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Title Gender Transformations in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies
Author Julia Katharina Koch
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2019-12-17
Category
Total Pages 500
ISBN 9088908222
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This volume is dedicated to examining the role and impact of gender relations during socio-environmental transformation processes as well as matters of gender equality in archaeological academia across the globe.

Title Current Approaches to Tells in the Prehistoric Old World
Author Antonio Blanco-González
Publisher Oxbow Books
Release Date 2020-11-30
Category Social Science
Total Pages 224
ISBN 9781789254877
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Deeply stratified settlements are a distinctive site type featuring prominently in diverse later prehistoric landscapes of the Old World. Their massive materiality has attracted the curiosity of lay people and archaeologists alike. Nowadays a wide variety of archaeological projects are tracking the lifestyles and social practices that led to the building-up of such superimposed artificial hills. However, prehistoric tell-dwelling communities are too often approached from narrow local perspectives or discussed within strict time- and culture-specific debates. There is a great potential to learn from such ubiquitous archaeological manifestations as the physical outcome of cross-cutting dynamics and comparable underlying forces irrespective of time and space. This volume tackles tells and tell-like sites as a transversal phenomenon whose commonalities and divergences are poorly understood yet may benefit from cross-cultural comparison. Thus, the book intends to assemble a representative range of ongoing theory – and science –based fieldwork projects targeting this kind of sites. With the aim of encompassing a variety of social and material dynamics, the volume’s scope is diachronic – from the Earliest Neolithic up to the Iron Age–, and covers a very large region, from Iberia in Western Europe to Syria in the Middle East. The core of the volume comprises a selection of the most remarkable contributions to the session with a similar title celebrated in the European Association of Archaeologists Annual Meeting held at Barcelona in 2018. In addition, the book includes invited chapters to round out underrepresented areas and periods in the EAA session with relevant research programmes in the Old World. To accomplish such a cross-cultural course, the book takes a case-based approach, with contributions disparate both in their theoretical foundations – from household archaeology, social agency and formation theory – and their research strategies – including geophysical survey, microarchaeology and high-resolution excavation and dating.

Title Monumentalising Life in the Neolithic
Author Anne Birgitte Gebaer
Publisher Oxbow Books
Release Date 2020-09-30
Category Social Science
Total Pages 320
ISBN 9781789254952
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

One of the principal characteristics of the European Neolithic is the development of monumentality in association with innovations in material culture and changes in subsistence from hunting and gathering to farming and pastoralism. The papers in this volume discuss the latest insights into why monumental architecture became an integral part of early farming societies in Europe and beyond. One of the topics is how we define monuments and how our arguments and recent research on temporality impacts on our interpretation of the Neolithic period. Different interpretations of Göbekli Tepe are examples of this discussion as well as our understanding of special landmarks such as flint mines. The latest evidence on the economic and paleoenvironmental context, carbon 14 dates as well as analytical methods are employed in illuminating the emergence of monumentalism in Neolithic Europe. Studies are taking place on a macro and micro scale in areas as diverse as Great Britain, Denmark, Sweden, Poland, Germany, the Dutch wetlands, Portugal and Malta involving a range of monuments from long barrows and megalithic tombs to roundels and enclosures. Transformation from a natural to a built environment by monumentalizing part of the landscape is discussed as well as changes in megalithic architecture in relation to shifts in the social structure. An ethnographic study of megaliths in Nagaland discuss monument building as an act of social construction. Other studies look into the role of monuments as expressions of cosmology and active loci of ceremonial performances. Also, a couple of papers analyse the social processes in the transformation of society in the aftermath of the initial boom in monument construction and the related changes in subsistence and social structure in northern Europe. The aim of the publication is to explore different theories about the relationship between monumentality and the Neolithic way of life through these studies encompassing a wide range of types of monuments over vast areas of Europe and beyond.

Title Archaic Transitions in Ohio and Kentucky Prehistory
Author Olaf H. Prufer
Publisher Kent State University Press
Release Date 2001
Category History
Total Pages 359
ISBN 0873387139
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

After the last Ice Age, the southern Lake Erie basin and the Ohio valley were characterized by biotic zones that influenced cultural development of archaic Native American populations. This text looks at the transition from nomadic hunting and gathering to the rise of food production in this area.

