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Inferior Colliculus Microcircuits by Manuel S. Malmierca

Title Inferior Colliculus Microcircuits
Author Manuel S. Malmierca
Publisher Frontiers Media SA
Release Date 2015-03-17
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN 9782889193851
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

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The Mammalian Auditory Pathways by Douglas L. Oliver

Title The Mammalian Auditory Pathways
Author Douglas L. Oliver
Publisher Springer
Release Date 2018-03-10
Category Medical
Total Pages 267
ISBN 9783319717982
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The auditory system is a complex neural system composed of many types of neurons connected into networks. One feature that sets the auditory system apart from other sensory systems, such as somatosensory or visual systems, is the many stages of neural processing that occur between the ear in the periphery and the cerebral cortex. Each stage is composed of specialized types of neurons connected in specific microcircuits that perform computations on the information about sound. To understand this processing, all the tools of neuroscience must be employed. The proposed text integrates cell biology, synaptic physiology, and electrophysiology to fully develop the topic, presenting an overview of the functional anatomy of the central auditory system. It is organized based on the neuronal connectivity of the central auditory system, which emphasizes the neurons, their synaptic organization, and their formation of functional pathways and microcircuits. The goal of the book is to stimulate research into the cell biology of the central auditory system and the characteristics of the specific neurons and connections that are necessary for normal hearing. Future research on the development of the central auditory including that employing stem cells will require such information in order to engineer appropriate therapeutic approaches. ​

Handbook Of Brain Microcircuits by Gordon M. Shepherd

Title Handbook of Brain Microcircuits
Author Gordon M. Shepherd
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release Date 2018
Category Medical
Total Pages 624
ISBN 9780190636111
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Updated and revised, the second edition of Handbook of Brain Microcircuits covers the functional organization of 50 brain regions. This now-classic text uses an interdisciplinary approach to examine the integration of structure, function, electrophysiology, pharmacology, brain imaging, and behavior. Through uniquely concise and authoritative chapters by leaders in their fields, the Handbook of Brain Microcircuits synthesizes many of the new principles of microcircuit organization that are defining a new era in understanding the brain connectome, integrating the major neuronal pathways and essential microcircuits with brain function. New to the Second Edition: � Insights into new regions of the brain through canonical microcircuit diagrams for each region � Latest methodology in optogenetics, neurotransmitter uncaging, computational models of neurons and microcircuits, serial ultrastructure reconstructions, cellular and regional imaging � Extrapolated data from new genetic tools and understandings applied to microcircuits in the mouse and Drosophila � Common principles across vertebrate and invertebrate microcircuit systems, one of the key goals of modern neuroscience

Handbook Of Brain Microcircuits by Gordon Shepherd, Sten Grillner

Title Handbook of Brain Microcircuits
Author Gordon Shepherd, Sten Grillner
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release Date 2010-09-22
Category Medical
Total Pages 536
ISBN 9780199780334
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Microcircuits are the specific arrangements of cells and their connections that carry out the operations unique to each brain region. This resource summarizes succinctly these circuits in over 40 regions - enabling comparisons of principles across both vertebrates and invertebrates. It provides a new foundation for understanding brain function that will be of interest to all neuroscientists. Oxford Clinical Neuroscience is a comprehensive, cross-searchable collection of resources offering quick and easy access to eleven of Oxford University Press's prestigious neuroscience texts. Joining Oxford Medicine Online these resources offer students, specialists and clinical researchers the best quality content in an easy-to-access format.

The Inferior Colliculus by Jeffery A. Winer

Title The Inferior Colliculus
Author Jeffery A. Winer
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2005-02-10
Category Medical
Total Pages 705
ISBN 0387220380
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The inferior colliculus is essential for hearing. Connecting the auditory brain stem to sensory, motor, and limbic systems, the inferior colliculus is a critical midbrain station for auditory processing. Winer and Schreiner's The Inferior Colliculus is the first critical, comprehensive reference presenting the current knowledge of the inferior colliculus from a variety of perspectives, including anatomical, physiological, developmental, neurochemical, biophysical, neuroethological and clinical vantage points. Written by leading researchers in the field, the book is an ideal introduction to the inferior colliculus and central auditory processing for clinicians, otolaryngologists, graduate and postgraduate research workers in the auditory and other sensory-motor systems. About the Editors: Jeffery A. Winer is Professor of Neurobiology in the Department of Molecular and Cell Biology at the University of California at Berkeley. Christoph E. Schreiner is Professor and Vice-Chair in the Department of Otolaryngology and Member of the Coleman Memorial Laboratory and the W. M. Keck Center for Integrative Neurosciences at the University of California School of Medicine at San Francisco.

