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Title Mechanisms of Resistance to Plant Diseases
Author R.S. Fraser
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2012-12-06
Category Science
Total Pages 462
ISBN 9789400951457
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Plant resistance to pathogens is one of the most important strategies of disease control. Knowledge of resistance mechanisms, and of how to exploit them, has made a significant contribution to agricultural productivity. However, the continuous evolution of new variants of pathogen, ana additional control problems posed by new crops and agricultural methods, creates a need for a corresponding increase in our understanding of resistance and ability to utilize it. The study of resistance mechanisms also has attractions from a purely academic point of view. First there is the breadth of the problem, which can be approached at the genetical, molecular, cellular, whole plant or population lev~ls. Often there is the possibility of productive exchange of ideas between different disciplines. Then there is the fact that despite recent advances, many of the mechanisms involved have still to be fully elucidated. Finally, and compared with workers in other areas of biology, the student of resistance is twice blessed in having as his subject the interaction of two or more organisms, with the intriguing problems of recognition, specificity and co-evolution which this raises.

Title Natural Resistance Mechanisms of Plants to Viruses
Author Gad Loebenstein
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2007-05-26
Category Science
Total Pages 532
ISBN 9781402037801
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book is a first attempt to link well-known plant resistance phenomena with emerging concepts in molecular biology. Resistance phenomena such as the local lesion response, induced resistance, "green islands" and resistance in various crop plants are linked with new information on gene-silencing mechanisms, gene silencing suppressors, movement proteins and plasmodesmatal gating, downstream signalling components, and more.

Title Mechanisms of Plant Defense Responses
Author B. Fritig
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2012-12-06
Category Science
Total Pages 481
ISBN 9789401117371
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Research on the mechanisms of plant defense responses to stress and pathogen attack has attracted much attention in recent years. This increasing interest stems from the fact that the tools of molecular biology now enable us to study the molecular basis of old biological concepts such as host-pathogen recognition (and particularly the gene for-gene relationship), hypersensitive cell death and systemic acquired resistance. Our knowledge about avirulence and resistance genes, elicitors, signal transduction and genes involved in plant defense is rapidly expanding. Moreover we are just beginning to test in planta the potential of these results for biotechnological applications, aimed at improving plant resistance to diseases. The 2nd Conference of the European Foundation for Plant Pathology, hosted by the "Societe Fran~aise de Phytopathologie", was devoted to "Mechanisms of plant defense responses" and was held in Strasbourg, France. It brought together over 350 scientists from universities, research institutes and private sectors of 24 countries. Major advances in the areas under study have been reviewed in plenary lectures and are developed in the main articles of this book. Over 160 high-quality posters were presented and are summarized in short articles. Data from outstanding posters, which were discussed after a short oral presentation, are found in extended articles. As a whole the book presents a collection of papers arranged in six sections and reflecting the present day state-of-the-art of research in the field of plant defense reactions.

Title Induced Resistance for Plant Defence
Author Dale Walters
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Release Date 2008-04-15
Category Technology & Engineering
Total Pages 272
ISBN 9780470995976
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Plant diseases worldwide are responsible for billions of dollars worth of crop losses every year. With less agrochemicals being used and less new fungicides coming on the market due to environmental concerns, more effort is now being put into the use of genetic potential of plants for pathogen resistance and the development of induced or acquired resistance as an environmentally safe means of disease control. This comprehensive book examines in depth the development and exploitation of induced resistance. Chapters review current knowledge of the agents that can elicit induced resistance, genomics, signalling cascades, mechanisms of defence to pests and pathogens and molecular tools. Further chapters consider the topical application of inducers for disease control, microbial induction of pathogen resistance, transgenic approaches, pathogen population biology, trade offs associated with induced resistance and integration of induced resistance in crop protection. The book concludes with a consideration of socio-economic drivers determining the use of induced resistance, and the future of induced resistance in crop protection.