Title Early Mesoamerican Social Transformations
Author Richard G. Lesure
Publisher Univ of California Press
Release Date 2011-10-04
Category Social Science
Total Pages 304
ISBN 9780520950566
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Between 3500 and 500 bc, the social landscape of ancient Mesoamerica was completely transformed. At the beginning of this period, the mobile lifeways of a sparse population were oriented toward hunting and gathering. Three millennia later, protourban communities teemed with people. These essays by leading Mesoamerican archaeologists examine developments of the era as they unfolded in the Soconusco region along the Pacific coast of Mexico and Guatemala, a region that has emerged as crucial for understanding the rise of ancient civilizations in Mesoamerica. The contributors explore topics including the gendered division of labor, changes in subsistence, the character of ceremonialism, the emergence of social inequality, and large-scale patterns of population distribution and social change. Together, they demonstrate the contribution of Soconusco to cultural evolution in Mesoamerica and challenge what we thought we knew about the path toward social complexity.

The Gift by Marcel Mauss

Title The Gift
Author Marcel Mauss
Publisher Routledge
Release Date 2002-09-10
Category Social Science
Total Pages 192
ISBN 9781136896842
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

First published in 1990. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Prehistory Decoded by Martin Sweatman

Title Prehistory Decoded
Author Martin Sweatman
Publisher Troubador Publishing Ltd
Release Date 2019-06-28
Category Science
Total Pages 200
ISBN 9781838599669
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The story of a major scientific discovery, solving one of the greatest puzzles on Earth. Connects geoscience and astronomy with ancient archaeology to uncover an astronmical code used for over 40,000 years. Explains the meaning of some of the greatest ancient artworks.

Title Art of the Ancestors Spatial and temporal patterning in the ceiling rock art of Nawarla Gabarnmang Arnhem Land Australia
Author Robert G. Gunn
Publisher Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
Release Date 2018-12-31
Category Social Science
Total Pages 918
ISBN 9781789690712
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This volume, focusing on the ceiling art at Nawarla Gabarnmang, one of the richest rock art sites in Arnhem Land (in Australia’s Northern Territory), presents a new systematic approach to the archaeological recording and documentation of rock art developed to analyse the spatial and temporal structure of complex rock art panels.

Title Prehistoric Stone Tools of Eastern Africa
Author John Shea
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release Date 2020-04-30
Category History
Total Pages 317
ISBN 9781108424431
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

A detailed overview of the Eastern African stone tools that make up the world's longest archaeological record.

Male Roles Masculinities And Violence by Expert Group Meeting on Male Roles and M

Title Male Roles Masculinities and Violence
Author Expert Group Meeting on Male Roles and M
Publisher UNESCO
Release Date 2000
Category Social Science
Total Pages 288
ISBN STANFORD:36105110666471
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book is based on an expert group meeting entitled 'Male Roles and Masculinities in the Perspective of a Culture of Peace', which was organised by UNESCO in Oslo, Norway in 1997, the first international discussion of the connections between men and masculinity and peace and war. The group consisted of researchers, activists, policy makers and administrators and the aim of the meeting was to formulate practical suggestions for change. Chapters in the book consist of both regional case studies and social science research on the connections of traditional masculinity and patriarchy to violence and peace building. The Culture of Peace initiatives in this book show how violence is ineffective, and the book contests the views in the socialisation of boy-children that aggressiveness, violence and force are an acceptable means of expression.

Title Representations of Gender From Prehistory To the Present
Author NA NA
Publisher Springer
Release Date 2016-04-30
Category Juvenile Nonfiction
Total Pages 242
ISBN 9781349623310
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Focusing primarily on visual forms of representation, but also including material on literary representation, this volume brings together studies as apparently disparate as the iconography of power in Mediterranean prehistory and clothing and cultural meaning in the First and Second World Wars. What draws these chapters together is the common focus on how the scholar of the twenty-first century can pursue the interpretation of past representational cultural production from a gendered perspective. The fruit of research by academics from the fields of archaeology, classics and ancient history, art history and social history, and from both sides of the Atlantic, this volume is a fascinating introduction to a developing field.

