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Title Mark Twain and Philosophy
Author Alan Goldman
Publisher Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date 2017-10-15
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 264
ISBN 9781442261723
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Mark Twain, the “Father of American Literature,” and renowned humorist, satirist, and commentator on humanity and American life, is best known for his classic, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Twain’s body of work, however, is expansive; from Adventures of Tom Sawyer and A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court to the travelogue The Innocents Abroad and essays on human nature, religion, science, and literature, no aspect of life is left untouched by Twain. His portrayal of American life, ripe with the contradictions of America’s ideals and its actual practices, as well as his characters, at once fantastical and completely human, provide a window onto humanity and social life. As the third book in the Great Authors and Philosophy series, Mark Twain and Philosophy reveals deeper issues raised by Twain’s work and speaks to his continued relevance as a social commentator interrogating issues fundamental to our lives. From slavery, freedom, and human rights, to science, parapsychology, and religion, this book exposes how Twain’s body of work touches every corner of human experience.

What Is Man by Mark Twain

Title What Is Man
Author Mark Twain
Publisher BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date 2010
Category Literary Collections
Total Pages 284
ISBN 9783867412919
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Collection of essays on various topics by the famous creator of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn. Originally published in 1906.

Mark Twain by Louis J. Budd

Title Mark Twain
Author Louis J. Budd
Publisher University of Missouri Press
Release Date 2001
Category Literary Criticism
Total Pages 245
ISBN 0826213685
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

"Much has been written about Mark Twain's social and political attitudes, but Mark Twain: Social Philosopher is the most comprehensive study of the subject that has been made. Mr. Budd's treatment is thorough and detailed, supported by illuminating analysis and plentiful documentation. He presents his material well in a forthright, readable style that moves at a springy pace agreeably free from academic heavy-footedness." --Indiana Magazine of History "Louis J. Budd performs the service of tracing the growth of Twain's social and political convictions and thus showing his relationship to the age in which he lived. . . . Based upon extensive research in newspapers of the day, the personal letters, and other little-known material, as well as intensive analysis of the most relevant works by Twain, Budd's careful and balanced study is an important contribution."--Modern Fiction Newsletter "Budd is one of those rare and highly-to-be-prized people who consistently say good things in a graceful way. Writing about Mark Twain in a fashion that would not make Mark Twain swear if he read the result is a test not often passed. Professor Budd passes it with flying colors."--Mississippi Quarterly "Well written, vital, filled with a sharpness and humor reminiscent of Twain himself, [Mark Twain: Social Philosopher] is a penetrating and sustained analysis of Twain's development as a social critic, and shows his interest in the social issues of his day. It is a model of good criticism, honest analysis, and fine writing." --American Writers in Rebellion "Anyone who wants to read Mark Twain against the changing background of his time will turn with gratitude to Mr. Budd's patient, unpretentious, and revealing book."--Virginia Quarterly Review

Title Mark Twain Social Philosopher
Author Louis J. Budd
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1962
Category Literature and society
Total Pages 245
ISBN STANFORD:36105020043035
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Budd's vivid recreation of the political Mark Twain draws heavily on little-known newspaper colums and personal letters which often make clearer the trends of his major works and occasionally change their apparent meanings. The works themselves are carefully analysed for their political and social implications, and original illustrations from such books as "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court" are reproduced with photographs of their real-life counterparts pointing up the political satire involved. In the end, Mr. Budd concludes, Mark Twain's decency and strong sense of justice succeeded in raising him above the moral failings of his time: "born to an era of rising nationalism, Twain had steadily fought clear of its excess and the prejudice that usually came with them... Twain's final musings decided that 'patriotism, even at its best..