Title Plant Pathogen Resistance Biotechnology
Author David B. Collinge
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Release Date 2016-04-08
Category Science
Total Pages 440
ISBN 9781118867730
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Plant pathogens and diseases are among the most significant challenges to survival that plants face. Disease outbreaks caused by microbial or viral pathogens can decimate crop yields and have severe effects on global food supply. Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying plant immune response and applying this understanding to develop biotechnological tools to enhance plant defense against pathogens has great potential for moderating the impact of plant disease outbreaks. Plant Pathogen Resistance Biotechnology’s main focus is an in depth survey of the biological strategies being used to create transgenic disease resistant plants for sustainable plant resistance Plant Pathogen Resistance Biotechnology is divided into four sections. The first section covers biological mechanisms underpinning disease resistance in plants, while the second highlights case studies of important pathogen-crop groups and then considers why the application of important pathogen-crop groups, transgenic-based strategies designed to selectively target pathogens could benefit crop production. The third section provides information on the status of transgenic crops around the world, and finally the last part explores high-tech alternatives to genetic engineering for developing disease resistant traits in plants. Edited and authored by leaders in the field, Plant Pathogen Resistance Biotechnology will be an invaluable resource to those studying or researching plant biotechnology, plant pathology, plant biology, plant and crop genetics, in addition to crop science.

Title Fungicide Resistance in Plant Pathogens
Author Hideo Ishii
Publisher Springer
Release Date 2015-08-31
Category Science
Total Pages 490
ISBN 9784431556428
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This volume offers a comprehensive coverage of the general principles and recent advances in fungicide resistance. It describes the development, mechanisms, monitoring, and management of resistance and covers the most important group of fungicides that have caused resistance on various crops. An historical review of fungicide resistance over the past 40 years sets the scene for up-to-date basic information on mode of action, as well as the genetics, mechanisms, and evolution of resistance. Monitoring for resistance, including the latest developments in molecular diagnostics, moves readers into the practical aspects of resistance management, which is dealt with through a series of case studies outlining fungicide-use strategies on several key crops. The chapters reflect the experience of authors internationally recognised for their significant contributions to fungicide resistance research. The majority of crop diseases are caused by fungal pathogens, and disease control relies heavily on chemically synthesized fungicides. However, modern fungicides often encounter the problem of resistance development in target pathogens. Thus pathogen resistance to fungicides is an important factor that causes loss of yield and quality of crops. It often threatens biosecurity through the decrease of fungicide efficacy in the fields. To manage fungicide resistance successfully will require the promotion of integrated disease management, involving not just chemical fungicides, but also host plant resistance, agronomic factors, and reliable biological control agents where these are available. Well referenced throughout, the book offers a comprehensive account of resistance, which will be useful as a source of material for lecturers and for both industrial and academic scientists involved in fungicide resistance research. It is also a valuable sourcebook for students.

Title Induced Resistance to Disease in Plants
Author R. Hammerschmidt
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2013-04-18
Category Science
Total Pages 183
ISBN 9789401584203
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Induced or acquired resistance to disease in plants has been known for many years, but the phenomenon was studied in only a few laboratories until about a decade ago. Since then, there has been an increasing interest in induced resistance as a new, environmentally safe means of disease control, as well as a model for the study of the genes involved in host defence and the signals that control them. This increased interest led the editors of Induced Resistance to Disease in Plants to collect and summarise much of the current and older literature on the topic in a single volume. Each chapter covers its topic as comprehensively as possible, thus serving as a solid introduction to the literature, as well as expressing its writer's own views on the state of research in the area and giving an indication of where future research may lead. Induced Resistance to Disease in Plants addresses the biology of induced resistance in legumes, solanaceae, cucurbits and monocots, since these are the families that have received the most attention, followed by a discussion of the molecular basis of induced resistance, its genetic and evolutionary significance, and practical applications in disease control. The book will provide a background for those commencing work in the area, as well as a source of information for established workers who wish to learn about other areas of induced resistance.

Fungicides by Mizuho Nita

Title Fungicides
Author Mizuho Nita
Publisher BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date 2013-05-15
Category Technology & Engineering
Total Pages 342
ISBN 9789535111306
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book comprised of three sections that focus various aspects of fungicide usages and its consequences. In the eight-chapter first section, authors discuss implementation of Integrated Plant Disease Management on a wide array of crops grown in different parts of the world: wheat productions in Argentina and in the US; corn, cotton and Eucalyptus productions in Brazil; rice productions in India; peanut productions in the southern US; and pine seedling nurseries in Serbia. The second section is composed of two chapters that explore the possibility of natural products as fungicides. The final section discusses two interesting and important topics on the fungicide-fungus interaction that can influence the implementation of plant disease management practices, fungicide resistance and hormesis.

