human consciousness as a basis for a transformed clinical method. Reality is a hierarchy of systems of increasing complexity. Different levels can be distinguished, namely material systems, living material systems, conscious living material systems and self-conscious living material systems. Each level represents a new manner of being which requires a different scientific discourse of understanding. Using this model of reality the author argues against understanding human consciousness as a byproduct of physical processes in the brain. The human person is a self-conscious, complex, psycho-somatic system, whose well-being is conditioned by much more than physical processes.

Title Envisioning a Transformed Clinical Trials Enterprise in the United States
Author Institute of Medicine
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 2012-10-13
Category Medical
Total Pages 248
ISBN 9780309253154
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

There is growing recognition that the United States' clinical trials enterprise (CTE) faces great challenges. There is a gap between what is desired - where medical care is provided solely based on high quality evidence - and the reality - where there is limited capacity to generate timely and practical evidence for drug development and to support medical treatment decisions. With the need for transforming the CTE in the U.S. becoming more pressing, the IOM Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation held a two-day workshop in November 2011, bringing together leaders in research and health care. The workshop focused on how to transform the CTE and discussed a vision to make the enterprise more efficient, effective, and fully integrated into the health care system. Key issue areas addressed at the workshop included: the development of a robust clinical trials workforce, the alignment of cultural and financial incentives for clinical trials, and the creation of a sustainable infrastructure to support a transformed CTE. This document summarizes the workshop.

Title Science Technology and the Art of Medicine
Author C. Delkeskamp-Hayes
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2013-04-17
Category Medical
Total Pages 340
ISBN 9789401729604
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Science, Technology, and the Art of Medicine contains papers by eminent scholars who discuss issues and concepts regarding the character of medicine. Special attention is given to the extent to which medicine is a science, art, and technology. Investigations are carried out with a particular focus on the nature of medical knowledge. Concepts of medical research, medical causality, intuition, and medical decision-making are examined in the light of medicine's revolutionary advances in the twentieth century. Past perspectives and present perplexities are also examined, bringing together a volume in the philosophy of medicine that treats a broad range of issues in medical epistemology and practise in a careful, critical fashion.

Title Homocysteine Metabolism From Basic Science to Clinical Medicine
Author Ian Graham
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2012-12-06
Category Medical
Total Pages 279
ISBN 9781461557715
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This volume is the first comprehensive treatise on homocysteine to treat the topic from the basic biochemical, metabolic, genetic, and dietary determinants to disease relationships, including concepts of pathogenesis. In addition, the public health implications of these associations are described. To date, evidence strongly supports the hypotheses that Hyperhomocysteinemia is a strong independent determinant of vascular disease and Many cases of hyperhomocysteinemia are amenable to homocysteine-lowering treatment with B-vitamins.£/LIST£ The strength of this evidence is prompting discussion of large-scale homocysteine-lowering interventions. Against this background of growing recognition of the importance of homocysteine as a factor in coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease, the editors conceived of a state-of-the-art monograph on homocysteine and its relationships to disease. The contributors would be those scientists who, in fact, had written the history of this field of study over the past third of a century. The editors invited the leading investigators in the world to contribute chapters in their own areas of expertise to this monograph and to deliver those papers at the first International Meeting on Homocysteine in Ireland, which has emerged as an important study center and where the first cases of homocystinuria were reported more than three decades ago.

Title The Sleep of Others and the Transformation of Sleep Research
Author Kenton Kroker
Publisher University of Toronto Press
Release Date 2007-12-15
Category Science
Total Pages 544
ISBN 9781442658653
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

We tend to think of sleep as a private concern, a night-time retreat from the physical world into the realm of the subconscious. Yet sleep also has a public side; it has been the focal point of religious ritual, philosophic speculation, political debate, psychological research, and more recently, neuroscientific investigation and medical practice. In this first ever history of sleep research, Kenton Kroker draws on a wide range of material to present the story of how an investigative field – at one time dominated by the study of dreams – slowly morphed into a laboratory-based discipline. The result of this transformation, Kroker argues, has changed the very meaning of sleep from its earlier conception to an issue for public health and biomedical intervention. Examining a vast historical period of 2500 years, Kroker separates the problems associated with the history of dreaming from those associated with sleep itself and charts sleep-related diseases such as narcolepsy, insomnia, and sleep apnea. He describes the discovery of rapid eye movement – REM – during the 1950s, and shows how this discovery initiated the creation of 'dream laboratories' that later emerged as centres for sleep research during the 1960s and 1970s. Kroker's work is unique in subject and scope and will be enormously useful for both sleep researchers, medical historians, and anybody who's ever lost a night's sleep.