The Jester And The Sages by Forrest G. Robinson

Title The Jester and the Sages
Author Forrest G. Robinson
Publisher University of Missouri Press
Release Date 2012-01-01
Category Literary Criticism
Total Pages 184
ISBN 9780826272706
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Jester and the Sages approaches the life and work of Mark Twain by placing him in conversation with three eminent philosophers of his time—Friedrich Nietzsche, Sigmund Freud, and Karl Marx. Unprecedented in Twain scholarship, this interdisciplinary analysis by Forrest G. Robinson, Gabriel Noah Brahm Jr., and Catherine Carlstroem rescues the American genius from his role as funny-man by exploring how his reflections on religion, politics, philosophy, morality, and social issues overlap the philosophers’ developed thoughts on these subjects. Remarkably, they had much in common. During their lifetimes, Twain, Nietzsche, Freud, and Marx witnessed massive upheavals in Western constructions of religion, morality, history, political economy, and human nature. The foundations of reality had been shaken, and one did not need to be a philosopher—nor did one even need to read philosophy—to weigh in on what this all might mean. Drawing on a wide range of primary and secondary materials, the authors show that Twain was well attuned to debates of the time. Unlike his Continental contemporaries, however, he was not as systematic in developing his views. Brahm and Robinson’s chapter on Nietzsche and Twain reveals their subjects’ common defiance of the moral and religious truisms of their time. Both desired freedom, resented the constraints of Christian civilization, and saw punishing guilt as the disease of modern man. Pervasive moral evasion and bland conformity were the principal end result, they believed. In addition to a continuing focus on guilt, Robinson discovers in his chapter on Freud and Twain that the two men shared a lifelong fascination with the mysteries of the human mind. From the formative influence of childhood and repression, to dreams and the unconscious, the mind could free people or keep them in perpetual chains. The realm of the unconscious was of special interest to both men as it pertained to the creation of art. In the final chapter, Carlstroem and Robinson explain that, despite significant differences in their views of human nature, history, and progress, Twain and Marx were both profoundly disturbed by economic and social injustice in the world. Of particular concern was the gulf that industrial capitalism opened between the privileged elite property owners and the vast class of property-less workers. Moralists impatient with conventional morality, Twain and Marx wanted to free ordinary people from the illusions that enslaved them. Twain did not know the work's of Nietzsche, Freud, and Marx well, yet many of his thoughts cross those of his philosophical contemporaries. By focusing on the deeper aspects of Twain’s intellectual makeup, Robinson, Brahm, and Carlstroem supplement the traditional appreciation of the forces that drove Twain’s creativity and the dynamics of his humor.

Title Mark Twain s Philosophy
Author Anonim
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1913
Category
Total Pages 223
ISBN OCLC:6125414
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title No 44 The Mysterious Stranger
Author Mark Twain
Publisher Univ of California Press
Release Date 2011-02-05
Category Fiction
Total Pages 202
ISBN 9780520270008
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This is the only authoritative text of this late novel. It reproduces the manuscript which Mark Twain wrote last, and the only one he finished or called the "The Mysterious Stranger." Albert Bigelow Paine's edition of the same name has been shown to be a textual fraud.

Title Mark Twain and Human Nature
Author Tom Quirk
Publisher University of Missouri Press
Release Date 2013-09-13
Category Literary Criticism
Total Pages 312
ISBN 9780826266217
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Mark Twain once claimed that he could read human character as well as he could read the Mississippi River, and he studied his fellow humans with the same devoted attention. In both his fiction and his nonfiction, he was disposed to dramatize how the human creature acts in a given environment—and to understand why. Now one of America’s preeminent Twain scholars takes a closer look at this icon’s abiding interest in his fellow creatures. In seeking to account for how Twain might have reasonably believed the things he said he believed, Tom Quirk has interwoven the author’s inner life with his writings to produce a meditation on how Twain’s understanding of human nature evolved and deepened, and to show that this was one of the central preoccupations of his life. Quirk charts the ways in which this humorist and occasional philosopher contemplated the subject of human nature from early adulthood until the end of his life, revealing how his outlook changed over the years. His travels, his readings in history and science, his political and social commitments, and his own pragmatic testing of human nature in his writing contributed to Twain’s mature view of his kind. Quirk establishes the social and scientific contexts that clarify Twain’s thinking, and he considers not only Twain’s stated intentions about his purposes in his published works but also his ad hoc remarks about the human condition. Viewing both major and minor works through the lens of Twain’s shifting attitude, Quirk provides refreshing new perspectives on the master’s oeuvre. He offers a detailed look at the travel writings, including The Innocents Abroad and Following the Equator, and the novels, including The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, and Pudd’nhead Wilson, as well as an important review of works from Twain’s last decade, including fantasies centering on man’s insignificance in Creation, works preoccupied with isolation—notably No. 44,The Mysterious Stranger and “Eve’s Diary”—and polemical writings such as What Is Man? Comprising the well-seasoned reflections of a mature scholar, this persuasive and eminently readable study comes to terms with the life-shaping ideas and attitudes of one of America’s best-loved writers. Mark Twain and Human Nature offers readers a better understanding of Twain’s intellect as it enriches our understanding of his craft and his ineluctable humor.

Mark Twain by Henry Nash Smith

Title Mark Twain
Author Henry Nash Smith
Publisher Belknap Press
Release Date 2013-10-01
Category
Total Pages 224
ISBN 0674866282
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title Mark Twain on Religion
Author Mark Twain
Publisher Library of Alexandria
Release Date 2021
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN 9781465580283
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title The Changing Philosophy of Mark Twain
Author Stuart Preston Mills
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1993
Category
Total Pages 170
ISBN OCLC:29042223
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