Title The Oxford Handbook of the Auditory Brainstem
Author Karl Kandler PhD
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release Date 2019-08-22
Category Science
Total Pages 512
ISBN 9780190849085
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Oxford Handbook of The Auditory Brainstem provides an introduction as well as an in-depth reference to the organization and function of ascending and descending auditory pathways in the mammalian brainstem. Individual chapters are organized along the auditory pathway beginning with the cochlea and ending with the auditory midbrain. Each chapter provides an introduction to the respective area, and summarizes our current knowledge before discussing disputes and challenges the field currently faces. A major emphasis throughout this book is on the numerous forms of plasticity that are increasingly observed in many areas of the auditory brainstem. Several chapters focus on neuronal modulation of function and synaptic, neuronal, and circuit plasticity, especially under circumstances when they occur most prominently: during development, aging, and following peripheral hearing loss. In addition, the book addresses the role of trauma-induced maladaptive plasticity with respect to its contribution in generating central hearing dysfunction such as hyperacusis and tinnitus. The book is intended for students and postdocs starting in the auditory field, and researchers of related fields who wish to get an authoritative and up-to-date summary of the current state of auditory brainstem research. For clinical practitioners in audiology, otolaryngology, and neurology, the book is a valuable resource of information about the neuronal mechanisms that are major candidates for the generation of central hearing dysfunction.

Title Neural Circuit and Cognitive Development
Author Bin Chen
Publisher Academic Press
Release Date 2020-06-10
Category Science
Total Pages 668
ISBN 9780128144121
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Neural Circuit and Cognitive Development, Second Edition, the latest release in the Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience series, provides a much-needed update to underscore the latest research in this rapidly evolving field, with new section editors discussing the technological advances that are enabling the pursuit of new research on brain development. This volume is devoted mainly to anatomical and functional development of neural circuits and neural systems and cognitive development. Understanding the critical role these changes play in neurodevelopment provides the ability to explore and elucidate the underlying causes of neurodevelopmental disorders and their effect on cognition. This series is designed to fill the knowledge gap, offering the most thorough coverage of this field on the market today and addressing all aspects of how the nervous system and its components develop. Features leading experts in various subfields as section editors and article authors Presents articles that have been peer reviewed to ensure accuracy, thoroughness and scholarship Includes coverage of mechanisms that control the assembly of neural circuits in specific regions of the nervous system and multiple aspects of cognitive development

Title The Mammalian Auditory Pathway Neuroanatomy
Author Douglas B Webster
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2013-12-01
Category Science
Total Pages 486
ISBN 9781461244165
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Springer Handbook of Auditory Research presents a series of com prehensive and synthetic reviews of the fundamental topics in modem auditory research. It is aimed at all individuals with interests in hearing research including advanced graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, and clinical investigators. The volumes will introduce new investigators to important aspects of hearing science and will help established inves tigators to better understand the fundamental theories and data in fields of hearing that they may not normally follow closely. Each volume is intended to present a particular topic comprehensively, and each chapter will serve as a synthetic overview and guide to the literature. As such, the chapters present neither exhaustive data reviews nor original research that has not yet appeared in peer-reviewed journals. The series focusses on topics that have developed a solid data and con ceptual foundation rather than on those for which a literature is only beginning to develop. New research areas will be covered on a timely basis in the series as they begin to mature.

Society For Neuroscience Abstracts by Society for Neuroscience. Annual Meeting

Title Society for Neuroscience Abstracts
Author Society for Neuroscience. Annual Meeting
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1983
Category Neurobiology
Total Pages 1414
ISBN NWU:35558005200494
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Title Integrative Functions in the Mammalian Auditory Pathway
Author Donata Oertel
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2013-03-09
Category Science
Total Pages 432
ISBN 9781475736540
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

A summary of how the electrical signals used to represent sounds are encoded and interpreted through the integrated roles of various nuclei. This volume builds on the information about the anatomy and physiology of the auditory pathway found in volumes 1 and 2 of the SHAR series. While the first two volumes describe the structure and function of auditory pathways, this one explains how these pathways lead to an animal's ability to localize and interpret sounds.

