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The Asian Elephant by R. Sukumar

Title The Asian Elephant
Author R. Sukumar
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Release Date 1992
Category Nature
Total Pages 255
ISBN 052143758X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This ecological analysis of elephant-human interaction, and its implications for the conservation of Asian elephants, includes recommendations on conservation and management, taking into consideration the socio-economic characteristics of the Asian region.

The Asian Elephant by Charles Santiapillai

Title The Asian Elephant
Author Charles Santiapillai
Publisher IUCN
Release Date 1990
Category Nature
Total Pages 80
ISBN 2880329973
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This Action Plan considers elephant populations across Asia on the basis of size and provides recommendations to enhance their long-term survival. It also considers the management of elephants in captivity. Given that the basis for improved management of elephants throughout Asia must be sound systematic scientific research, the Action Plan recommends a number of research projects that need to be carried out in the field.

Asian Elephants by Debabrata Swain

Title Asian Elephants
Author Debabrata Swain
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2004
Category Asiatic elephant
Total Pages 226
ISBN UOM:39015062453678
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

The Book narrates with an extraodinary skill and erudition, many new and outstanding feature of the grave threats to the Asian Elephants cooped up in small forest blocks fragmentation of habitats with devastated corridors caused by human artefacts, encroachments, unbridled mining preventing their movement from one feeding ground to another, thus making them restive within small confinements. Enriched with tell tale photographs, the book seeks to enjoy the first distinction of projecting the rock engravings at the Hati-Gumpha (Elephant Cave) and other histotical sites, its visible presence in motifs in Orissan arts, and architecture.The book enjoys yet another distinction of projecting ground realities and practical experiences of the author, an elephant expert, instead of harping on theoretical assumptions thus making the book a prized possession of scholars, researchers, wildlife buffs, ecologists, environments, managers of PAs(Protected Areas) and Elephant Reserves. Many of the creative ideas in this masterpiece can help planners to spell out strategies to deal with man- elephant conflicts.

United States Code by United States

Title United States Code
Author United States
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1999
Category Law
Total Pages 86
ISBN UOM:39015077148552
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title Conservation of Asian Elephants in Bangladesh
Author Anonim
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2004
Category Asiatic elephant
Total Pages 86
ISBN CHI:74974719
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Title H R 1787 Conservation of Asian Elephants
Author USGPO Staff
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1998
Category Asiatic elephant
Total Pages 79
ISBN PSU:000032138436
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Asian Elephants by LERNER PUB GROUP

Title Asian Elephants
Author LERNER PUB GROUP
Publisher Amer Reading Company
Release Date 2009-07-01
Category Juvenile Nonfiction
Total Pages 24
ISBN 1593012632
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

elephants and their habitat

Title United States Statutes at Large
Author United States
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1998
Category Law
Total Pages 86
ISBN UCR:31210013183593
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Vols. for 1950-19 contained treaties and international agreements issued by the Secretary of State as United States treaties and other international agreements.

Asian Elephant by Matt Turner

Title Asian Elephant
Author Matt Turner
Publisher Heinemann-Raintree Library
Release Date 2005
Category Juvenile Nonfiction
Total Pages 48
ISBN 1403455813
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Discusses the plight of Asian elephants and why they are near extinction, as well as some of the ways humans can help.

Title The Asian Elephant in Captivity
Author Fred Kurt
Publisher Cambridge India
Release Date 2006-12-01
Category Science
Total Pages 360
ISBN 9788175963580
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Today, one out of three Asian elephants lives in captivity. Although captive elephants have existed since 3,500 years, they have never been domesticated. During the last few decades the life of the captive elephants brought to temples, cities and tourist resorts have become more miserable than it was while they lived in jungle camps. In order to improve the situation, the living conditions of captive elephants must be changed fundamentally, i.e. they should lead a life under more natural conditions. The lack of fundamental knowledge about wild elephants induces anthropocentric actions and argumentation, but is of little help to the captive elephants. This book provides data on ecology and behaviour of captive elephants in relation to their wild conspecifics. They stem from a recent research project of the authors and their co-workers in Sri Lanka and also from a number of their studies on wild and captive elephants in Sri Lanka, South India, Myanmar and South Africa as well as in several European zoos and circuses. Aspects of social behaviour, reproduction and musth as well as stereotypical behaviour, sleep and tool-use of wild and captive elephants are described. Finally, recommendations on how to improve the living conditions of captive elephants are also added.