"The primary aim of this study is to trace the philosophical changes in the writing career of Mark Twain. While its main emphasis rests on his later writings (roughly the last decade and a half of his life and including notebooks and letters), some examination will be given to earlier works in order to trace the development of his fundamental ideas. Chapter one examines current conceptions about Mark Twain as a legitimate thinker. Mark Twain was always referred to as the great "American Humorist" yet was never really recognized as a legitmate thinker, so this chapter sheds some light on his philosophical backgrounds and on why he should be considered a humorist and a thinker. Observations from several critics as well as family members and close associates offer testimony to his philosophic abilities. Chapter two delves into Mark Twain's lifelong fascination with God and religion. This chapter exposes the changing duality in his view of God and how he ultimately rejects both the views (the irascible Biblical God and the supposedly beneficent God who controls the universe) in favor of a mechanistically determined universe under the control of a malevolent God who is indifferent to the needs of man. Chapter three examines Twain's equal fascination with "the damned human race." He shows his scorn for man's unmerited pride and innate selfishness. He views the human race as insignificant in the universal scheme of things and places men on a moral level lower than rodents and germs. This chapter also exammes what Mark Twain called the Moral Sense, which is the God given ability to distinguish between right and wrong and then choose to do wrong. Man's inability to control his existence leads to the development of Twain's mechanistic "gospel," What Is Man? Chapter four takes a close look at What Is Man? and its autobiographical and fictional analogues in an explanation of Twain's deterministic philosophy. Backgrounds and philosophical influences are also traced to some extent. Relating to chapter three, this chapter examines the idea that man is a machine who has no control over his existence. Circumstance, heredity, and environment all exert control over his every action. Training and temperament are also examined as controlling factors. The chapter ultimately concludes with the assumption that this mechanistic gospel, while removing moral responsibility from all of Twain's actions, does not work for him. He must shift his philosophy to solipsism. Twain's solipsistic philosophy is discussed at length in Chapter five. This chapter traces the development of Twain's interest in dreams, looking not only at some of the influences upon him, but also examining his notebooks, letters, and early fiction as a progression of philosophical ideas. Most of this chapter is devoted to the solipsistic "Conclusion of the book" for the "No. 44, The Mysterious Stranger" version of The Mysterious Stranger manuscripts and how this becomes his new gospel. Similar passages from other works and various views from noted critics help to bolster my assumption that this philosophy is legitimate and does not serve as a mere emotional coping device for his grief. Finally, the conclusion reiterates some of the views put forth in chapter five. It compares the critical viewpoints on solipsism as a philosophic reality and makes the assertion that Mark Twain should indeed be considered a legitimate thinker"--Document.

Philosophy And The Novel by Alan H. Goldman

Title Philosophy and the Novel
Author Alan H. Goldman
Publisher OUP Oxford
Release Date 2013-04-05
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 224
ISBN 9780191656231
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Alan H. Goldman presents an original and lucid account of the relationship between philosophy and the novel. In the first part, on philosophy of novels, he defends theories of literary value and interpretation. Literary value, the value of literary works as such, is a species of aesthetic value. Goldman argues that works have aesthetic value when they simultaneously engage all our mental capacities: perceptual, cognitive, imaginative, and emotional. This view contrasts with now prevalent narrower formalist views of literary value. According to it, cognitive engagement with novels includes appreciation of their broad themes and the theses these imply, often moral and hence philosophical theses, which are therefore part of the novels' literary value. Interpretation explains elements of works so as to allow readers maximum appreciation, so as to maximize the literary value of the texts as written. Once more, Goldman's view contrasts with narrower views of literary interpretation, especially those which limit it to uncovering what authors intended. One implication of Goldman's broader view is the possibility of incompatible but equally acceptable interpretations, which he explores through a discussion of rival interpretations of Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises. Goldman goes on to test the theory of value by explaining the immense appeal of good mystery novels in its terms. The second part of the book, on philosophy in novels, explores themes relating to moral agency—moral development, motivation, and disintegration—in Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice, Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn, John Irving's The Cider House Rules, and Joseph Conrad's Nostromo. By narrating the course of characters' lives, including their inner lives, over extended periods, these novels allow us to vicariously experience the characters' moral progressions, positive and negative, to learn in a more focused way moral truths, as we do from real life experiences.

Title Mark Twain s Philosophy
Author Paul Carus
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1913
Category
Total Pages 223
ISBN OCLC:6055926
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Shadows Of Being by Marko Uršič

Title Shadows of Being
Author Marko Uršič
Publisher Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release Date 2019-01-15
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 201
ISBN 9781527525658
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book is a study of the phenomena of shadows, meant in a broader sense as “symbolic forms”. The shadow is a less real, “surface” replica of some more real form. From the Platonic point of view, empirical objects are “shadows of ideas”, while from the modern “natural” point of view, shadows are seen and conceived primarily as “weaker” replicas of bodies, which give evidence of their material reality. In the first three essays here, several topics from the Ancient Egypt and Greece to modern arts and sciences are considered, while in the fourth essay, the contemporary virtual reality, cyber-technology and the internet as our parallel “shadow world” are discussed from the philosophical point of view. The main and innovative point of this book is the connection between the meaning of shadows in philosophy and art on the one hand, and their role in modern science and technology on the other. The book will appeal to a wide span of readers, from academic circles, students, and artists, to the general reader interested in the humanities, especially in philosophy and art.