Disease Resistance In Crop Plants by Shabir Hussain Wani

Title Disease Resistance in Crop Plants
Author Shabir Hussain Wani
Publisher Springer
Release Date 2020-08-15
Category Science
Total Pages 307
ISBN 3030207307
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Human population is escalating at an enormous pace and is estimated to reach 9.7 billion by 2050. As a result, there will be an increase in demand for agricultural production by 60–110% between the years 2005 and 2050 at the global level; the number will be even more drastic in the developing world. Pathogens, animals, and weeds are altogether responsible for between 20 to 40 % of global agricultural productivity decrease. As such, managing disease development in plants continues to be a major strategy to ensure adequate food supply for the world. Accordingly, both the public and private sectors are moving to harness the tools and paradigms that promise resistance against pests and diseases. While the next generation of disease resistance research is progressing, maximum disease resistance traits are expected to be polygenic in nature and controlled by selective genes positioned at putative quantitative trait loci (QTLs). It has also been realized that sources of resistance are generally found in wild relatives or cultivars of lesser agronomic significance. However, introgression of disease resistance traits into commercial crop varieties typically involves many generations of backcrossing to transmit a promising genotype. Molecular marker-assisted breeding (MAB) has been found to facilitate the pre-selection of traits even prior to their expression. To date, researchers have utilized disease resistance genes (R-genes) in different crops including cereals, pulses, and oilseeds and other economically important plants, to improve productivity. Interestingly, comparison of different R genes that empower plants to resist an array of pathogens has led to the realization that the proteins encoded by these genes have numerous features in common. The above observation therefore suggests that plants may have co-evolved signal transduction pathways to adopt resistance against a wide range of divergent pathogens. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms necessary for pathogen identification and a thorough dissection of the cellular responses to biotic stresses will certainly open new vistas for sustainable crop disease management. This book summarizes the recent advances in molecular and genetic techniques that have been successfully applied to impart disease resistance for plants and crops. It integrates the contributions from plant scientists targeting disease resistance mechanisms using molecular, genetic, and genomic approaches. This collection therefore serves as a reference source for scientists, academicians and post graduate students interested in or are actively engaged in dissecting disease resistance in plants using advanced genetic tools.

Title Breeding for Disease Resistance
Author R. Johnson
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2013-03-14
Category Science
Total Pages 206
ISBN 9789401709545
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

There is an increasing need for an understanding of the fundamental processes involved in the mechanisms by which disease resistances are introduced into crop plants. This book provides a wide-ranging coverage of the successes and failures of the classical techniques; it describes the advances towards modern technology and addresses the problems of pathogen variation. Crop plants that are considered include: cereals (wheat, barley, rice), potatoes, vegetables and soft fruits.

Title Bacterial Disease Resistance in Plants
Author P. Vidhyasekaran
Publisher CRC Press
Release Date 2002-10-23
Category Science
Total Pages 452
ISBN 156022925X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Examine the most recent developments in molecular plant pathology! This comprehensive reference book describes the molecular biology of plant-pathogen interactions in depth. With Dr. Vidhyasekaran’s keen insights and experienced critical viewpoint, Bacterial Disease Resistance in Plants: Molecular Biology and Biotechnological Applications not only presents reviews of current research but goes on to suggest future research strategies to exploit the studies in interventions with biotechnological, commercial, and field applications. This extraordinarily well-referenced book delivers in-depth examinations of: the molecular recognition process between plants and bacterial pathogens bacterial genes involved in the recognition process hrp, avr, dsp, and hsv genes the transcription of bacterial genes in plants signal transduction systems in bacteria and plants the functions of resistance genes and defense genes at the molecular level the elicitor molecules of bacterial pathogens and plants and their interactions plant and bacterial cell wall modifications and their role in triggering host defense mechanisms Bacterial Disease Resistance in Plants also explores active oxygen species, inducible plant proteins and their signals and transcription mechanisms, inducible secondary metabolites, and more. It introduces novel strategies for bacterial disease management using genes from human beings, birds, crabs, insects, fungi, bacteria, and bacteriophages; and genetic engineering techniques that can be used to develop transgenic, disease-resistant plants. Generously illustrated with figures and tables that make the data more quickly understandable, Bacterial Disease Resistance in Plants will be an invaluable resource and textbook for plant pathologists, bacteriologists, botanists, plant physiologists, plant molecular biologists, microbiologists, biochemists, plant cell and applied biologists, genetic engineers, and graduate-level students in these disciplines.

