Download 1921 Tulsa Race Riot And The American Red Cross Angels Of Mercy Ebook, Epub, Textbook, quickly and easily or read online 1921 Tulsa Race Riot And The American Red Cross Angels Of Mercy full books anytime and anywhere. Click download or read online button and get unlimited access by create free account.

Title Milestone Documents in African American History 1901 1964
Author Paul Finkelman
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2010
Category African Americans
Total Pages 86
ISBN PSU:000068148133
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

The four-volume set covers more than 130 iconic primary source documents from the Revolutionary era to the present day. Each entry offers the full text of the document in question as well as an in-depth, analytical essay that places the document in its historical context. Among the documents included in the set are Revolutionary era standards such as Patrick Henry's "Liberty or Death" speech, the Declaration of Independence, and the Constitution. Important presidential sources include Thomas Jefferson's first inaugural address, Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, Franklin Roosevelt's speech following the attack on Pearl Harbor, John F. Kennedy's 1963 address on integration, and George W. Bush's address on September 11, 2001. Influential decisions of the Supreme Court are also included, from Marbury v. Madison to Brown v. Board of Education to Bush v. Gore. Critical documents related to minority rights are also present: Andrew Jackson's message "On Indian Removal, " the Seneca Falls Declaration, Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream Speech, " and the Equal Rights Amendment.--Publisher's website

Riot And Remembrance by James S. Hirsch

Title Riot and Remembrance
Author James S. Hirsch
Publisher Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Release Date 2002
Category History
Total Pages 358
ISBN UOM:39015054106227
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

Offers an account of the 1921 race riot that destroyed the Greenwood section of Tulsa, Oklahoma, leaving hundreds of black residents dead, and describes the battle for belated justice and reparations for the victims.

The American Red Cross by Marian Moser Jones

Title The American Red Cross
Author Marian Moser Jones
Publisher Johns Hopkins University Press+ORM
Release Date 2013-01-07
Category Social Science
Total Pages 404
ISBN 9781421408231
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

In dark skirts and bloodied boots, Clara Barton fearlessly ventured on to Civil War battlefields to tend to wounded soldiers. She later worked with civilians in Europe during the Franco-Prussian War, lobbied legislators to ratify the Geneva conventions, and founded and ran the American Red Cross. The American Red Cross from Clara Barton to the New Deal tells the story of the charitable organization from its start in 1881, through its humanitarian aid during wars, natural disasters, and the Depression, to its relief efforts of the 1930s. Marian Moser Jones illustrates the tension between the organization’s founding principles of humanity and neutrality and the political, economic, and moral pressures that sometimes caused it to favor one group at the expense of another. This expansive book narrates the stories of: • U.S. natural disasters such as the Jacksonville yellow fever epidemic of 1888, the Sea Islands hurricane of 1893, and the 1906 San Francisco earthquake• crises abroad, including the 1892 Russian famine and the Armenian massacres of 1895–96• efforts to help civilians affected by the civil war in Cuba• power struggles within the American Red Cross leadership and subsequent alliances with the American government• the organization's expansion during World War I• race riots in East St. Louis, Chicago, and Tulsa between 1917 and 1921• help for African American and white Southerners after the Mississippi flood of 1927• relief projects during the Dust Bowl and after the New Deal An epilogue relates the history of the American Red Cross since the beginning of World War II and illuminates the organization's current practices as well as its international reputation. -- Manon S. Parry, University of Amsterdam

Tulsa 1921 by Randy Krehbiel

Title Tulsa 1921
Author Randy Krehbiel
Publisher University of Oklahoma Press
Release Date 2019-09-19
Category History
Total Pages 328
ISBN 9780806165516
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