Title Rethinking Philosophers Responsibility
Author Lydia Amir
Publisher Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release Date 2017-11-06
Category Philosophy
Total Pages 341
ISBN 9781527505254
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Calling on philosophers as the custodians of rationality to reconsider their responsibility toward their communities and the state of civilization at large, this book considers philosophy to be a practical discipline. Largely foreign to philosophers and non-philosophers alike, this conception of philosophy discloses the relevance of its unique contributions to contemporary society. The book offers a compelling and accessible analysis of philosophy also in relation to religion, psychology, the New Age Movement, and globalization, and exemplifies through a wide range of current problems how philosophers can fulfil their responsibility. Its argument that responsibility lies where one is capable of doing what is needed, and even more so, when no one else can do it, targets philosophers. However, its innovative study of contemporary philosophy coupled with its original contributions to the problems at hand will engage academics and students from other disciplines, as well as a general readership.

Title Mark Twain s Philosophy Of Despair
Author Kathy Keith
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1966
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN OCLC:870927011
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title The Wit and Wisdom of Mark Twain
Author Mark Twain
Publisher Courier Corporation
Release Date 2013
Category Literary Collections
Total Pages 178
ISBN 9780486489230
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

"Familiarity breeds contempt — and children." "When angry, count to four; when very angry, swear." "Heaven for climate. Hell for company." This attractive paperback gift edition of the renowned American humorist's epigrams and witticisms features hundreds of quips on life, love, history, culture, travel, and other topics from his fiction, essays, letters, and autobiography.

Hello Goodbye Hello by Craig Brown

Title Hello Goodbye Hello
Author Craig Brown
Publisher Simon and Schuster
Release Date 2013-08-20
Category Biography & Autobiography
Total Pages 384
ISBN 9781451684513
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

A collection of whimsical true encounters between famous and infamous individuals describes the unlikely meetings of Marilyn Monroe with Frank Lloyd Wright, Michael Jackson with Nancy Reagan, and Sigmund Freud with Gustav Mahler.

Sentimental Twain by Assistant Professor of English Gregg Camfield

Title Sentimental Twain
Author Assistant Professor of English Gregg Camfield
Publisher University of Pennsylvania Press
Release Date 2016-11-11
Category Literary Criticism
Total Pages 296
ISBN 9781512807134
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

In Sentimental Twain, Gregg Camfield examines the major and minor works of Mark Twain to redraw the boundaries between sentimentalism and realism in the second half of the nineteenth century. Beginning by taking the reactions to the question of race in Adventures of Huckleberry Finn as a test case, Camfield reveals that sentimental ethics persist, though buried, in American culture, and he argues that Americans' ambivalent responses to sentimentalism explain some of the continuing controversy surrounding Mark Twain's work. Specifically, he contends, insofar as the liberal agenda remains substantially sentimental--especially when dealing with issues of race--today's readers of Twain participate in the same dialectic between sentimental compassion and realistic cynicism that Twain himself confronted. Camfield then traces the cultural development of this ethical dialectic and follows Mark Twain's reactions to it, showing that Twain was a closet sentimentalist whose public attacks on sentimentalism veiled a deep longing for a more compassionate world. Throughout, Sentimental Twain is grounded in a discussion of philosophical contexts of nineteenth-century American sentimental literature, paying particular attention to the Scottish Common Sense philosophers but looking forward to the Pragmatism of William James.

Mark Twain by Ray Comfort

Title Mark Twain
Author Ray Comfort
Publisher New Leaf Publishing Group
Release Date 2014-09-26
Category Religion
Total Pages 160
ISBN 9780890518458
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

From the pages of a long-hidden manuscript written by a man filled with disappointment and anger, you will discover the truth about Mark Twain’s embittered battle with God! Evidence in his work that proves he wasn't an atheistSelections from his letters and popular works that reveal his confused faithPerspectives from Twain on God that echo modern criticism and doubts. Twain was a very popular and gifted speaker with a carefully cultivated image. Few knew he secretly wrote a manuscript complaining bitterly about the God of the Bible, citing hypocrisy and cruelties, like there would be no sex in heaven. Twain decided to have his book published 100 years after his death in the hope that society would then be open-minded enough to listen. Ray Comfort searches through volumes of Twain’s writings to develop a comprehensive answer to this profound writer of the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, and a man who suffered much. Discover Twain’s arguments with God and a powerful response that helps strengthen your faith and understanding of our loving Creator!