Title World Prehistory and Archaeology
Author Michael Chazan
Publisher Routledge
Release Date 2015-10-05
Category Social Science
Total Pages 504
ISBN 9781317347507
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

An integrated picture of prehistory as an active process of discovery. World Prehistory and Archaeology: Pathways through Time, third edition, provides an integrated discussion of world prehistory and archaeological methods. This text emphasizes the relevance of how we know and what we know about our human prehistory. A cornerstone of World Prehistory and Archaeology is the discussion of prehistory as an active process of discovery. Methodological issues are addressed throughout the text to engage readers. Archaeological methods are introduced in the first two chapters. Succeeding chapters then address the question of how we know the past to provide an integrated presentation of prehistory. The third edition involves readers in the current state of archaeological research, revealing how archaeologists work and interpret what they find. Through the coverage of various new research, author Michael Chazan shows how archaeology is truly a global discipline. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to: * Gain new perspectives and insights into who we are and how our world came into being. * Think about humanity from the perspective of archaeology. * Appreciate the importance of the archaeological record for understanding contemporary society.

Title Between the Murray and the Sea
Author David Frankel
Publisher Sydney University Press
Release Date 2017-12-05
Category Social Science
Total Pages 282
ISBN 9781743325537
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Between the Murray and the Sea: Aboriginal Archaeology in South-eastern Australia explores the Indigenous archaeology of Victoria, focusing on areas south and east of the Murray River. Looking at multiple sites from the region, David Frankel considers what the archaeological evidence reveals about Indigenous society, migration, and hunting techniques. He looks at how an understanding of the changing environment, combined with information drawn from 19th-century ethnohistory, can inform our interpretation of the archaeological record. In the process, he investigates the nature of archaeological evidence and explanation, and proposes approaches for future research. ‘A carefully crafted and impressively illustrated depiction of the economic and social lives of past Aboriginal peoples who lived in the diverse landscapes that existed between the Murray and the sea. This book will be valuable to both specialists and non-specialists alike, as it provides a foundation for thinking about the remarkable variety of ways Aboriginal foragers adapted to the lands of southeastern Australia.’ Peter Hiscock, Tom Austen Brown Professor of Australian Archaeology, University of Sydney

Title Archaeological Studies of Gender in the Southeastern United States
Author Jane M. Eastman
Publisher Orange Groove Books
Release Date 2009-09-01
Category Social Science
Total Pages 240
ISBN 161610113X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

"This book begins the attempt to answer many of the archaeological questions we are finally asking about the long-ignored but crucially important and ever-present social roles of gender among native Americans in the Southeast." -- Nancy Marie White, University of South Florida, coeditor of Grit-Tempered: Early Women Archaeologists in the Southeastern United States In the first book about the archaeology of gender in native societies of southeastern North America, these lively essays reconstruct the different social roles and relationships adopted by women and men before and after the arrival of Europeans in the 16th century. Case studies explore the ways in which gender differences affected people's daily lives by examining material evidence from archaeological sites, including grave goods, human remains, spatial configurations of burials and architecture, and evidence for economic specialization and the division of labor within households. Contents Introduction: Gender and the Archaeology of the Southeast, by Christopher B. Rodning and Jane M. Eastman 1. Challenges for Regendering Southeastern Prehistory, by Cheryl Claassen 2. The Gender Division of Labor in Mississippian Households: Its Role in Shaping Production for Exchange, by Larissa Thomas 3. Life Courses and Gender among Late Prehistoric Siouan Communities, by Jane M. Eastman 4. Mortuary Ritual and Gender Ideology in Protohistoric Southwestern North Carolina, by Christopher B. Rodning 5. Those Men in the Mounds: Gender, Politics, and Mortuary Practices in Late Prehistoric Eastern Tennessee, by Lynne P. Sullivan 6. Piedmont Siouans and Mortuary Archaeology on the Eno River, North Carolina, by Elizabeth I. Monahan Driscoll, R. P. Stephen Davis, Jr., and H. Trawick Ward 7. Auditory Exostoses: A Clue to Gender in Prehistoric and Historic Farming Communities of North Carolina and Virginia, by Patricia M. Lambert 8. Concluding Thoughts, by Janet E. Levy Jane M. Eastman is visiting assistant professor of anthropology at East Carolina University. Christopher B. Rodning is a doctoral candidate in the Department of Anthropology at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

Title In the Footsteps of Honor Frost
Author Lucy Blue
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2019-12-10
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN 9088908303
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book provides an assessment of Honor Frost's pioneering work in the maritime and underwater archaeology of the eastern Mediterranean and its legacy within current investigations written by her colleagues her and those influenced by her research.