In 1921 Tulsa’s Greenwood District, known then as the nation’s “Black Wall Street,” was one of the most prosperous African American communities in the United States. But on May 31 of that year, a white mob, inflamed by rumors that a young black man had attempted to rape a white teenage girl, invaded Greenwood. By the end of the following day, thousands of homes and businesses lay in ashes, and perhaps as many as three hundred people were dead. Tulsa, 1921 shines new light into the shadows that have long been cast over this extraordinary instance of racial violence. With the clarity and descriptive power of a veteran journalist, author Randy Krehbiel digs deep into the events and their aftermath and investigates decades-old questions about the local culture at the root of what one writer has called a white-led pogrom. Krehbiel analyzes local newspaper accounts in an unprecedented effort to gain insight into the minds of contemporary Tulsans. In the process he considers how the Tulsa World, the Tulsa Tribune, and other publications contributed to the circumstances that led to the disaster and helped solidify enduring white justifications for it. Some historians have dismissed local newspapers as too biased to be of value for an honest account, but by contextualizing their reports, Krehbiel renders Tulsa’s papers an invaluable resource, highlighting the influence of news media on our actions in the present and our memories of the past. The Tulsa Massacre was a result of racial animosity and mistrust within a culture of political and economic corruption. In its wake, black Tulsans were denied redress and even the right to rebuild on their own property, yet they ultimately prevailed and even prospered despite systemic racism and the rise during the 1920s of the second Ku Klux Klan. As Krehbiel considers the context and consequences of the violence and devastation, he asks, Has the city—indeed, the nation—exorcised the prejudices that led to this tragedy?

Reconstructing The Dreamland by Alfred L. Brophy

Title Reconstructing the Dreamland
Author Alfred L. Brophy
Publisher Oxford University Press
Release Date 2003-04-10
Category Social Science
Total Pages 208
ISBN 0198036493
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

The 1921 Tulsa Race Riot was the country's bloodiest civil disturbance of the century. Thirty city blocks were burned to the ground, perhaps 150 died, and the prosperous black community of Greenwood, Oklahoma, was turned to rubble. Brophy draws on his own extensive research into contemporary accounts and court documents to chronicle this devastating riot, showing how and why the rule of law quickly eroded. Brophy shines his lights on mob violence and racism run amok, both on the night of the riot and the following morning. Equally important, he shows how the city government and police not only permitted looting, shootings, and the burning of Greenwood, but actively participated in it by deputizing white citizens haphazardly, giving out guns and badges, or sending men to arm themselves. Likewise, the National Guard acted unconstitutionally, arresting every black resident they found, leaving property vulnerable to the white mob. Brophy's stark narrative concludes with a discussion of reparations for victims of the riot through lawsuits and legislative action. That case has implications for other reparations movements, including reparations for slavery. "Recovers a largely forgotten history of black activism in one of the grimmest periods of race relations.... Linking history with advocacy, Brophy also offers a reasoned defense of reparations for the riot's victims."--Washington Post Book World

Title Harvard Journal of African American Public Policy
Author Anonim
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2002
Category African Americans
Total Pages 86
ISBN UOM:39015078227876
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

Title Composition in Black and White
Author Kathryn Talalay
Publisher Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date 1997
Category Biography & Autobiography
Total Pages 317
ISBN 9780195113938
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

Looks at the life of pianist-composer Philippa Schyler, from her childhood to her tragic death in a helicopter crash in 1967

The Ground Breaking by Scott Ellsworth

Title The Ground Breaking
Author Scott Ellsworth
Publisher Icon Books
Release Date 2021-05-20
Category History
Total Pages 304
ISBN 9781785787287
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

‘A brilliant update that recounts the events with the swiftness of an especially grim crime thriller. ... An essential historical record surrounding heinous events that have yet to be answered with racial justice.’ Kirkus Reviews (starred review) 'Absolutely riveting ... With a stunning combination of objectivity and empathy, it demonstrates how even in polarized times we can come together in pursuit of truth. ... Anyone interested in America’s future should read it as a template for the reconciliation that lies ahead.' Tim Blake Nelson ‘The persistence, empathy and painstaking research of The Ground Breaking move us much closer to the justice that the victims of Greenwood, and the people of America, deserve. Heartbreaking and inspiring.’ Beto O'Rourke A gripping exploration of the worst single incident of racial violence in American history, timed to coincide with its 100th anniversary. On 31 May 1921, in the city of Tulsa, Oklahoma, a mob of white men and women reduced a prosperous African American community, known as Black Wall Street, to rubble, leaving countless dead and unaccounted for, and thousands of homes and businesses destroyed. But along with the bodies, they buried the secrets of the crime. Scott Ellsworth, a native of Tulsa, became determined to unearth the secrets of his home town. Now, nearly 40 years after his first major historical account of the massacre, Ellsworth returns to the city in search of answers. Along with a prominent African American forensic archaeologist whose family survived the riots, Ellsworth has been tasked with locating and exhuming the mass graves and identifying the victims for the first time. But the investigation is not simply to find graves or bodies – it is a reckoning with one of the darkest chapters of American history.