Title Visual Mismatch Negativity vMMN a Prediction Error Signal in the Visual Modality
Author Gabor Stefanics
Publisher Frontiers Media SA
Release Date 2015-06-04
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN 9782889195602
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Current theories of visual change detection emphasize the importance of conscious attention to detect unexpected changes in the visual environment. However, an increasing body of studies shows that the human brain is capable of detecting even small visual changes, especially if such changes violate non-conscious probabilistic expectations based on repeating experiences. In other words, our brain automatically represents statistical regularities of our visual environmental. Since the discovery of the auditory mismatch negativity (MMN) event-related potential (ERP) component, the majority of research in the field has focused on auditory deviance detection. Such automatic change detection mechanisms operate in the visual modality too, as indicated by the visual mismatch negativity (vMMN) brain potential to rare changes. VMMN is typically elicited by stimuli with infrequent (deviant) features embedded in a stream of frequent (standard) stimuli, outside the focus of attention. In this research topic we aim to present vMMN as a prediction error signal. Predictive coding theories account for phenomena such as mismatch negativity and repetition suppression, and place them in a broader context of a general theory of cortical responses. A wide range of vMMN studies has been presented in this Research Topic. Twelve articles address roughly four general sub-themes including attention, language, face processing, and psychiatric disorders. Additionally, four articles focused on particular subjects such as the oblique effect, object formation, and development and time-frequency analysis of vMMN. Furthermore, a review paper presented vMMN in a hierarchical predictive coding framework. Each paper in this Research Topic is a valuable contribution to the field of automatic visual change detection and deepens our understanding of the short term plasticity underlying predictive processes of visual perceptual learning.

Title The Primate Visual System
Author Jon H. Kaas
Publisher CRC Press
Release Date 2003-07-28
Category Medical
Total Pages 440
ISBN 0203507592
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The last 20 years of research have been marked by exceptional progress in understanding the organization and functions of the primate visual system. This understanding has been based on the wide application of traditional and newly emerging methods for identifying the functionally significant subdivisions of the system, their interconnections, the

Title Thalamic Function Beyond a Simple Relay
Author Vincenzo Crunelli
Publisher Frontiers Media SA
Release Date 2016-05-20
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN 9782889198429
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The thalamus is often described as a relay. Typified by sensory pathways, this concept leads to thalamic nuclei being viewed as areas that passively streams information from a single source to the cortex, without affecting the nature of that information. However, diverse intrathalamic connections, the varying synaptic and membrane properties of thalamic neurons and the large number of inputs from non-sensory sources make the idea that the thalamus is just a passive relay unlikely. Furthermore, a large number of thalamic nuclei are not primarily driven by sensory signals nor do they exclusively target the cortex, meaning the thalamus must do more than simply pass sensory signals to the cortex. Finally, there is a wealth of research demonstrating that the thalamus does indeed function in ways that are not captured by the concept of a simple relay. So why, given all of this, is the primary paradigm for describing the thalamus, a relay? This Research Topic covers original research, reviews and hypotheses on thalamic function that explore the concept that the thalamus performs computational tasks other than simply passively relaying information.

The Olivo Cerebellar System by Egidio D'Angelo

Title The olivo cerebellar system
Author Egidio D'Angelo
Publisher Frontiers Media SA
Release Date 2016-04-29
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN 9782889198269
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

During the last decades, investigations on the olivo-cerebellar system have attained a high level of sophistication, which led to redefinitions of several structural and functional properties of neurons, synapses, connections and circuits. Research has expanded and deepened in so many directions and so many theories and models have been proposed that an ensemble review of the matter is now needed. Yet, hot topics remain open and scientific discussion is very lively at several fronts. One major question, here as well as in other major brain circuits, is how single neurons and synaptic properties emerge at the network level and contribute to behavioural regulation via neuronal plasticity. Other major aspects that this Research Topic covers and discusses include the development and circuit organization of the olivo-cerebellar network, the established and recent theories of learning and motor control, and the emerging role of the cerebellum in cognitive processing. By touching on such varied and encompassing subjects, this Frontiers Special Topic aims to highlight the state of the art and stimulate future research. We hope that this unique collection of high-quality articles from experts in the field will provide scientists with a powerful basis of knowledge and inspiration to enucleate the major issues deserving further attention.