Title Disease and Insect Resistance in Plants
Author Dhan Pal Singh
Publisher Science Publishers
Release Date 2005
Category Science
Total Pages 417
ISBN 1578084121
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The book covers in detail the principles and practices of conventional plant breeding as well as newer and recent biotechnological tolls such as marker assisted selection and transgenic crops. The book is suitable for use as an advanced text. A basic knowledge of plant pathogens, insect-pests and their genetics is assumed. In addition, the book can be used as reference book by plant pathologists, entomologists and geneticists engaged in developing germplasm, with resistance to biotic stresses. Attempts have been made to draw specific examples from as many different crop plants and their harmful parasites as possible, and an extensive reference list provides access to the original literature.

Title Plant Pathogenesis and Resistance
Author Jeng-Sheng Huang
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2013-03-09
Category Science
Total Pages 692
ISBN 9789401726870
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Each plant-pathogen interaction involves a two-way molecular communication. On one hand, the pathogen perceives signals from the plant, secretes chemical arsenals to establish infection courts, and produces metabolites that disrupt structural integrity, alter cellular function, and circumvent host defenses. On the other hand, the plant senses the signals from the pathogen, reinforces its cell walls, and accumulates phytoalexins and pathogenesis-related proteins in an attempt to defend itself. The production of pathogenicity and virulence factors by the pathogen, the elicitation of defense mechanisms by the plant, and the dynamic interaction of the two are the focal points of this book. The book will be of interest to researchers and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in the areas of plant pathology, plant physiology, and plant biochemistry.

Title Active Defense Mechanisms in Plants
Author R. Wood
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2012-12-06
Category Science
Total Pages 381
ISBN 9781461583097
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

A NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Active Defence Mechanisms in Plants" was held at Cape Sounion, Greece, 21 April - 3 May 1981. It succeeded a similar Institute held at Porte Conte, Sardinia in 1975 on "Specificity in Plant Diseases. " What are active defence mechanisms in the context of plant disease in which a plant, the host, may be damaged by a pathogen? Defence mechanisms comprise properties of the host that decrease this damage. The mechanisms are passive when they are independent of the pathogen. They are active when they follow changes in the host caused by the pathogen. Thus for a fungal pathogen, cell walls of a higher plant which are lignified before infection would be a passive defence mechanism if they decreased damage by impeding growth of the fungus. Cell walls known to become lignified as a response to the pathogen would be an active defence mechanism if it were established that this response decreased damage. The papers and discussions at this Advanced Study Institute were about active defence mechanisms in higher plants, mainly econo mically important crop plants, against fungi, bacteria and viruses as pathogens. Taking the microorganisms first it is a truism but one that bears repeating that although plants almost always grow in close association with a wide variety of fungi and bacteria, often of types that can be pathogens, they rarely become diseased, at least not sufficiently so as to attract notice.

Title Molecular Host Plant Resistance to Pests
Author S. Sadasivam
Publisher CRC Press
Release Date 2003-07-15
Category Science
Total Pages 496
ISBN 9781135528935
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Molecular Host Plant Resistance to Pests examines environmentally safe and integrated techniques for effective pest management. Offering more than 1500 references for further exploration of the topic, this reference details the bioactivity, biosynthetic pathways, mechanisms of action, and genetic regulation for improved methods of crop protection a

Plant Pathology by Dr. P.D. Sharma

Title Plant Pathology
Author Dr. P.D. Sharma
Publisher Rastogi Publications
Release Date 2013
Category Diseases
Total Pages 468
ISBN 8171337007
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Pesticide Resistance by National Research Council