Black Wall Street by Hannibal B. Johnson

Title Black Wall Street
Author Hannibal B. Johnson
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2007-08-01
Category History
Total Pages 307
ISBN 1934645389
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

Early in the twentieth century, the black community in Tulsa- the "Greenwood District"- became a nationally renowned entrepreneurial center. Frequently referred to as "The Black Wall Street of America," the Greenwood District attracted pioneers from all over America who sought new opportunities and fresh challenges. Legal segregation forced blacks to do business among themselves. The Greenwood district prospered as dollars circulated within the black community. But fear and jealousy swelled in the greater Tulsa community. The alleged assault of a white woman by a black man triggered unprecedented civil unrest. The worst riot in American history, the Tulsa Race Riot pf 1921 destroyed people, property, hopes, and dreams. Hundreds of people died or were injured. Property damage ran into the millions. The Greenwood District burned to the ground. Ever courageous, the Greenwood District pioneers rebuilt and better than ever. By 1942, some 242 businesses called the Greenwood district home. Having experienced decline in the '60s, '70s, and early '80s, the area is now poised for yet another renaissance. Black Wall Street speaks to the triumph of the human spirit.

The Paradox Of Loyalty by Julianne Malveaux

Title The Paradox of Loyalty
Author Julianne Malveaux
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 2004
Category History
Total Pages 250
ISBN 0883782456
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

This volume of 22 essays, compiled and edited by entrepreneur and social commentator Dr. Julianne A. Malveaux and social service and community activist Reginna M. Green.

Black Wall Street by Hannibal B. Johnson

Title Black Wall Street
Author Hannibal B. Johnson
Publisher Marion Koogler McNay Art Museum
Release Date 1998
Category History
Total Pages 280
ISBN STANFORD:36105020195256
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

From riot to renaissance in Tulsa's historic Greenwood district

Nurses On The Front Line by Barbra Mann Wall, PhD, RN, FAAN

Title Nurses on the Front Line
Author Barbra Mann Wall, PhD, RN, FAAN
Publisher Springer Publishing Company
Release Date 2010-09-01
Category Medical
Total Pages 320
ISBN 9780826105202
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

Nurses on the Front Line examines how nurses have responded to both natural and man-made disasters in the United States, Canada, and other nations over the course of the previous and current centuries. It documents 12 disasters, including the Galveston hurricane of 1900, the 1942 Cocoanut Grove nightclub fire, September 11th, and Hurricane Katrina. More than a simple narrative, this text provides intimate first-hand experiences-through letters, memoirs, oral histories, and newspaper articles-of health care workers, survivors, and civic and private organizations that reflect on the character and speed of responders during a disaster. It illustrates how nurses can restore stability in the aftermath of a chaotic event and analyzes the nurses' role as part of a community response. Key features: Explains in detail what nurses can expect during disasters and what measures to take when disaster strikes Examines previous natural disasters and calls into question whether disasters were caused by accidents or intentional/unintentional human error Discusses policy implications of the different disasters, focusing on the federal government's response Investigates the roles and effects of race, class, and gender during a disaster

Death In A Promised Land by Scott Ellsworth

Title Death in a Promised Land
Author Scott Ellsworth
Publisher LSU Press
Release Date 1992-01-01
Category History
Total Pages 184
ISBN 0807117676
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