Transformations by Vanessa Finney

Title Transformations
Author Vanessa Finney
Publisher NewSouth
Release Date 2019-03
Category History
Total Pages 220
ISBN 1742235808
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The fascinating story of the Scott sisters, who transformed nature into art in their extraordinary paintings of butterflies and moths, is told here for the first time.With their collecting boxes, notebooks, and paintbrushes, Harriet and Helena Scott entered the masculine worlds of science and art and became two of nineteenth-century Australia's most prominent natural history painters. Transformations tells the complete story of the Scott sisters for the first time--their early lives in colonial Sydney, their training as naturalists and artists on the isolated Ash Island, and their professional triumphs. This is a rare pictorial record of two talented and determined women who transformed nature into art in their extraordinary paintings.

Title The Archaeology of Plural and Changing Identities
Author Eleanor Casella
Publisher Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date 2005-12-05
Category Social Science
Total Pages 272
ISBN 0306486954
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

As people move through life, they continually shift affiliation from one position to another, dependent on the wider contexts of their interactions. Different forms of material culture may be employed as affiliations shift, and the connotations of any given set of artifacts may change. In this volume the authors explore these overlapping spheres of social affiliation. Social actors belong to multiple identity groups at any moment in their life. It is possible to deploy one or many potential labels in describing the identities of such an actor. Two main axes exist upon which we can plot experiences of social belonging – the synchronic and the diachronic. Identities can be understood as multiple during one moment (or the extended moment of brief interaction), over the span of a lifetime, or over a specific historical trajectory. From the Introduction The international contributions each illuminate how the various identifiers of race, ethnicity, sexuality, age, class, gender, personhood, health, and/or religion are part of both material expressions of social affiliations, and transient experiences of identity. The Archaeology of Plural and Changing Identities: Beyond Identification will be of great interest to archaeologists, anthropologists, historians, curators and other social scientists interested in the mutability of identification through material remains.

Sexual Politics by Kate Millett

Title Sexual Politics
Author Kate Millett
Publisher Columbia University Press
Release Date 2016-02-16
Category Social Science
Total Pages 416
ISBN 9780231541725
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

A sensation upon its publication in 1970, Sexual Politics documents the subjugation of women in great literature and art. Kate Millett's analysis targets four revered authors—D. H. Lawrence, Henry Miller, Norman Mailer, and Jean Genet—and builds a damning profile of literature's patriarchal myths and their extension into psychology, philosophy, and politics. Her eloquence and popular examples taught a generation to recognize inequities masquerading as nature and proved the value of feminist critique in all facets of life. This new edition features the scholar Catharine A. MacKinnon and the New Yorker correspondent Rebecca Mead on the importance of Millett's work to challenging the complacency that sidelines feminism.

Title Pacific Latin America in Prehistory
Author Michael Blake
Publisher Washington State University Press
Release Date 1999
Category History
Total Pages 223
ISBN UTEXAS:059173006178860
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Studying the similarities, and the many differences, of these varied prehistoric cultures can help us understand some central issues in archaeology - to what extent were cultural variations caused by different historical traditions, environmental conditions, and interactions with neighboring peoples, and how do civilizations arise?

The Family In Greek History by Cynthia B. Patterson

Title The Family in Greek History
Author Cynthia B. Patterson
Publisher Harvard University Press
Release Date 2009-07-01
Category History
Total Pages 304
ISBN 9780674041929
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The family, Cynthia Patterson demonstrates, played a key role in the political changes that mark the history of ancient Greece. From the archaic society portrayed in Homer and Hesiod to the Hellenistic age, the private world of the family and household was integral with and essential to the civic realm. Early Greek society was rooted not in clans but in individual households, and a man's or woman's place in the larger community was determined by relationships within those households. The development of the city-state did not result in loss of the family's power and authority, Patterson argues; rather, the protection of household relationships was an important element of early public law. The interaction of civic and family concerns in classical Athens is neatly articulated by the examples of marriage and adultery laws. In law courts and in theater performances, violation of marital relationships was presented as a public danger, the adulterer as a sexual thief. This is an understanding that fits the Athenian concept of the city as the highest form of family. The suppression of the cities with the ascendancy of Alexander's empire led to a new resolution of the relationship between public and private authority: the concept of a community of households, which is clearly exemplified in Menander's plays. Undercutting common interpretations of Greek experience as evolving from clan to patriarchal state, Patterson's insightful analysis sheds new light on the role of men and women in Greek culture.