Scholarpedia Of Touch by Tony Prescott

Title Scholarpedia of Touch
Author Tony Prescott
Publisher Springer
Release Date 2015-11-21
Category Computers
Total Pages 827
ISBN 9789462391338
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Scholarpedia’s Encyclopedia of Touch provides a comprehensive collection of peer-reviewed articles written by leading researchers, detailing our current scientific understanding of tactile sensing and its neural substrates in animals including humans. The encyclopedia allows ideas and insights to be shared between researchers working on different aspects of touch and in different species, including research in synthetic touch systems. In addition, this encyclopedia raises awareness of research in tactile sensing and increases scientific and public interest in the field. The articles address subjects including tactile control, whiskered robots, vibrissal coding, the molecular basis of touch, invertebrate mechanoreception, fingertip transducers and tactile sensing. All the articles in this encyclopedia provide in-depth and state-of-the-art scholarly treatment of the academic topics concerned, making it an excellent reference work for academics, professionals and students.

Title The Journal of Neuroscience
Author Anonim
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2008
Category Neurology
Total Pages 86
ISBN NWU:35558005686981
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Run In The Light by John Mitrofanis

Title Run in the Light
Author John Mitrofanis
Publisher Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release Date 2019-08-05
Category Science
Total Pages 171
ISBN 9781643277202
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Parkinson's disease is a neurological disorder with cardinal motor signs of resting tremor, bradykinesia and lead-pipe rigidity. In addition, many patients display non-motor symptoms, including a diminished sensation of smell, gastrointestinal problems, various disorders of sleep and some cognitive impairment. These clinical features - particularly the motor signs - manifest after a progressive death of many dopaminergic neurones in the brain. Although currently available, conventional therapies can reduce the signs of the disease, the progression of this neuronal death has proved difficult to slow or stop, and the condition is relentlessly progressive. Hence, there is a real need to develop a treatment that is neuroprotective, one that slows the pathology of the disease effectively. At present, there are several neuroprotective therapies in the experimental pipeline, but these are for the patients of tomorrow. This book focuses on two therapies that are readily available for the patients of today. They involve the use of exercise and light (i.e. photobiomodulation, the use of red to infrared light therapy (λ=600-1070nm) on body tissues). The two therapies are tied together in several ways. First, in animal models of Parkinson's disease, they each have been shown to offer the key feature of neuroprotection, stimulating a series of built-in protective mechanisms within the neurones, that helps their survival, to self-protect and/or self-repair. There are also some promising indications of neuroprotection and many beneficial outcomes in parkinsonian patients. Further, both exercise and light therapies are similar in that they are non-invasive and safe to use, with no known adverse side-effects, making their combination with the conventional therapies, such as dopamine replacement drug therapy and deep brain stimulation, all the more feasible. Given the heterogeneity of Parkinson's disease in humans, tackling the condition from a range of different angles - with a number of different therapies - would only serve to enhance the positive outcomes. This book considers the use of exercise and light therapies, proposing that they have the potential to make a powerful "dynamic duo", offering a most effective neuroprotective treatment option to patients.

Title The Physics of the Mind and Brain Disorders
Author Ioan Opris
Publisher Springer
Release Date 2017-12-01
Category Medical
Total Pages 793
ISBN 9783319296746
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book covers recent advances in the understanding of brain structure, function and disorders based on the fundamental principles of physics. It covers a broad range of physical phenomena occurring in the brain circuits for perception, cognition, emotion and action, representing the building blocks of the mind. It provides novel insights into the devastating brain disorders of the mind such as schizophrenia, dementia, autism, aging or addictions, as well as into the new devices for brain repair. The book is aimed at basic researchers in the fields of neuroscience, physics, biophysics and clinicians in the fields of neurology, neurosurgery, psychology, psychiatry.

Neuroanatomical Tract Tracing by Laszlo Zaborszky

Title Neuroanatomical Tract Tracing
Author Laszlo Zaborszky
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2006-11-22
Category Medical
Total Pages 698
ISBN 9780387289427
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The first two editions of this title had a tremendous impact in neuroscience. Between the Second edition in 1989 and today, there has been an explosion of information in the field, including advances in molecular techniques, such as genomics and proteomics, which have become increasing important in neuroscience. A renaissance in fluorescence has occurred, driven by the development of new probes, new microscopes, live imagers, and computer processing. The introduction of new markers has enormously stimulated the field, moving it from tissue culture to neurophysiology to functional MRI techniques.