Title Pesticide Resistance
Author National Research Council
Publisher National Academies Press
Release Date 1986-02-01
Category Technology & Engineering
Total Pages 484
ISBN 9780309036276
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Based on a symposium sponsored by the Board on Agriculture, this comprehensive book explores the problem of pesticide resistance; suggests new approaches to monitor, control, or prevent resistance; and identifies the changes in public policy necessary to protect crops and human health from the ravages of pests. The volume synthesizes the most recent information from a wide range of disciplines, including entomology, genetics, plant pathology, biochemistry, economics, and public policy. It also suggests research avenues that would indicate how to counter future problems. A glossary provides the reader with additional guidance.

Title Mechanisms of Environmental Stress Resistance in Plants
Author Amarjit Basra
Publisher CRC Press
Release Date 1997-07-16
Category Science
Total Pages 407
ISBN 905702036X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Plant growth and productivity are limited in many areas of the world by a wide variety of environmental stresses. This book discusses progress made toward the major goal of uncovering the plant resistance mechanisms to biotic and abiotic stresses; the purpose being to utilise this knowledge in genetic modification of plants for achieving improved stress resistance. This volume achieves a new synthesis in considering the mechanisms of resistance at various levels of organisation -- from individual cells and tissues, through whole plants, to communities. Chapters are written by internationally acknowledged experts, who have a wealth of research and teaching experience. With comprehensive and up-to-date coverage, this book analyses many outstanding problems and poses important questions for future research.

The Cereal Rusts by William Bushnell

Title The Cereal Rusts
Author William Bushnell
Publisher Elsevier
Release Date 2012-12-02
Category Technology & Engineering
Total Pages 566
ISBN 9780323145824
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Cereal Rusts, Volume I: Origins, Specificity, Structure, and Physiology presents the historical, evolutionary, taxonomic, structural, genetic, and physiological characteristics of cereal rust fungi and the diseases they cause in cereal crops. The cereal rusts are potentially serious disease threats to cereal crops and have caused widespread losses in wheat, oats, barley, and related crops. This three-part volume brings together in a single reference source the accumulated knowledge, complex, challenging science of cereal rusts. The first chapters of this 16-chapter volume cover the pioneering contributions of early scientists to the knowledge of cereal rusts, the evolution of cereal rusts, and the taxonomy of cereal rust fungi. The book also examines the specificity of cereal rusts including formae speciales, race specificity, pathogen-host genetics, histology and molecular biology of host parasite specificity, and the genetics of rust fungus populations as reflected by virulence frequency. The text further discusses the structure and physiology aspects; the germination of urediospores and differentiation of infection structures; and the infection under artificial conditions. The ultrastructure of hyphae and urediospores; the development and physiology of teliospores; and the obligate parasitism and axenic culture of rust fungi are also explained. This volume also encompasses the structure and physiology of haustoria; structural and physiological alterations in susceptible hosts; and effects of rust on plant development in relation to nutrient translocation. Cereal rust investigators, plant pathologists, agronomists, agriculturalists, research biochemists, cytologists, geneticists, physiologists, taxonomists, epidemiologists, and pathologists will find this book invaluable.

Title Molecular Aspects of Plant Beneficial Microbes in Agriculture
Author Vivek Sharma
Publisher Academic Press
Release Date 2020-03-12
Category
Total Pages 454
ISBN 9780128184691
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Molecular Aspects of Plant Beneficial Microbes in Agriculture explores their diverse interactions, including the pathogenic and symbiotic relationship which leads to either a decrease or increase in crop productivity. Focusing on these environmentally-friendly approaches, the book explores their potential in changing climatic conditions. It presents the exploration and regulation of beneficial microbes in offering sustainable and alternative solutions to the use of chemicals in agriculture. The beneficial microbes presented here are capable of contributing to nutrient balance, growth regulators, suppressing pathogens, orchestrating immune response and improving crop performance. The book also offers insights into the advancements in DNA technology and bioinformatic approaches which have provided in-depth knowledge about the molecular arsenal involved in mineral uptake, nitrogen fixation, growth promotion and biocontrol attributes.