Widely believed to be the most extreme incidence of white racial violence against African Americans in modern United States history, the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre resulted in the destruction of over one thousand black-owned businesses and homes as well as the murder of between fifty and three hundred black residents. Exhaustively researched and critically acclaimed, Scott Ellsworth’s Death in a Promised Land is the definitive account of the Tulsa race riot and its aftermath, in which much of the history of the destruction and violence was covered up. It is the compelling story of racial ideologies, southwestern politics, and incendiary journalism, and of an embattled black community’s struggle to hold onto its land and freedom. More than just the chronicle of one of the nation’s most devastating racial pogroms, this critically acclaimed study of American race relations is, above all, a gripping story of terror and lawlessness, and of courage, heroism, and human perseverance.

Events Of The Tulsa Disaster by Mary E. Jones Parrish

Title Events of the Tulsa Disaster
Author Mary E. Jones Parrish
Publisher Unknown
Release Date 1922*
Category African Americans
Total Pages 112
ISBN OCLC:11460136
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

An account of the Tulsa race riot of 1921 with a collection of shorter witness testimonials and a partial list of property and financial losses of its victims.

Title Tulsa s Historic Greenwood District
Author Hannibal B. Johnson
Publisher Arcadia Publishing
Release Date 2014
Category History
Total Pages 127
ISBN 9781467111287
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

In the early 1900s, an indomitable entrepreneurial spirit brought national renown to Tulsa's historic African American community, the Greenwood District. This "Negro Wall Street" bustled with commercial activity. In 1921, jealously, land lust, and racism swelled in sectors of white Tulsa, and white rioters seized upon what some derogated as "Little Africa," leaving death and destruction in their wake. In an astounding resurrection, the community rose from the ashes of what was dubbed the Tulsa Race Riot with renewed vitality and splendor, peaking in the 1940s. In the succeeding decades, changed social and economic conditions sparked a prodigious downward spiral. Today's Greenwood District bears little resemblance to the black business mecca of yore. Instead, it has become part of something larger: an anchor to a rejuvenated arts, entertainment, educational, and cultural hub abutting downtown Tulsa.

A Fiery Gospel by Richard M. Gamble

Title A Fiery Gospel
Author Richard M. Gamble
Publisher Cornell University Press
Release Date 2019-05-15
Category Music
Total Pages 296
ISBN 9781501736421
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

Since its composition in Washington's Willard Hotel in 1861, Julia Ward Howe's "Battle Hymn of the Republic" has been used to make America and its wars sacred. Few Americans reflect on its violent and redemptive imagery, drawn freely from prophetic passages of the Old and New Testaments, and fewer still think about the implications of that apocalyptic language for how Americans interpret who they are and what they owe the world. In A Fiery Gospel, Richard M. Gamble describes how this camp-meeting tune, paired with Howe's evocative lyrics, became one of the most effective instruments of religious nationalism. He takes the reader back to the song's origins during the Civil War, and reveals how those political and military circumstances launched the song's incredible career in American public life. Gamble deftly considers the idea behind the song—humming the tune, reading the music for us—all while reveling in the multiplicity of meanings of and uses to which Howe's lyrics have been put. "The Battle Hymn of the Republic" has been versatile enough to match the needs of Civil Rights activists and conservative nationalists, war hawks and peaceniks, as well as Europeans and Americans. This varied career shows readers much about the shifting shape of American righteousness. Yet it is, argues Gamble, the creator of the song herself—her Abolitionist household, Unitarian theology, and Romantic and nationalist sensibilities—that is the true conductor of this most American of war songs. A Fiery Gospel depicts most vividly the surprising genealogy of "The Battle Hymn of the Republic," and its sure and certain position as a cultural piece in the uncertain amalgam that was and is American civil religion.

Title Claiming the Stones Naming the Bones
Author Elazar Barkan
Publisher Getty Publications
Release Date 2003-01-09
Category Art
Total Pages 384
ISBN 9780892366736
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

These fourteen essays address controversies over a variety of cultural properties, exploring them from perspectives of law, archeology, physical anthropology, ethnobiology, ethnomusicology, history, and cultural and literary study. The book divides cultural property into three types: Tangible, unique property like the Parthenon marbles; intangible property such as folktales, music, and folk remedies; and communal "representations," which have lead groups to censor both outsiders and insiders as cultural traitors.