Title Counting Asian Elephants in Forests
Author Shanthini Dawson
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1992
Category Asiatic elephant
Total Pages 56
ISBN MINN:31951D01270975W
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Asian Elephant by Louise Spilsbury

Title Asian Elephant
Author Louise Spilsbury
Publisher Capstone Classroom
Release Date 2006
Category Juvenile Nonfiction
Total Pages 32
ISBN 1403478104
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

Describes the physical characteristics and habitat of the Asiatic elephant, and explains why their numbers are threatened and what can be done about it.

The Asian Elephant by J. C. Daniel

Title The Asian Elephant
Author J. C. Daniel
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1998
Category Asiatic elephant
Total Pages 306
ISBN STANFORD:36105110037186
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

This book is a collection of excerpts from articles on elephants from the Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. It provides a detailed account of the behavior and habitat of the Asian Elephant.

Title Experimental Induction of Antipredator Behavior in Asian Elephants Elephas Maximus and Its Utility in Mitigating Crop raiding
Author Vivek Thuppil
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2012
Category
Total Pages 86
ISBN 126796989X
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

While an anecdotal report from a farmer in southern India revealed that elephants were dissuaded from entering his farm and raiding his crops through playbacks of tiger calls, no formal experimental research has documented this antipredator effect. In fact, antipredator behavior has never been examined in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Separately, research efforts aimed at elephant conservation, specifically crop-raiding related human-elephant conflict mitigation, have been mainly focused on exploring the efficacy of barrier methods such as electric fences, elephant-proof trenches and chili-greased ropes. In this dissertation, I suggest that the aims of basic research and applied conservation can be integrated through the study of behavior. Here, I describe my study of elephant antipredator behavior employed in the context of mitigating crop-raiding. In Chapter 1, I provide an overview of the history of elephant-human interactions, including longer-term interactions that may have contributed to elephants considering us as an ecologically dangerous species to more recent interactions that have led to current elephant conservation measures. I also provide an overview of human-elephant conflict, established methods for mitigating such conflict and examine why novel research methods may be necessary. Chapter 2 describes an experimental study conducted in villages around Bandipur Tiger Reserve, Karnataka and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala in southern India investigating the nature of antipredator behavior in wild Asian elephants. Here, I explored whether elephants were able to discriminate elephant-triggered playbacks of angry growls of tigers, predators of elephant calves, and playbacks of angry growls of leopards, animals that pose no threat to elephants. These felid vocalizations were compared with playbacks of human shouting similar to those used by farmers to harass elephants while defending their crops. These threatening sounds were played back from large 200-watt amplifiers positioned roughly 50 m from active infrared beams that elephants would trip. The playback sounds were 105 dB sound pressure level (SPL) at a distance of 1 m from the source and 58-62 dB SPL at the point where elephants heard them. Elephants did show the ability to discriminate between felid growls and considered tiger growls to be the most threatening of the vocalizations while leopard growls were considered to be the least threatening of the vocalizations. Elephants generally ran away silently from tiger growls whereas they tended to vocalize and display conflicted behavior in response to leopard growls. With repeated exposure to the same sound playbacks, elephants partially habituated to these vocalizations and began to circumvent the sound sources, never directly challenging the vocalizations. By treating the simulated threat as a stationary one rather than a nonexistent one, elephants displayed the potential deterrent effects of the uncertainty of the presence of a dangerous predator. Even partial elephant habituation and circumvention were arrested when the vocalizations were paired with another deterrent method, such as an electric fence. Chapter 3 describes an experimental study investigating whether devices to playback tiger and lion growls could be implemented practically in a low-cost manner for mitigating crop-raiding by Asian elephants. These low-cost playback systems used a passive infrared sensor that played back threatening 10-m distance recorded sounds to elephants at a distance of 10 m, simulating an apparent predator distance of 20 m. These vocalizations were played back from two types of speakers that produced sounds of 94 dB SPL and 84 dB SPL respectively at a distance of 1 m from the source. These sounds were heard at 73-75 dB SPL and 62-64 dB SPL respectively by the elephants at distances of 10 m from the speakers. In operation, these low-cost playback systems provided effective deterrence, particularly in locations where the corridors through which elephants could access crops were very narrow. The higher volume level of a sound playback, such as for tiger growls, was extremely important in determining whether a threat was credible or not. Both tiger and lion growls originating from a close distance (

Title Handbook on Asian Elephants
Author Madhukar Dama
Publisher CreateSpace
Release Date 2014-05-17
Category Medical
Total Pages 100
ISBN 1499566646
Language English, Spanish, and French
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Book Summary:

All in one guide to the Asian Elephant for Veterinary Use or General Study