No More Separate Spheres by Cathy N. Davidson

Title No More Separate Spheres
Author Cathy N. Davidson
Publisher Duke University Press
Release Date 2002-04-19
Category Literary Criticism
Total Pages 448
ISBN 9780822383437
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

No More Separate Spheres! challenges the limitations of thinking about American literature and culture within the narrow rubric of “male public” and “female private” spheres from the founders to the present. With provocative essays by an array of cutting-edge critics with diverse viewpoints, this collection examines the ways that the separate spheres binary has malingered unexamined in feminist criticism, American literary studies, and debates on the public sphere. It exemplifies new ways of analyzing gender, breaks through old paradigms, and offers a primer on feminist thinking for the twenty-first century. Using American literary studies as a way to talk about changing categories of analysis, these essays discuss the work of such major authors as Catharine Sedgwick, Herman Melville, Pauline E. Hopkins, Frederick Douglass, Catharine Beecher, Ralph Waldo Emerson, W. E. B. Du Bois, Sarah Orne Jewett, Nathaniel Hawthorne, María Ampara Ruiz de Burton, Ann Petry, Gwendolyn Brooks, Cynthia Kadohata, Chang Rae-Lee, and Samuel Delany. No More Separate Spheres! shows scholars and students different ways that gender can be approached and incorporated into literary interpretations. Feisty and provocative, it provides a forceful analysis of the limititations of any theory of gender that applies only to women, and urges suspicion of any argument that posits “woman” as a universal or uniform category. By bringing together essays from the influential special issue of American Literature of the same name, a number of classic essays, and several new pieces commissioned for this volume, No More Separate Spheres! will be an ideal teaching tool, providing a key supplementary text in the American literature classroom. Contributors. José F. Aranda, Lauren Berlant, Cathy N. Davidson, Judith Fetterley, Jessamyn Hatcher, Amy Kaplan, Dana D. Nelson, Christopher Newfield, You-me Park, Marjorie Pryse, Elizabeth Renker, Ryan Schneider, Melissa Solomon, Siobhan Somerville, Gayle Wald , Maurice Wallace

Title An African American and Latinx History of the United States
Author Paul Ortiz
Publisher Beacon Press
Release Date 2018
Category HISTORY
Total Pages 276
ISBN 9780807013106
Language English, Spanish, and French
GET BOOK

Book Summary:

"Spanning more than two hundred years, An African American and Latinx History of the United States is a revolutionary, politically charged narrative history, arguing that the "Global South" was crucial to the development of America as we know it. Scholar and activist Paul Ortiz challenges the notion of westward progress as exalted by widely taught formulations such as "manifest destiny" and "Jacksonian democracy, " and shows how placing African American, Latinx, and Indigenous voices unapologetically front and center transforms US history into one of the working class organizing against imperialism. Drawing on rich narratives and primary source documents, Ortiz links racial segregation in the Southwest and the rise and violent fall of a powerful tradition of Mexican labor organizing in the twentieth century, to May 1, 2006, known as International Workers' Day, when migrant laborers--Chicana/os, Afrocubanos, and immigrants from every continent on earth--united in resistance on the first "Day Without Immigrants." As African American civil rights activists fought against Jim Crow laws and Mexican labor organizers warred against the suffocating grip of capitalism, Black and Spanish-language newspapers, abolitionists, and Latin American revolutionaries coalesced around movements built between people from the United States and people from Central America and the Caribbean. And in stark contrast to the resurgence of "America first" rhetoric, Black and Latinx intellectuals and organizers today have urged the United States to build bridges of solidarity with the nations of the America. Incisive and timely, this bottom-up history, told from the interconnected vantage points of Latinx and African Americas, reveals the radically different ways that people of the diaspora have addressed issues still plaguing the United States today, and it offers a way forward in the continued struggle for universal civil rights."--Dust jacket.